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Cadmium sulfide

Basic information Safety Supplier Related

Cadmium sulfide Basic information

Product Name:
Cadmium sulfide
Synonyms:
  • cadmiumyellowconcgolden
  • cadmiumyellowconclemon
  • cadmiumyellowconcprimrose
  • cadmiumyellowozdark
  • cadmiumyellowprimrose47-4100
  • cadmopurgoldenyellown
  • cadmopuryellow
  • capsebon
CAS:
1306-23-6
MF:
CdS
MW:
144.48
EINECS:
215-147-8
Product Categories:
  • CadmiumMaterials Science
  • Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry
  • Chalcogenides
  • Chemical Synthesis
  • Metal and Ceramic Science
  • metal chalcogenides
  • Inorganics
Mol File:
1306-23-6.mol
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Cadmium sulfide Chemical Properties

Melting point:
980°C (subl.)
Boiling point:
980°C (estimate)
Density 
4.82 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Flash point:
4℃
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
Soluble in acid, very slightly soluble in ammonium hydroxide.
form 
powder
color 
Yellow to orange
Specific Gravity
4.82
Water Solubility 
Insoluble
Crystal Structure
Cubic, Sphalerite Structure - Space Group F(-4)3m
Merck 
14,1628
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)
pKsp: 26.1
CAS DataBase Reference
1306-23-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Cadmium sulfide (1306-23-6)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
T,N,F
Risk Statements 
45-22-48/23/25-53-62-63-68-50/53-67-65-48/20/22-38-11
Safety Statements 
53-45-61-60-62-36/37-16
RIDADR 
UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
EV3150000
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
6.1
PackingGroup 
III
Hazardous Substances Data
1306-23-6(Hazardous Substances Data)

MSDS

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Cadmium sulfide Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

yellow to orange crystalline powder

Chemical Properties

Cadmium sulfide is an odorless, crystalline, lemon yellow to orange solid.

Physical properties

Yellow to orange crystal; occurs as two polymorphs, hexagonal alpha form and cubic beta form; exhibits stable wurtzite structure at lower temperature, and zinc blende type structure at higher temperatures; the beta form converts to alpha form when heated at 750°C in sulfur atmosphere; sublimes at 980°C; practically insoluble in water (1.3 mg/L at 20°C); Ksp 3.6x10-29; dissolves in dilute mineral acids on heating or concentrated acids at ordinary temperatures (decomposes with liberation of H2S).

Occurrence

Cadmium sulfide occurs in nature as the mineral greenoktite. The compound is widely used in pigments for paints, baking enamels, ceramics and plastics. It imparts bright yellow to maroon, with strong retention of color and resistance to alkalis. It also is used in inks, phosphors, and fluorescent screens. Other applications of this compound are in photovoltaic and solar cells (for converting solar energy to electrical energy), photoconductors (in xerography), thin film transistors and diodes, rectifiers, scintillation counters, pyrotechnics, and smoke detectors.

Uses

cadmium sulfide is used as a colorant for paints and rubber; cadmium acetate is used in the production of craftware.

Uses

Used in the production of solar cells where it is used as a buffer layer in the manufacture of CIGS (Copper -Indium-Gallium-Selenide) solar cells

Uses

As a pigment being fast to light and not affected by H2S; color for soaps; coloring glass yellow; coloring textiles, paper, rubber; in printing inks, ceramic glazes, fireworks; in phosphors and fluorescent screens; in scintillation counters, semiconductors, photoconductors.

Definition

A native cadmium sulfide containing 77.7% cadmium. Ore of cadmium

Definition

Greenockite: a mineral form ofcadmium sulphide, CdS.

Production Methods

Cadmium sulfide may be prepared by the reaction between hydrogen sulfide and cadmiumvapor at 800 Cor by heating a mixture of cadmium or cadmium oxide with sulfur.

Preparation

Cadmium sulfide may be prepared by precipitation from an aqueous solution of its soluble salts such as cadmium chloride or cadmium nitrate by passing hydrogen sulfide. The reactions may be carried out in acidic, neutral or alkaline solutions using various cadmium salts to obtain different crystal modifications as shown in the table below.

Cadmium sulfide also may be obtained by treatment of sodium or other alkali metal sulfide solution with that of a soluble cadmium salt. The compound also may be prepared by heating a mixture of cadmium or its oxide with sulfur at 800°C; or by the reaction of H2S with cadmium vapor at 800°C.

General Description

Natural occurrence: hawleyite (structural type of sphalerite) and greenockite (structural type of wurtzite)

Hazard

A confirmed carcinogen, highly toxic. See cadmium.

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Moderately toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Human mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cd and SOx. See also CADMIUM COMPOUNDS and SULFIDES

Potential Exposure

Used in pigments; as an active ingredient in dandruff shampoos; making photoconductors, solar cells, and other electronic components.

Shipping

UN2570 Cadmium compounds, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Incompatibilities

Contact with water or moisture releases poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause

Waste Disposal

Use a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposa

Cadmium sulfide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Preparation Products

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