Methyl chloroformate Basic information
- Product Name:
- Methyl chloroformate
- Methyl Chloroforate
- Chloroformic acid methyl
- Methyl carbonochloridate
- METHYL CHLOROCARBONATE
- METHYL CHLOROFORMATE
- METHOXYCARBONYL CHLORIDE
- CHLOROFORMIC ACID METHYL ESTER
- Product Categories:
- Miscellaneous Reagents
- API Intermediate
- Acid HalidesDerivatization Reagents HPLC
- Carbonyl Chlorides
- Carbonyl Compounds
- Organic Building Blocks
- Mol File:
Methyl chloroformate Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- Boiling point:
- 70-72 °C(lit.)
- 1.223 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
- vapor density
- 3.26 (vs air)
- vapor pressure
- 4.8 psi ( 20 °C)
- refractive index
- n20/D 1.387(lit.)
- Flash point:
- 64 °F
- storage temp.
- Store at 0-5°C
- Chloroform, Ethyl Acetate
- Clear colorless to light yellow
- Water Solubility
- Moisture Sensitive
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 79-22-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Carbonochloridic acid, methyl ester(79-22-1)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Methyl chlorocarbonate (79-22-1)
- Hazard Codes
- Risk Statements
- Safety Statements
- UN 1238 6.1/PG 1
- WGK Germany
- Autoignition Temperature
- 485 °C
- HS Code
- Hazardous Substances Data
- 79-22-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
- Language:English Provider:SigmaAldrich
Methyl chloroformate Usage And Synthesis
Methyl chloroformate is a colorless liquid with an unpleasant, acrid odor. This is a highly corrosive and flammable material. Decomposed by hot water; stable to cold water. Soluble in methanol alcohol, ether, and benzene.
Chloroformic Acid Methyl Ester is used in the synthesis of a new class of potent Cdk4 inhibitors in the treatment of cancer. Also used in the synthesis of Phorboxazole B.
Prepared from phosgene and methyl alcohol.
Methyl chloroformate (MCF) is generally used for the derivatization of functional groups such as carboxylic acids, amines, and phenols.
MCF can also be used:
To activate 3-acylpyridines for nucleophilic addition with alkynyltin reagents to form 2,3-disubstituted 1,2-dihydropyridines.
Chloroesterification of terminal alkynes to form β-chloro-α,β-unsaturated esters.
As an electrophilic reagent to mediate the reaction of pyridine with lithium dialkyl- or diarylcuprates to form 4-substituted 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives.
To convert nitronates into methoxycarbonyl nitronates.
A colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 54°F. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Vapors heavier than air. Very toxic by inhalation. Used to make other chemicals and insecticides.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Gives off hydrochloric acid fumes in contact with moist air. Slightly soluble in water and decomposed by water to hydrochloric acid with evolution of heat.
Methyl chloroformate is incompatible with water, strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, bases (including amines). Decomposes slowly in water to yield methanol, HCl, and CO2; reaction can be hazardous if water is hot. Attacks many metals especially in humid atmosphere [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 476]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].
Flammable, dangerous fire risk. Highly corrosive and irritant to skin and eyes.
Methyl chloroformate is highly toxic upon inhalation and upon ingestion. A concentration of 1 mg/liter (190 ppm) has been lethal in 10 minutes. It is corrosive and irritating to skin.
Methyl chloroformate is very dangerous when exposed to heat sources, sparks, flame, or oxidizers. Methyl chloroformate will react with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Vapors may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety device or any discoloration of tank due to fire. Toxic fumes of phosgene are produced when the material is heated to decomposition. Heat or steam should be avoided.
Flammability and Explosibility
Reactivity with Water: Reacts slowly, evolving hydrogen chloride (hydrochloric acid). Reaction can be hazardous if water is hot; Reactivity with Common Materials: Corrodes rubber; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Flush with water, rinse with sodium bicarbonate or lime solution; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.
Poison by ingestion, inhalation, and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by skin contact. Human systemic effects by inhalation: conjunctiva irritation and respiratory effects. Corrosive to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat sources, sparks, flame, or oxidzers. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-, methyl chloroformate, and phosgene.
Methyl chloroformate prepared by reacting methyl alcohol with phosgene.
A side product (methyl carbonate) could be formed if the temperature is not kept rather low and phosgene is not used in excess:
To a reaction flask fitted with a dropping-funnel, a tube to introduce the gaseous phosgene and an exit tube a 10 ml of methyl chloroformate is placed. The reaction flask is cooled to 0° C and the current of phosgene containing no chlorine is bubbled in. About one-third of reaction flask is filled with methanol from the dropping-funnel all at once. When the phosgene gas is no longer being absorbed additional portion of a fresh methanol is added to the reaction mixture. As soon as the reaction is complete, methyl chloroformate is transferred to a separatory funnel containing cold water. The heavier layer which separates from the aqueous layer is washed twice with cold water, dried over calcium chloride and fractionally distilled. The fraction passing over between 69-72 °C is collected. The yield of methyl chloroformate is about 70% of theory.
The war gases chemistry and analysis, by M. Sartory, 102, 1939.
Used in synthesis of pharmaceuticals; herbicides, plastics and other organic chemicals; as a solvent in the photographic industry; as a chemical intermediate in the production of other chemicals. In WWI it was used as military tear-producing warfare agent.
UN1238 Methyl chloroformate, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poison Inhalation Hazard, 3-Flammable liquid, 8-Corrosive material Inhalation Hazard Zone A
May form explosive mixture with air. Violent reaction with alkali metals; ethers. Incompatible with strong acids; strong bases; alcohols, oxidizers, dimethylsulfoxide; dimethyl formamide. Contact with water or moisture produces corrosive and poisonous hydrogen chloride gas, methanol and carbon monoxide. Corrodes metals in the presence of moisture. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings.
Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal
Methyl chloroformate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Methyl chloroformate(79-22-1)Related Product Information
- Ethyl chloroformate
- Ethyl chloroacetate
- 2-BROMOETHYL CHLOROFORMATE
- Methyl chloroformate
- Methyl acetate
- Methyl bromide
- Methyl anthranilate
- Methyl 2-bromobenzoate
- Methyl carbamate
- Basic Violet 1
- Methyl formate
- Methyl acrylate