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1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)ethane

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1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)ethane Basic information

Product Name:
1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)ethane
Synonyms:
  • 2-METHYL-2-HYDROXYMETHYL-1,3-PROPANEDIOL
  • 1,1,1-Tri(hydroxymethyl)ethane
  • 1,1,1-tris(hydroxymethyl)-ethan
  • 1,1,1-Tris(methylol)ethane
  • 1,3-Propanediol,2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-
  • 2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-3-propanediol
  • 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)-1-propanol
  • 2,2-di(hydroxymethyl)propanol
CAS:
77-85-0
MF:
C5H12O3
MW:
120.15
EINECS:
201-063-9
Product Categories:
  • Industrial/Fine Chemicals
Mol File:
77-85-0.mol
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1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)ethane Chemical Properties

Melting point:
193-195 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
137°C 15mm
Density 
1.0456 (rough estimate)
refractive index 
1.4056 (estimate)
Flash point:
160°C
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
pka
14.03±0.10(Predicted)
form 
Crystalline Powder, Crystals, and/or Chunks
color 
White
Water Solubility 
soluble
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
BRN 
1304452
CAS DataBase Reference
77-85-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
1,3-Propanediol, 2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl-(77-85-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
1,3-Propanediol, 2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methyl- (77-85-0)
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Safety Information

Safety Statements 
22-24/25
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
TY7137500
3
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
29054910
Hazardous Substances Data
77-85-0(Hazardous Substances Data)

MSDS

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1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)ethane Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

white crystalline powder, crystals and/or chunks

Uses

Conditioning agent, manufacture of varnishes, alkyd and polyester resins, synthetic drying oils.

Purification Methods

Dissolve it in hot tetrahydrofuran, filter and precipitate it with hexane. It has also been crystallised from acetone/water (1:1). Dry it in a vacuum. [Beilstein 1 H 520, 1 IV 2780.]

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