- Product Name:
- Calciptriol, MC-903, Daivonex, Dovonex, Psorcutan
- Product Categories:
- Isotope Labelled Compounds
- Intermediates & Fine Chemicals
- Mol File:
Calcipotriene Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- Boiling point:
- 582.0±50.0 °C(Predicted)
- 1.12±0.1 g/cm3(Predicted)
- storage temp.
- Desiccate at -20°C
- DMSO: soluble15mg/mL, clear
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 112965-21-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
- Language:English Provider:Calcipotriene
Calcipotriene Usage And Synthesis
Calcipotriol is a topical vitaminD3 derivative effective in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. The drug acts by binding to vitamin D3 receptors in the skin keratinocytes, producing an elevation in cell differentiation and a reduction in cell proliferation. Although its efficacy is comparable to calcitriol, calcipotriol exhibits at least 100 times less effect on calcium metabolism in rats.
White Crystalline Solid
Leo Denmark (Denmark)
An antipsoriatic. A vitamin D3 analogue with low calcemic activity
antipsoriatic;viamin D receptor (VDR) affinity
A labelled antipsoriatic. A vitamin D3 analogue with low calcemic activity.
Calcipotriene (Dovonex), a synthetic vitamin D3 derivative, is indicated for the treatment of moderate plaque psoriasis. Its mechanism of action is unknown, although it competes for calcitriol receptors on keratinocytes and normalizes differentiation. It also has a variety of immunomodulatory effects in the skin. Although the drug can cause local irritation, the most serious toxicities are hypercalciuria and hypercalcemia, which are usually reversible.
(19))triene (Calverley Tetrahedron 43.4609 (1967) and (cyclopropyl)(tri-phenylphoshoranylidene)ketone are stirred in dimethyl sulfoxide under
nitrogen. The reaction mixture is then diluted at room temperature with ethyl
acetate and washed with common salt solution. The organic phase is dried on
sodium sulfate and filtered. After removal of the solvent, the residue is filtered
with toluene through silica gel. Evaporation of the solvent and gradient
chromatography (toluene/hexane (1:1)-toluene) of the residue on silica gel
(5E,7E,22E),(1S,3R)-1,3-Bis-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-24-cyclopropyl-9,10- secochola-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene-24-one in tetrahydrofuran and methanol are mixed with a 0.4 M methanol CeCl3·7H2O solution. Sodium borohydride is added by portions under nitrogen with ice cooling. The suspension is stirred with ice cooling and then put into ice/common salt solution. The aqueous phase is extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phase is washed neutral with water and dried on sodium sulfate. Filtration and removal of the solvent yield oil. By chromatography on silica gel with ethyl acetate/hexane (1:9). The (5E,7E,22E),(1S,3R,24S)-1,3-bis-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-24-cyclopropyl- 9,10-secochola-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene-24-ol is obtained.
(5E,7E,22E),(1S,3R,24S)-1,3-Bis-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-24-cyclopropyl- 9,10-secochola-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene-24-ol is dissolved in toluene and after addition of anthracene and 1 drop of triethylamine it is radiated at room temperature with a high pressure mercury vapor lamp (Heraeus TQ 150) through Pyrex glass. The reaction mixture is concentrated by evaporation and the residue a mixture of (5Z,7E,22E),(1S,3R,24S)-1,3-bis-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-24-cyclopropyl-9,10-secochola-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene- 24-ol and anthracene - is directly reacted with tetrabutylammonium fluoride.
(5Z,7E,22E),(1S,3R,24S)-1,3-Bis-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-24-cyclopropyl- 9,10-secochola-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene-24-ol in tetrahydrofuran is kept with a 1 M solution of tetrabutylammonium fluoride in tetrahydrofuran under nitrogen. For working up, the cooled reaction mixture is poured into cold sodium bicarbonate solution and then extracted with ethyl acetate. After drying of the organic phase on sodium sulfate, filtration and evaporation of the solvent yields a resin-like residue. Chromatography on silica gel with ethyl acetate/hexane (2:1) yields (5Z,7E,22E),(1S,3R,24S)-24-cyclopropyl-9,10- secochola-5,7,10(19),22-tetraene-1,3,24-triol.
Vitamin D 3 analog that displays minimal effects on calcium homeostasis. Regulates cell differentiation and proliferation; exhibits antiproliferative activity against human HL-60, HL60/MX2, MCF-7, T47D, SCC-25 and mouse WEHI-3 cancer cell lines.
Calcipotriol, a synthetic derivative of calcitriol or Vitamin D, is used in the treatment of psoriasis and marketed under the trade name Dovonex. It has comparable affinity with calcitriol (Vit. D) for the Vitamin D receptor (VDR), while being less than 1% as active as the calcitriol in regulating calcium metabolism. VDR belongs to the steroid/thyroid receptor superfamily, and is found on the cells of many different tissues including the thyroid, bone, kindney, and T cells of the immune system. Binding of calcipotriol to the VDR modulates the T cells gene transcription of cell differentiation and proliferation-related genes.
Calcipotriene (Dovonex) enhances the effectiveness of ultraviolet B (UVB) but also increases photosensitivity in UVB-treated patients. Ultraviolet light, 6% salicylic acid, 12% lactic acid, hydrocortisone valerate 0.2% ointment, and tazarotene (Tazorac) gel degrade calcipotriene (Dovonex). Halobetasol ointment and 5% tar gel are compatible with Calcipotriene (Dovonex). A British study found calcipotriene (Dovonex) to be safe and effective in a pediatric population over the age of 3, although it is not approved by the FDA.
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- CALCIPOTRIOL MONOHYDRATE
- Tetrapropylammonium hydroxide
- Allyl glycidyl ether
- Allyl chloride
- Cocoyl amide propyldimethyl glycine
- CHLOROPHOSPHONAZO III
- Allyl bromide