Thorium(IV) nitrate tetrahydrate.
Thorium(IV) nitrate tetrahydrate. Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- decomposes at 500℃ [HAW93]
- white hygroscopic crystals
- Water Solubility
- very soluble H2O, alcohol [MER06]
Thorium(IV) nitrate tetrahydrate. Usage And Synthesis
white crystal(s); slightly deliquescent; used in thoriated tungsten filaments and as a reagent for fluoride determination [HAW93] [MER06]
The tetrahydrate is a white crystalline mass; hydgroscopic; decomposes at about 500°C; very soluble in water; soluble in ethanol.
Thorium nitrate is a reagent for measuring fluorine and for making thoriated tungsten filaments. Thorium nitrate containing 1% cerium nitrate is the impregnating liquid in making incandescent gas mantles.
Thorium nitrate is obtained as an intermediate in making thorium metal from monazite sand. Also, the salt is prepared by heating thorium metal or its oxide or hydroxide with nitric acid, followed by evaporation of the solution and crystallization.
Thorium nitrate is highly toxic by ingestion and other routes of exposure. The compound also is a radiation hazard.
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