BROMOACETONE Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- Boiling point:
- 1,63 g/cm3
- refractive index
- nD15 1.4697
- Flash point:
- Specific Gravity
- 1.63 (0℃)
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 598-31-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- 2-Propanone, 1-bromo-(598-31-2)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Bromoacetone (598-31-2)
BROMOACETONE Usage And Synthesis
Colorless liquid when pure, rapidly becomes violet even in absence of air. Soluble in ace- tone, alcohol, benzene, and ether; slightly soluble in water.
Chemical war gas.
ChEBI: An alpha-bromoketone that is acetone in which one of the hydrogens is replaced by a bromine atom. A poweful lachrymator, it was formerly used as a chemical weapon.
A clear colorless liquid turning violet on standing, even in the absence of air, and decomposing to a black resinous mass on long standing. Denser than water and poorly soluble in water. Hence sinks in water. A violent lachrymator--low concentrations are very irritating to the eyes; high concentrations or prolonged exposure at lower concentrations may have adverse health effects. Very toxic by inhalation. Contact with the liquid causes painful burns. Used as a chemical war gas.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Soluble in water.
BROMOACETONE decomposes on standing.
Toxic by inhalation and skin contact. A lachrymator gas, strong irritant.
Very powerful lachrymator and upper respiratory tract irritant. Intensely irritating to the eyes, nose, throat, and lungs. Corrosive to the skin.
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic fumes of Bromine
A poisonous gas. Moderately toxic to humans by inhalation. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Br-. See also BROMIDES.
Stand bromoacetone over anhydrous CaCO3, filter, distil it under low vacuum, and store it with CaCO3 in the dark at 0o. [Levene Org Synth Coll Vol II 88 1943.] Violently LACHRYMATORY and skin IRRITANT.
BROMOACETONE Preparation Products And Raw materials
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- Ammonium bromide
- (2-HYDROXYETHYL)TRIPHENYLPHOSPHONIUM BROMIDE
- Bromoacetaldehyde diethyl acetal
- Bromochlorophenol Blue sodium salt
- Ethyl bromopyruvate