- Product Name
- CAS No.
- Chemical Name
- Gutex;R 1513;Azinos;Bionex;B-16259;sepizinl;bay16255;bay16259;Sepizin L;BAY 16255
- Molecular Formula
- Formula Weight
- MOL File
- Melting point:
- Boiling point:
- vapor pressure
- 3.2 x 10-4 Pa (20 °C)
- storage temp.
- Water Solubility
- 4.5 mg l-1(20 °C)
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 2642-71-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Azinphos-ethyl (2642-71-9)
- Signal word
- Hazard statements
H300Fatal if swallowed
H311Toxic in contact with skin
H410Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
- Precautionary statements
P273Avoid release to the environment.
P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P391Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P501Dispose of contents/container to..…
- Product number
- Product name
- Product number
- Product name
- Product number
- Product name
AZINPHOS-ETHYL Chemical Properties,Usage,Production
Azinphos-ethyl forms colorless, clear crystals. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in most
organic solvents. As an acaricide, azinphos-ethyl is used for the control of pests, such as,
spider mites, aphids, caterpillars, potato bug, beetles, bollweevils, whitefl ies, bollworms,
thrips, and other biting and sucking insects. Human exposures to azinphos-ethyl occur
through absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, through the intact skin, and by inhalation
of fi ne spray mist and dusts.
Azinphos-ethyl is a non-systemic organophosphorus insecticide, which is used against a relatively broad spectrum of insects. These include lepidopterous larvae, beetles and their larvae, aphids, jassids, and spider mites on various crops. And also crops of cotton, rice, sugar and fodder beets, fruits such as apples, pears, citrus-fruit, grapes; tobacco. Many countries around the world have stopped the use of this pesticide.
Azinphos-ethyl is used to control both chewing and sucking pests on a wide range of crops.
Colorless crystals. Used as a non-systemic insecticide with good ovicidal properties and long persistence. Used on cotton, citrus, vegetables, potatoes, tobacco, rice, and cereals to control caterpillars, beetles, aphids, spiders and many other insects. Not registered for use in the U.S.
Air & Water Reactions
Nearly insoluble in water. What little amount is solubilized will readily hydrolyze.
The BPS Pesticide incident in Helena resulted in an explosion and death of three firemen. The burning of a 1,000 pound sack of Azinphos Methyl or the flashing of Maneb which was present on the facility may have caused the explosion. Azinphos Ethyl may behave similarly. At elevated temperatures, AZINPHOS-ETHYL will decompose generating toxic gases.
The systemic effects of AZINPHOS-ETHYL are similar to parathion. It is an extremely potent systemic toxicant via ingestion, inhalation and skin contact. It may cause death or permanent injury after very short exposure to small quantities.
Azinphos-ethyl as an organophosphate pesticide is very toxic to animals and humans, inhibiting
the cholinesterase enzyme. Occupational workers exposed to azinphos-ethyl show symptoms
of poisoning. On exposure through skin contact, inhalation of dust or spray, or accidental
ingestion/swallowing, azinphos-ethyl is fatal. The early symptoms of toxicity include, but are
not limited to, excessive sweating, headache, miosis, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea,
blurred vision, muscle fasciculations, weakness, increased salivation, stomach pains,
slurred speech. More severe poisoning leads to respiratory failure due to a combination of
bronchorrhea, bronchoconstriction (muscarinic effects), paralysis of the respiratory muscles
(nicotinic effects), and respiratory center paralysis (central effects), which all may eventually
lead to shortness of breath, brain hypoxia, convulsions, and coma. Oral and dermal exposures
to azinphos-ethyl cause a disturbed heart rate with chest pain. Hypotension (low blood
pressure) may be observed, although hypertension (high blood pressure) is not uncommon.
Exposed and poisoned occupational workers show respiratory symptoms, such as dyspnea,
pulmonary edema, respiratory depression, and respiratory paralysis.
Reports have shown that azinphos-ethyl causes the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity in plasma, erythrocytes, the brain and sub-maxillary gland. Studies have indicated that multiple doses of azinphos-ethyl in low doses cause the plasma activity of rats and dogs to fall rapidly to a stable level, while the activity of the erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase falls more gradually.
A highly toxic substance by all routes ofentry, especially ingestion and skin contact;inhalation hazard may be low because ofvery low vapor pressure [2.2* 10 -7 torr at20 °C (68 °F)]; the systemic effects are sim-ilar to parathion and azinphos methyl; thetoxic effects are nausea followed by vomit-ing, abdominal pain, diarrhea, salivation, andsecretion of excessive mucus in mouth andnose; headache, giddiness, weakness, slur-ring of speech, tightness in the chest, tear-ing, eye muscle pain and blurring of vision,breathing difficulty, convulsion, and coma(Gosselin 1976); ingestion of a small quan-tity can be fatal.
Oral LD50 (rat): 7 mg/kg.
(Non-Specific -- Organophosphorus Pesticide, n.o.s.) When heated to decomposition, AZINPHOS-ETHYL emits very toxic fumes of sulfur, phosphorus and nitrogen oxides. Container may explode in heat of fire.
Poison by ingestion, inhalation, skin contact, and intraperitoneal route. A cholinesterase inhibitor type of insecticide. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx, POx,, and NOx. See also PARATHION.
Although the metabolism of azinphos-ethyl has been studied much less than that of azinphos-methyl, the biotransformations which have been reported appear to be totally analogous.
Azinphos-ethyl is rapidly hydrolysed in alkaline and acid media but is fairly stable under neutral conditions. The DT50 values at pH values 4, 7 and 9 were 3 hours, 270 days and 11 days, respectively (PM). The photolytic degradation of 1% azinphos-ethyl in chloroform solution irradiated in a Pyrex photoreactor at λ> 313 nm was investigated by Abdou ef al. (1987) who purified the products by silica gel column chromatography and identified them by MS and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Four metabolites were identified: 3-methylbenzazimide (2), benzazimide (3), both of which were identified by Liang and Lichtenstein (1972) as photolysis products of azinphos-methyl. Two additional products also identified were N-methylanthranilic acid (4) and the rearranged phosphate triester, O,O-diethyl O-(3-methylbenzo[d-l,2,3]-triazine-4-yl) phosphate (5) (Scheme 1).
Azinphos-ethyl is an organophosphorus compound that inhibits cholinesterase enzymes. It is very toxic and occupational workers should be very careful during use, storage, and waste disposal of it.