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p-Nitrobenzoic acid

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p-Nitrobenzoic acid Basic information

Product Name:
p-Nitrobenzoic acid
Synonyms:
  • 4-nitrodracylicacid
  • Benzocaine EP Impurity E
  • acide4-nitrobenzoique
  • Benzoic acid, p-nitro-
  • Benzoicacid,4-nitro-
  • Kyselina p-nitrobenzoova
  • kyselinap-nitrobenzoova
  • kyselinap-nitrobenzoova(czech)
CAS:
62-23-7
MF:
C7H5NO4
MW:
167.12
EINECS:
200-526-2
Product Categories:
  • C7
  • Carbonyl Compounds
  • Absolute Configuration Determination (Exciton Chirality CD Method)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Enantiomer Excess & Absolute Configuration Determination
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Aromatic Carboxylic Acids, Amides, Anilides, Anhydrides & Salts
  • Exciton Chirality CD Method (for Hydroxyl Groups)
  • Building Blocks
  • Carbonyl Compounds
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Chemical Synthesis
  • Organic Building Blocks
  • Dyestuff Intermediates
Mol File:
62-23-7.mol
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p-Nitrobenzoic acid Chemical Properties

Melting point:
237-240 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
295.67°C (rough estimate)
Density 
1.61
refractive index 
1.6280 (estimate)
Flash point:
237 °C
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
0.42g/l
pka
3.41(at 25℃)
form 
Crystalline Powder
color 
Light yellow
PH
3.1 (0.42g/l, H2O, 20℃)(saturated solution)
Water Solubility 
<0.1 g/100 mL at 26 ºC
Merck 
14,6589
BRN 
973593
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, cyanides, strong bases.
InChIKey
OTLNPYWUJOZPPA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
62-23-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzoic acid, 4-nitro-(62-23-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
p-Nitrobenzoic acid (62-23-7)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn
Risk Statements 
22-41-36
Safety Statements 
26-39-24/25
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
DH5075000
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
29163900
Hazardous Substances Data
62-23-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 1960 mg/kg

MSDS

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p-Nitrobenzoic acid Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

light yellow crystalline powder

Definition

ChEBI: A nitrobenzoic acid having the nitro group at the 4-position.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Tetrahedron Letters, 26, p. 2387, 1985 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)94834-2
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 72, p. 5012, 1950 DOI: 10.1021/ja01167a051

General Description

Odorless pale yellow crystals.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

p-Nitrobenzoic acid is incompatible with strong oxidizers. p-Nitrobenzoic acid is also incompatible with strong bases (potassium hydroxide). p-Nitrobenzoic acid may react with cyanides.

Fire Hazard

p-Nitrobenzoic acid is combustible.

Purification Methods

Purify it as for 3-nitrobenzoic acid above. The amide has m 201.6o (from H2O). [Beilstein 9 III 1537, 9 IV 1072.]

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