Basic information Safety Supplier Related
ChemicalBook >  Product Catalog >  Food Additives >  Coating agent >  Mineral oil

Mineral oil

Basic information Safety Supplier Related

Mineral oil Basic information

Product Name:
Mineral oil
Synonyms:
  • LIQUID PETROLATUM
  • Mineral oil Petrolatum liquid White mineral oil Paraffin oil
  • Blank Sulfur Oil Standard in Base Oil, For Diesel Fuel Analysis
  • Density Standard 870 kg/m3
  • Mineral oil suitable for preparation of Nujol mulls for infrared spectroscopy, light oil
  • B-LUFA LC ELUENT
  • C-LUFA BUFFER LC ELUENT
  • Parol 70
CAS:
8042-47-5
MF:
N/A
MW:
23.9979
EINECS:
232-455-8
Product Categories:
  • IR Spectroscopy
  • IR Spectroscopy Solvents
  • Reagents and Media Supplements
  • Embryo Culture
  • Specialty Media Systems
  • Spectroscopy
  • BioUltra
  • Density Gradient
  • AlphabeticalMolecular Biology
  • Biochemicals and Reagents
  • Molecular Biology Reagents
  • Labware
  • Overhead - Glass
  • Stirrers
  • UVCBs-organic
  • Essential Chemicals
  • Reagent Grade
  • Routine Reagents
  • Molecular Biology
  • PCR Reaction Components
  • PCR/Amplification
  • Biochemicals
  • Pharmacopoeia (USP)
  • Pharmacopoeia A-ZPharmacopoeia (USP)
  • Pharmacopoeial OrganicsEssential Chemicals
  • USP
Mol File:
Mol File
More
Less

Mineral oil Chemical Properties

Density 
0.85 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor pressure 
0.0001 hPa (20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.467(lit.)
Flash point:
185 °C
storage temp. 
room temp
form 
light oil
color 
white
Odor
Very faint.
Water Solubility 
insoluble
λmax
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.7
λ: 280 nm Amax: 1.0
EPA Substance Registry System
White mineral oil (petroleum) (8042-47-5)
More
Less

Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38-41
Safety Statements 
23-26-36-24/25
RIDADR 
1263
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
PY8047000
Autoignition Temperature
>300 °C
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
2710 19 85
HazardClass 
3.2
PackingGroup 
III
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 5000 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 2000 mg/kg

MSDS

More
Less

Mineral oil Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

Heavy white oil

Chemical Properties

Mineral oil mist is a colorless, oily liquid aerosol dispersed in air with an odor like burned lubricating oil. The odor threshold is 1.0 ppm.

Uses

For routine PCR amplifications. Minimizes evaporation of reactions run in PCR instruments without heated lids.

Uses

mineral oil is an emollient cleanser and demulsifier of dirt trapped in pores. Mineral oil is excellent for use in cleansers. In leave-on cosmetics, its comedogenicity or lack thereof appears related to the level of raw material refinement; therefore, some suppliers state that their product is non-comedogenic. When used in leave-on preparations, mineral oil’s occlusive capability is considered to help improve the epidermal barrier function. This is a clear, odorless oil derived from petroleum and is not known to cause allergic reactions.

Uses

Mineral oil is used as an overlay covering microdrops of culture medium in petri dishes. It is an active ingredient in baby lotions, cold creams, ointments and cosmetics. It is also used in electrical and mechanical industries as thermal fluid in electrical components and non -conductive coolant. It finds application as a transformer oil, as an anti rust agent for blades and as an insulator in high voltage switchgear. Further, it is used to store reactive metals like lithium, sodium, etc and in X-ray crystallography to suspend crystals.

Indications

Fecal softeners are substances that are not absorbed from the alimentary canal and act by increasing the bulk of the feces and softening the stool so that it is easier to pass. Mineral oil has been in use for many years, either as the oil or as a white emulsion; it is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons. Its use has been criticized for many reasons. It dissolves the fat-soluble vitamins and prevents their absorption.

brand name

Balneol (Solvay Pharmaceuticals); Neo-Cultol (Fisons); Nujol (Schering-Plough HealthCare).

General Description

Sigma′s Blue-White Select? Screening Reagent is a chromogenic substrate for β-galactosidase, used to determine the presence or absence of a cloned DNA insert in bacteria growing on agar plates. Blue-White Select? Screening Reagent is designed for blue-white selection of recombinant bacterial colonies with the lac+ phenotype.

Health Hazard

Recommended Personal Protective Equipment: Goggles or face shield; Symptoms Following Exposure: Ingestion of liquid can cause very loose bowel movements; General Treatment for Exposure: EYES: wash with water; Toxicity by Inhalation (Threshold Limit Value): Not pertinent; Short-Term Inhalation Limits: Not pertinent; Toxicity by Ingestion: Grade 1, LD50 = 5 to 15 g/kg; Late Toxicity: None; Vapor (Gas) Irritant Characteristics: None; Liquid or Solid Irritant Characteristics: None; Odor Threshold: Not pertinent.

Flammability and Explosibility

Nonflammable

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mineral oil functions by forming a depot at the injection site slowly releasing antigen.

Side effects

It is itself absorbed slightly and appears in the mesenteric lymph nodes, and if it is inhaled into the lungs (which it may be in elderly or debilitated patients), it may produce inflammatory responses such as lipoid pneumonia. Its continual use, therefore, is contraindicated, although its occasional administration in otherwise well patients is not harmful. It is employed primarily in patients who must avoid straining at stool, including persons with hemorrhoids and other painful anal lesions. Leakage of mineral oil past the anal sphincter may lead to soiling of clothing. Docusate dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (Colace),

Safety Profile

Highly purified food grades are of low toxicity. Questionable carcinogen. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Mineral oil is used in cosmetics, pharmaceutical bases; food, and fiber production; as carriers and bases; as a lubricating oil and as a solvent for inks in the printing industry. Oil mist would be encountered in quenching of hot metal parts and in metal machining operations.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Mineral oil is commonly used in horses to treat constipation and fecal impactions. It is also employed as a laxative in other species as well, but used less frequently. Mineral oil has been administered after ingesting lipid-soluble toxins (e.g., kerosene, metaldehyde) to retard the absorption of these toxins through its laxative and solubility properties.
Petrolatum containing products (e.g., Felaxin?, Laxatone?, Kat- A-Lax?, etc.) may be used in dogs and cats as a laxative or to prevent/ reduce “hair-balls” in cats.

Incompatibilities

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong acids (especially nitric acid), strong bases.

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

Mineral oilSupplier

Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD Gold
Tel
400-62063333-1 15601730970
Email
market@aladdin-e.com
Shanghai Boer Chemical Reagent Co., LTD Gold
Tel
19102157732
Email
zhangmin@boerchina.net
Jinan Hongli Chemical Industry Co. , Ltd. Gold
Tel
18354135979 18354135979
Email
970731907@qq.com
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833 400-666-7788
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
18621169121
Email
market03@meryer.com