Basic information Description Drug Instructions Side effects of dipyrone Uses Hazards & Safety Information References Safety Supplier Related
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Metamizole sodium

Basic information Description Drug Instructions Side effects of dipyrone Uses Hazards & Safety Information References Safety Supplier Related

Metamizole sodium Basic information

Product Name:
Metamizole sodium
Synonyms:
  • (antipyrinylmethylamino)methanesulfonicacidsodiumsalt
  • (antipyrinylmethylamino)-methanesulfonicacimonosodiumsalt
  • (antipyrinylmethylamino)-methanesulfonicacisodiumsalt
  • algopyrine
  • aminopyrinesodiumsulfonate
  • antipyrine,4-(methylamino)-,monomethosulfate,sodiumsalt
  • barone
  • bonpyrin
CAS:
68-89-3
MF:
C13H16N3NaO4S
MW:
333.34
EINECS:
200-694-7
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  • Aromatics
  • Heterocycles
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Mol File:
68-89-3.mol
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Metamizole sodium Chemical Properties

Melting point:
227 °C
Density 
1.388 g/cm3
storage temp. 
Inert atmosphere,Room Temperature
color 
Minute crystals
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
68-89-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Dipyrone(68-89-3)
EPA Substance Registry System
Methanesulfonic acid, 1-[(2,3-dihydro-1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)methylamino]-, sodium salt (1:1) (68-89-3)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn
Risk Statements 
42/43
Safety Statements 
36
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
PB1300000
HS Code 
29331920
Toxicity
LD50 orl-rat: 3 g/kg ARZNAD 21,719,71

MSDS

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Metamizole sodium Usage And Synthesis

Description

Dipyrone is a water soluble pyrazolone derivative available in oral, rectal and injectable forms. It has analgesic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Dipyrone is used most commonly to treat severe pain, particularly, for pain associated with smooth muscle spasm or colic affecting the gastrointestinal, biliary or urinary tracts. It is useful for fever that is refractory to other treatment. Because of the risk of serious adverse effects, such as agranulocytosis, its use is justified only in serious situations where no alternative is available or suitable.

Drug Instructions

Alias: dipyrone, NOVALGIN; Noramidopyrine, Metamizole sodium,metamizole
Property: This product is white or yellow-white crystal or crystalline powder, odorless, slightly bitter taste, soluble in water.
Action: Dipyrone is the derivative of aminopyrine, its has a significant effect of antipyretic analgesia. The antipyretic effect of it is three times as aminopyrine, the analgesic effect is similar to that of aminopyrine.
Process vivo: Easily absorbed orally, mainly metabolized by the liver and excreted of renal
Indications: It is mainly used for cooling, acute arthritis, headache, rheumatic neuralgia, toothache and muscle pain etc.

Dosage
Oral or intranasal administration. For oral, the adult should take 0.5g of the medicine and three times a day, the amount of the child is 8-10mg/ kg, the number of the times is according to the necessary. For intranasal, the child under 5 years old can take 1-2drops for each nostril, can take the medicine another time if necessary,for the patient above 5 years old increase the dosage appropriately.
Note
1, The dosage should be controled strictly to prevent collapse.
2, The intramuscular injection can cause atrophy and erosion to the local muscle, it is abandoned now.
3, The patient who has a allergy to the praziquantel can not use the dipyrone
4, It not suitable for a long-term application, Please pay attention to the granulocytes.

Specification
Tablets:each table is weight for 0.25g or 0.5g; Injection: each ingection has the specification of 0.25g/1ml or 0.5g/2ml; Drops: solution with the concentration of 10%~20%

Side effects of dipyrone

1, The side effects contain the allergies, exhaustion, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia even the severe aplastic anemia.
2, Some people may also suffering the nephrotoxicity and gastrointestinal bleeding after they take the dipyrone.The most serious side effect is lethal agranulocytosis.

Uses

It has the effect of detoxification, analgesic and anti-rheumatic etc and mainly used for cooling, but also can be applied to cure the acute arthritis, rheumatic pain, muscle pain and headache etc.

Hazards & Safety Information

Category
Toxic Chemicals
Acute toxicity
For oral – the lethal dose for rat LD50: 3000 mg/kg;
For oral – the lethal dose for mouse LD50: 2891 mg/kg
Toxicity grading
Moderately toxic
Flammability hazard characteristic
It is combustible and can produce the toxic fumes contained nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides and sodium oxide during the combustion
Storage Characteristic
The storeroom should be airy, low-temperature and dried.
Extinguishing agent
Dry powder, foam, sand, carbon dioxide, water mist

References

[1] Micha Levy, Ester Zylber-Katz and Bernd Rosenkranz, Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Dipyrone and its Metabolites, Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 1995, vol. 28, 216-234
[2] JE Edwards, F. Meseguer, CC Faura, RA Moore and HJ McQuay, Single-dose dipyrone for acute postoperative pain, Cochrane Database Syst Rev., 2010, vol. 9, CD003227

Chemical Properties

solid

Uses

A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that, when coadministered with morphine, potentiates its antinociceptive action and delays the development of tolerance. Dipyrone is a relatively selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-3 (COX-3), with lower activity against COX-1 and no activity against COX-2. Blocks PGE2-induced hyperalgesia in several models.

Uses

Dipyrone is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that, when coadministered with morphine, potentiates its antinociceptive action and delays the development of tolerance. Dipyrone is a relatively sel ective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-3 (COX-3), with lower activity against COX-1 and no activity against COX-2. Dipyrone blocks PGE2-induced hyperalgesia in several models.

Uses

Methamizole sodium has expressed analgesic and fever-reducing properties and poorly expressed anti-inflammatory action, and is very convenient in cases where high concentrations of drug need to be quickly reached. Methamizole sodium is used for relieving pain of various origins (renal and biliary colic, neuralgia, myalgia, trauma, burns, headaches, and toothaches). Use of this drug may cause allergic reactions, and long-term use may cause granulocytopenia.

Definition

ChEBI: An organic sodium salt of antipyrine substituted at C-4 by a methyl(sulfonatomethyl)amino group, commonly used as a powerful analgesic and antipyretic.

brand name

Diprofarn (Farmitalia, Societa Farmaceutici Italia, Italy); Novaldin (Sterling Winthrop);Abalgine;Acabel compositum;Acefalgin;Acrobal;Acrogesico;Adolkin;Algia-nil;Alginodia compose;Algisedal;Algobuscopan;Algopriv;Algopyriv;Alkozin;Amiglan;Aminocid;Amitralil;Ampi tumisan;Anadex;Analcedor;Analject;Anarinyl;Anchrina;Anespas cpto;Angiter;Ankaljin;An-t;Apasmo;Arantil;Arquidon;Artritex;Ascorbalgine;Ascortin;Aseptobron;Atecilina;Atn-020/2;Avafortan;Ayoral;Bayer 1387;Bebealjin;Bebigut;Belatropin;Belflex/2;Beneurin;Bexopirona;Biogamma2;Biotangin;Bipasmin compuesto;Bort;Bristacilia;Britercina;Bromalgin;Bromalgon;Broncofenil;Broncolysin;Bucarboxal;Buscapina comp.;Buscapina compuesto;Buscapina compuestum;Buscol compositum;Buscopan composto;Buscopan compostum;Buscopina compostum;Butalgine;Butylpan;Calgayan-c;Calmetron;Camizol;Causalon;Cessantyl;Chini-med;Cintaverin compuesto;Clizim;Clofexan;Codalgin;Codasal injetavel;Colgenol;Comaril 5000;Corilin pediatric;Cortempirol;Cortitracin;Cronopen balsamico;Deltricin;Devalgin;Dexa butarin;Di-bal-rone;Dimethedon;Dinopirina;Dioxadol;Dipirona;Diprofarm;Dipyrivo;Dispalgine;Divarin;Divarmin;Do-ba-rone;Dolatets;Dolazon;Dolemicin;Dolispasmo;Dolo adamon;Dolo baralgine;Dolo buscopan;Dolo nerv;Dolo neurobion forte;Dolo pangavit;Dolo raptalgin;Dolo spasuret;Dolojudolor;Dolo-neurobion;Dolopirina;Doloscopin;Dopiral;Dorflex merrell;Dorlisin;Doron;Dorscopena;D-pron;Dumalgin;Duralnordin;Dya-tran;Edgartet;Eespanal;Enzipan combinado;Espasfher;Espasmir;Espasmo-cibalgina;Espasmoqual;Espasmotex;Espasmoviral;Espyre;Farbinol;Flogolisin;G.r. ulix compuesto;Genservet;Gentil;Geralgine;Glutisal;Greplicina belsa;H 116;H 117;H 118;Hagalgin;Hasain;Indextron;Influbene;Kb-502;Kefren;Kesan;Killgrip;Kipyrone;Kitax alpha;Kitax n;Konitan;Labymetacincpo;Lactmicina;Lagalgine;Lamprcsnum;Lapalgine;Larq 731;Lasain;Lavaciclina;Levapa;Levismon;Lisalgil;Magdor;Magnalsa;Magnemidon;Mapir;Mecoten;Megal;Melpen;Menalgine;Mialgan;Minalgine;Minoval;Miocitalgan;Nadalgine;Naftalgin;Naltrium;Napasone;Nartate;Natralgin;Natric;Neo-melubrim;Neo-melubrina;Neo-melubrine;Neo-oxipen;Neosal-n;Neosoldina;Neuro-fortamin;Nisidina;Nlo conicilina balsamica;Nobelgin;Nolotil composirum;Notermin;Novacid;Novalcina;Novalgetol;Novalgin quinine;Novalgina;Novalgine;Nova-lyseen;Novamidazofen;Novamidazophen;Novamideazophene;Novaminophenazone;Novaminsulfon ratiopharm;Novaminsulfone sodium;Novaminsulfonium;Novaminsulfonum;Novaminsulton;Novazolon dexametasona;Noveltex;Novemida;Novemina;Novil;Oftlamin;Orphalginen;Ortopirona;Oxiquiunazine;Pabron gold;Panalvon;Patalgin;Pentrodin;Phanalgin;Pharmalgine;Porbiot;Pplan 2500;Probaphen;Prodol;Prydonnal;Pydirone;Pyralgine;Pyrilgin;Pyriligin;Pyrisan;Quarelin;Reflex rectal;Relexal compuesto;Repriman;Resquim;Rheuma-spalt;Ridol;Rumalisine;Rupalgin;Santeprednisan a;Sebon;Sedabel;Sedarel;Sedarene;Sedazepane;Selpiran;Sertalanalgesico;Severen;Sinalgex;Sintaverin;Sinvirol;Spasdolsom;Spaslar;Spasmalgon;Spasmium-comp.;Spasmizol;Spasmodor;Spasmopyralgin;Spasmothil;Sufonovin;Sulfonovin;Supadol;Supergine;Surpyrine;Tanper;Tapal;Tega-pyrone;Tempil;Tepal;Termonil;Tetrabal-hosbon;Tetraspasmil;Tiadexol;Tiartan;Toloxin andromaco;Trenteron;Triartan;Trinalgen.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Metamizole sodium, a pyrazolone derivative with analgesic, antipyretic and antinflammatory activity, was introduced in 1921 and has since been widely available in over-the-counter products. By the early 1970s its use had been associated, as with some other pyrazolones, with serious and sometimes fatal adverse reactions, notably cases of blood dyscrasias including agranulocytosis, which led to its withdrawal by some regulatory authorities. Although preparations of metamirole sodium are prohibited in certain countries, they remain widely available in others and, in some cases, in over-the-counter products.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous route. Moderately toxic by several other routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. See also SULFONATES. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx,, Na2O, and SOx,.

Chemical Synthesis

Methamizole sodium, 1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylaminopyrazolone-5-N-sodium methansulfonate (3.2.16), is synthesized in a multi-stage synthesis from acetoacetic ester and phenylhydrazine. Their reaction leads to the formation of 1-phenyl- 3-methylpyrazolone-5 (3.2.9). Methylation of this product with methyl iodide gives 1-phenyl- 2,3-dimethylpyrazolone-5 (3.2.10). This compound is used independently in medicine as a fever-reducing and anti-inflammatory analgesic under the name antipyrin. It undergoes nitrozation by sodium nitrite in an acidic medium, forming 1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4- nitrozopyrazolone-5 (3.2.11). Reduction of the nitrous derivative (3.2.11) by different reducing agents leads to the formation of 1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-aminopyrazolone-5 (3.2.12). This product is reacted with benzaldehyde, forming an easily separable crystalline 1-phenyl- 2,3-dimethyl-4-benzylidenaminopyrazolone-5 (3.2.13), which is methylated at the imine atom of nitrogen by dimethylsulfate, giving a quaternary salt (3.2.14). Hydrolysis of the resulting salt gives 1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylaminopyrazolone-5 (3.2.15). Treating the product with a water solution of a mixture of sodium bisulfite and formaldehyde leads to the formation of 1-phenyl-2,3-dimethyl-4-methylaminopyrazolone-5-N-sodium methanesulfonate (3.2.16), the desired sodium methamizole [72–75].

Metamizole sodium Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Metamizole sodiumSupplier

Hebei Jiheng (Group) Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Gold
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0318-5553300
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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
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010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
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Products Intro
Product Name:Dipyrone
CAS:68-89-3
Package:10g,1g
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
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821-50328103-801
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Product Name:Analgin
CAS:68-89-3
Purity:98% HPLC Package:1g;5g;25g;100g
Nanjing Chemlin Chemical Co., Ltd
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info@chemlin.com.cn
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CAS:68-89-3
Purity:98% Package:10g;500g;1kg;10kg
Chemsky(shanghai)International Co.,Ltd.
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021-50135380
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shchemsky@sina.com
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Product Name:Dipyrone
CAS:68-89-3
Purity:98%