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Potassium sulfate

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Potassium sulfate Basic information

Product Name:
Potassium sulfate
Synonyms:
  • Potassium sulfate test solution(ChP)
  • POTASSIUM SULFATE ANHY LOW NIT
  • POTASSIUM SULFATE, 99.99%POTASSIUM SULFATE, 99.99%POTASSIUM SULFATE, 99.99%POTASSIUM SULFATE, 99.99%
  • POTASSIUM SULFATE, BIO-REFINEDPOTASSIUM SULFATE, BIO-REFINEDPOTASSIUM SULFATE, BIO-REFINEDPOTASSIUM SULFATE, BIO-REFINED
  • POTASSIUM SULFATE, GRANULAR, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM SULFATE, GRANULAR, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM SULFATE, GRANULAR, REAGENT (ACS)
  • POTASSIUM SULFATE, POWDER, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM SULFATE, POWDER, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM SULFATE, POWDER, REAGENT (ACS)POTASSIUM SULFATE, POWDER, REAGENT (ACS)
  • sop
  • Arcanum duplicatum
CAS:
7778-80-5
MF:
K2O4S
MW:
174.2592
EINECS:
231-915-5
Product Categories:
  • Potassium Salts
  • PotassiumMetal and Ceramic Science
  • Synthetic Reagents
  • ACS GradeSynthetic Reagents
  • Essential Chemicals
  • Salts
  • N - RProtein Structural Analysis
  • Optimization ReagentsSynthetic Reagents
  • Inorganic Salts
  • Potassium
  • Salt Solutions
  • Volumetric Solutions
  • X-Ray Crystallography
  • Routine Reagents
  • Inorganics
  • Analytical Reagents for General Use
  • O-P, Puriss p.a. ACS
  • Puriss p.a. ACS
  • metal sulfate
  • Food Additives
Mol File:
7778-80-5.mol
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Potassium sulfate Chemical Properties

Melting point:
1067°C
Boiling point:
1689°C
Density 
2.66
Flash point:
1689°C
storage temp. 
Inert atmosphere,Room Temperature
solubility 
H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
form 
Very Fine Crystals or Powder
color 
White
Specific Gravity
2.662
Odor
Odorless
PH
5.5-7.5 (25℃, 0.5M in H2O)
PH Range
~7
Water Solubility 
110 g/L (20 ºC)
λmax
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.01
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck 
14,7674
Stability:
Stable.
InChIKey
OTYBMLCTZGSZBG-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS DataBase Reference
7778-80-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Potassium sulfate(7778-80-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Potassium sulfate (7778-80-5)
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Safety Information

Safety Statements 
22-24/25
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
TT5900000
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
31043000
Hazardous Substances Data
7778-80-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 6600 mg/kg

MSDS

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Potassium sulfate Usage And Synthesis

Description

Potassium sulfate (K2SO4) is a kind of chemical compounds that is commonly used in agriculture. The dominant application of potassium sulfate is as a fertilizer, which is commonly applied to offer both potassium and sulfur, thus improving the quality and yield of crops growing in soils that lack an adequate supply of this essential elements. Besides, the crude potassium sulfate is sometimes employed in the production of glass. It also has applications in other industries, which is used as a flash reducer in artillery propellant charges and as an alternative blast media similar to soda in the process of soda blasting.

potassium sulfate powder

Chemical Properties

Potassium sulfate,K2804, also known as salt of Lemery and arcanite, is a colorless crystalline solid that melts at 1072°C(1960 OF). It is soluble in water,but insoluble in alcohol. Potassium sulfate is used in manufacturing glass, aluminum, fertilizers, and in medicine.

Chemical Properties

Potassium sulfate, sulfate of potash, K2SO4, white solid, soluble. Common constituent of potassium salt minerals.

Physical properties

Colorless or white crystals or white granules or powder; rhombohedral structure; bitter taste; density 2.66 g/cm3; melts at 1,069°C; vaporizes at 1,689°C; moderately soluble in water, 12 g/100mL at 25°C and 24g/100mL at 100°C; slightly soluble in glycerol; insoluble in alcohol, acetone, and carbon disulfide.

Occurrence

Potassium and sodium sulfates and their double sulfates with calcium and magnesium occur naturally in various salt lakes. Potassium sulfate also occurs in certain volcanic lava. Its double salt with magnesium occurs in nature, as the mineral langbeinite.
Potassium sulfate is used in fertilizers as a source of potassium and sulfur, both of which are essential elements for plant growth. Either in sim-ple form or as a double salt with magnesium sulfate, potassium sulfate is one of the most widely consumed potassium salts in agricultural applications. It is preferred over potassium chloride for certain types of crops; such as, tobac-co, citrus, and other chloride-sensitive crops. Some other applications include making gypsum cements; to make potassium alum; in the analysis of Kjeldahl nitrogen; and in medicine.

Uses

Technical grades are used in fertilizers for manufacture of potassium alum, potassium carbonate and glass; the reagent grade is used in the Kjeldahl determination of nitrogen.

Uses

potassium sulfate is a reagent in cosmetics. Potassium sulfate is an inorganic salt with a primary function as a viscosity-increasing agent.

Uses

Potassium Sulfate is a flavoring agent that occurs naturally, consisting of colorless or white crystals or crystalline powder having a bitter, saline taste. it is prepared by the neutralization of sulfuric acid with potassium hydroxide or potassium carbonate.

Definition

A white crystallinepowder, K2SO4, soluble inwater and insoluble in ethanol;rhombic or hexagonal; r.d. 2.66; m.p.1069°C. It occurs naturally assch?nite (Strassfurt deposits) and inlake brines, from which it is separatedby fractional crystallization. Ithas also been produced by the Hargreavesprocess, which involves theoxidation of potassium chloride withsulphuric acid. In the laboratory itmay be obtained by the reaction ofeither potassium hydroxide or potassiumcarbonate with sulphuric acid.Potassium sulphate is used in cements,in glass manufacture, as afood additive, and as a fertilizer(source of K+) for chloride-sensitiveplants, such as tobacco and citrus.

Production Methods

Potassium sulfate is produced by various methods, selection of process depending on availability and cost of raw materials.
The salt may be obtained from its naturally occurring mineral, langbeinite,K2SO4?2MgSO4. The ore first is crushed and washed with water to separate sodium chloride. After that, magnetite is separated from the washed langbei-nite by magnetic separation. After the separation of these two major impuri-ties, the purified double salt is treated with an aqueous solution of potassium chloride to obtain potassium sulfate:
K2SO4?2MgSO4 + 4KCl →3K2SO4+ 2MgCl2
The solution is filtered to remove insoluble residues and the products are separated from their aqueous mixture by crystallization.
Potassium sulfate also is produced from the mineral kieserite, MgSO4?H2O by treatment with potassium chloride. The intermediate double salt obtained reacts further with potassium chloride to form potassium sulfate:MgSO4?H2O + 2KCl + 4H2O →K2SO4?MgSO4?6H2O + MgCl2
K2SO4?MgSO4?6H2O + 2KCl →2K2SO4+ MgCl2
Potassium sulfate is separated from the more soluble magnesium chloride by crystallization.
Also, potassium sulfate can be made by two other processes in which no naturally occurring mineral is employed. In the Mannheim process, the salt is produced by action of sulfuric acid on potassium chloride:2KCl + H2SO4→K2SO4+ 2HCl
In Hargreaves process, which is a slight variation of the Mannheim method, potassium sulfate is made by heating a mixture of potassium chlo-ride, sulfur dioxide, air and water:4KCl + 2SO2+ 2H2O + o2→2K2SO4+ 4HCl.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic to humans by ingestion. Moderately toxic experimentally by subcutaneous route. Swallowing large doses causes severe gastrointestinal tract effects. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of K2O and SOx. See also SULFATES.

Purification Methods

Potassium sulfate [7778-80-5] M 174.3, m 1069o, d 4 2.67 It crystallised from distilled water (4mL/g at 20o; 8mL/g at 100o) between 100o and 0o.

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potassium_sulfate
http://www.cropnutrition.com/potassium-sulfate
http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-potassium-sulfate-structure-uses-formula.html

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