- Product Name:
- Ammonium carbonate
- Ammonium carbonate, ACS, NH3 30.0+%
- Ammonium carbonate, Puratronic(R), 99.999% (metals basis)
- Product Categories:
- Ammonium Salts
- Materials Science
- Industrial/Fine Chemicals
- Metal and Ceramic Science
- Mol File:
Ammonium carbonate Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 58 °C
- Boiling point:
- 179.58°C (rough estimate)
- vapor density
- 2.7 (vs air)
- vapor pressure
- 760 mm Hg @ 600C
- refractive index
- 1.4616 (estimate)
- storage temp.
- Store at RT.
- H2O: 0.1 g/mL at 25 °C, clear, colorless
- White to yellow
- strong odor of NH3
- PH Range
- Water Solubility
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 506-87-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Ammonium carbonate (506-87-6)
Ammonium carbonate Usage And Synthesis
Ammonium carbonate is positive ammonium salt of carbonic acid normal salt, the formula is (NH4)2CO3. Pure product is colorless or white cubic crystal or powder, it has strong smell of ammonia. Industrial product is complex salt of ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbamate, it is white, flaky or small block of solid product crushed form. It is often with a molecular crystal water, it is hygroscopic, soluble in water, it can decompose in case of hot water. It is insoluble in ethanol and carbon disulfide. Ammonium carbonate can rapidly decompose into ammonia, carbon dioxide and water at 58℃. Ammonium carbonate can be obtained by ammonia introduces into solution of sodium carbonate with half times, the solution crystallizes at 30°C. It gradually loses ammonia to form ammonium bicarbonate in air.
Solubility in water (g/100ml)
The grams which dissolve per 100 ml of water:100g/20 ℃.
Related reactions of the formula
At room temperature for significant decomposition: (NH4) 2CO3 → 2NH3 + CO2 + H2O
At low temperature and a certain pressure, carbon dioxide and water with an excess of ammonia, ammonium carbonate can be obtained: 2NH3 + CO2 + H2O → (NH4) 2CO3
Ammonium sulfate and calcium carbonate suspension under heating to generate ammonium carbonate: (NH4) 2SO4 + CaCO3 → (NH4) 2CO3 + CaSO4
Urea in aqueous solution will gradually react with water to form ammonium carbonate: CO (NH2) 2 + 2H2O → (NH4) 2CO3
If it splashes into the eye accidentally, rinse immediately with plenty of water. It has stimulating effect on the skin. It should pay attention to dust prevention and dust extraction, respiratory protection, skin protection.
It is matte orthorhombic crystalline powder. It has strong ammonia odor. It usually can not get anhydrous salt, industrial salt is actually a complex of ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbamate. The amount of ammonia is 31%, The amount of carbon dioxide is 56%. It is soluble in water, insoluble in ethanol, carbon disulfide, and concentrated ammonia. It is unstable in the air, it will gradually become ammonium bicarbonate and ammonium carbamate. When be dried at 58℃, it can easily decompose, release ammonia and carbon dioxide. Aqueous solution begins to decompose at 70℃. It is unstable for light and heat. It has slightly hygroscopic.
It is used as raw material for baking powder, various ammonium salts, buffer agent, auxiliaries, fertilizer and analytical reagent. Edible ammonium carbonate is used as buffer, neutralizing agent, leavening agent, fermentation promoter (manufacture of wine).
It is used for fire fighting, detergents, and used in medicine, rubber, and other industrial fermentation.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Wang Xiaodong.
Carbonization method: Carbon dioxide, ammonia and steam synthesized directly sodium carbonate, it passes through the cooling chamber, uses water to direct cooling, and then it is refined to obtain ammonium carbonate products.
2NH3 + CO2 + H2O → (NH4) 2CO3
Intravenous-Mouse LD50: 96 mg/kg; Intravenous-Dogs LDL0: 200 mg/kg.
Flammability hazard characteristics
It can produce toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and ammonia at high temperature.
Treasury ventilation low-temperature drying.
Dry powder, foam, sand, carbon dioxide, water mist.
Anunonium carbonate is a white water-soluble, volatile solid prepared by reaction of NH4OH and CO2 and crystallizing from dilute alcohol. Ammonium carbonate loses NH3,CO2, and H20 at ordinary temperatures, and rapidly at 58°C.
Ammonium carbonate is a colorless crystal or white lumpy powder with a strong ammonia odor. The odor specific gravity (gas)52.7; Threshold is ,5 ppm as ammonia gas.
Colorless or translucent hard crystalline mass or white cubic crystals or powder; sharp taste; odor of ammonia; decomposes at 58°C; slow decomposition at ambient temperatures; readily dissolves in cold water; decomposes in hot water; insoluble in liquid ammonia, alcohol and carbon disulfide.
Ammonium Carbonate is a dough strengthener, a leavening agent, a ph control agent, and a texturizer. it is prepared by the sublima- tion of a mixture of ammonium sulfate and calcium carbonate, and occurs as a white powder or a hard, white translucent mass.
Pharmaceutic aid (source of ammonia).
Ammonium carbonate is obtained by passing carbon dioxide into aqueous ammonia solution in a column or tower. Ammonia, carbon dioxide and water vapor are distilled and the vapors condensed into a solid crystalline mass. It also may be prepared by subliming a mixture of ammonium sulfate and calcium carbonate.
A mixture of ammonium acid carbonate and ammo- nium carbamate.
ammonium carbonate: A colourlessor white crystalline solid,(NH4)2CO3, usually encountered asthe monohydrate. It is very soluble incold water. The compound decomposesslowly to give ammonia, water,and carbon dioxide. Commercial ‘ammoniumcarbonate’ is a double saltof ammonium hydrogencarbonateand ammonium aminomethanoate(carbamate), NH4HCO3.NH2COONH4.This material is manufactured byheating a mixture of ammoniumchloride and calcium carbonate andrecovering the product as a sublimedsolid. It readily releases ammoniaand is the basis of sal volatile. It isalso used in dyeing and wool preparationand in baking powders.
A colorless crystalline solid or a white powder with a strong odor of ammonia. Noncombustible. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit spread to the environment. Used to make other ammonium compounds, in pharmaceuticals, in food processing.
Air & Water Reactions
Ammonium carbonate decomposes when heated to give gaseous ammonia and gaseous carbon dioxide. Reaction is non-explosvie. Causes decomposition of sodium hypochlorite within a few seconds [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:550 1956].
Evolves irritating fumes when heated.
Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion may cause gastric irritation. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.
Ammonium carbonate, (NH4)2CO3, is an intermediate product formed during the synthesis of urea. Ammonium carbonate on decomposition yields urea and water.
Poison by subcutaneous and intravenous routes. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NO, and NH3.
It is used in dyeing, tanning, medicines, fire extinguishers; to make casein glue; ammonia salts; and baking powders. A laboratory reagent.
UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.
Acids, acid salts; salts of iron and zinc, alkaloids, calomel and tartar emetic. Keep cool, below 38 C. Contact with inorganic acids may form CO2, heat, and dangerous spattering.
Slowly deposit in a large container of water. Add excess amounts of soda ash and let stand for 24 hours. Decant to another container, neutralize with hydrochloric acid, and drain with an excess of water. Ship to landfill.
Ammonium carbonate Preparation Products And Raw materials
- 027-59223025- ;027-59223025-
- 010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
- 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
- Calcium carbide
- BIS(HYDROXYBENZOTRIAZOLYL) CARBONATE
- 3,4-DICHLOROPHENYLGUANIDINE CARBONATE
- PHENYLGUANIDINE CARBONATE
- ZIRCONYL AMMONIUM CARBONATE
- 2-CHLOROPHENYLGUANIDINE CARBONATE
- Ammonium carbonate
- Sodium carbonate
- Lithium carbonate
- Sodium chloride
- Ethylene carbonate
- Calcium carbonate
- AMMONIUM CARBONATE 99.
- POLY(BISPHENOL A CARBONATE)
- Ammonium bicarbonate;acid ammonium carbonate;Ammonium acid carbonate;Ammonium hydrogen carbonate,AMMONIUM CARBONATE TS,AMMONIUM CARBONATE, ACIDIC