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Polychloroprene

Product Name
Polychloroprene
CAS No.
9010-98-4
Chemical Name
Polychloroprene
Synonyms
gr-m;CR244;fs651;ec1368;nairit;duprene;svitpren;sovprene;neoprene;hibon5300
CBNumber
CB0414643
Molecular Formula
C4H5Cl
Formula Weight
88.5355
MOL File
9010-98-4.mol
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Polychloroprene Property

Melting point:
>260 °C
Density 
1.23 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
storage temp. 
-196°C
form 
chunks
color 
White to beige
CAS DataBase Reference
9010-98-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
3 (Vol. 19, Sup 7) 1987
EPA Substance Registry System
Chloroprene polymer (9010-98-4)
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Safety

Safety Statements 
24/25
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
EI9640000
Hazardous Substances Data
9010-98-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
205400
Product name
Polychloroprene
Purity
85% trans, 10% cis
Packaging
250g
Price
$179
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
205397
Product name
Polychloroprene
Purity
85% trans, 10% cis
Packaging
250g
Price
$179
Updated
2020/08/18
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Polychloroprene Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

white to beige chips or chunks

History

Polychloroprene was discovered in 1930 at E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co. inWilmington Delaware. The discovery grew out of a need to develop a synthetic substitute for natural rubber. DuPont first marketed this first commercially successful synthetic elastomer as DuPrene in 1933. In response to new technology development that significantly improved the product and manufacturing process, the name was changed to Neoprene in 1936. The current commercially acceptable generic name for this class of chlorinated elastomers is CR or chloroprene rubber.

polychloroprene structure

Uses

Polychloroprene is a (Solid) Mechanical rubber products, lining oil-loading hose and reaction equipment, adhesive cement, binder for rocket fuels, coatings for electric wiring, gaskets and seals. (Liquid) Specialty items made by dipping or electrophoresis from the latex. (Foam) Adhesive tape to replace metal fasteners for automotive accessories, seat cushions, carpet backing, sealant

Definition

ChEBI: A macromolecule composed of repeating (2Z)-2-chlorobut-2-ene-1,4-diyl units.

Production Methods

Commercial polychloroprene rubber is manufactured by aqueous free-radical emulsion polymerization followed by isolation of the solid polymer by one of several processes: freeze roll isolation, drum drying , extruder isolation, precipitation and drying or spray drying. Isolation of powdered polychloroprene has been reviewed. Of the methods cited, freeze roll and drum drying isolation are commercially important.
The large-scale commercial manufacture of polychloroprene consists of eight or nine unit operations:
(1) Monomer solution makeup Water solution makeup
(2) Emulsification
(3) Polymerization
(4) Stripping of residual monomer
(5) Peptization for chloroprene–sulfur copolymers
(6) Freeze roll isolation Drum drying
(7) Drying of freeze-rolled film
(8) Roping
(9) Cutting and packaging (25kg)

Preparation

Polychloroprene is made from one of two starting materials, acetylene or butadiene. Acetylene can be dimerized and then chloronated to form chloroprene. Alternatively, when adequate butadiene is available, this can be directly halogenated (eqs. 7 and 8). In either case, the chloroprene product can then be polymerized to polychloroprene. Essentially a butadiene elastomer with chlorine present in the backbone,the polymer exhibits excellent tensile strength and low hysteresis, much like natural rubber. Tensile strength properties up to 28 MPa are possible with the proper reinforcing system (see FILLERS). The polarity imparted by the chlorine atom improves the oil and solvent resistance approaching those of nitrile polymers. The polymer can be protected with para-phenylenediamine antiozonants to give ozone resistance, and heat aging is also good. As a result, chloroprene elastomers are used in a wide variety of applications needing a balance of such properties.

Hazard

Questionable carcinogen.

Industrial uses

One of the first synthetic rubbers used commercially to the rubber industry, neoprene is a polymer of chloroprene, 2-chlorobutadiene- 1,3. In the manufacturing process, acetylene, the basic raw material, is dimerized to vinylacetylene and then hydrochlorinated to the chloroprene monomer.
Sulfur is used to vulcanize some types of neoprene, but most of the neoprenes are vulcanized by the addition of basic oxides such as magnesium oxide and zinc oxide. The cure proceeds through reaction of the metal oxide with the tertiary allylic chlorine that arises from the small amount of 1,2-polymerization that occurs. Other compounding and processing techniques follow similar procedures and use the same equipment as for natural rubber. One of the outstanding characteristics of neoprene is the good tensile strength without the addition of carbon black filler. This versatility makes them useful in many applications requiring oil, weather, abrasion, or electrical resistance or combinations of these properties, such as wire and cable, hose, belts, molded and extruded goods, soles and heels, and adhesives.

Materials Uses

The most widely used contact adhesive is a solution of polychloroprene or modified polychloroprene in solvent blends of aromatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic hydrocarbons, esters, or ketones, for example, toluene–hexane–acetone. Viscosity, dry time needed before bonding, bond strength, and price are affected by the solvent. Using various combinations of the isomeric forms of polymerized 2- chlorobutadiene permits a fine-tuning of the crystallization rate of the dissolved polymer as the solvent evaporates. The polychloroprene may also be modified by the incorporation of methacrylic acid or mercaptans. Metal oxides (MgO and ZnO) that scavenge acids are often part of polychloroprene adhesives and also may act as cross-linking agents. Oxygen scavengers such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) [128-37-0] or naphthylamines [25168-10-9] are added to prevent dehydrochlorination. To build initial handling strength, the solvent-based polychloroprene contact adhesives may be modified with alkyl phenolics, terpene phenolics, or phenolic-modified rosin esters, the first of these being the most effective and least deleterious. Chlorinated rubbers are sometimes added to these adhesives to improve their adhesion to plasticized PVC and other plastics. Added just before adhesive application, isocyanates are useful in modification of polychloroprene contact adhesives, reacting perhaps through hydrolysis of the pendant allylic groups present from the small number of 1,2 isomeric segments. The remainder of the solvent-based contact adhesives are comprised of polyurethane, SBR, styrene–butadiene–styrene block polymers, butadiene–acrylonitrile rubber, natural rubber, or various acrylic or vinyl resins in suitable solvents.

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Polychloroprene Suppliers

Shanghai Meishui Chemical Technology Co., Ltd
Tel
021-60549325 18616193163
Fax
021-33250306
Email
mail@meishuichem.com
Country
China
ProdList
4537
Advantage
56
HBCChem, Inc.
Tel
+1-510-219-6317
Fax
+1-650-486-1361
Email
sales@hbcchem.com
Country
United States
ProdList
10659
Advantage
60
Chengdu HuaXia Chemical Reagent Co. Ltd
Tel
400-1166-196;028-84555506- ;028-84555506-
Fax
QQ:800101999
Email
cdhxsj@163.com;cdhxsj@163.com;cdhxsj@163.com
Country
China
ProdList
9975
Advantage
58
Wuhan Biocar Bio-Pharm Co., Ltd.
Tel
Fax
86-17717860417
Email
3520969276@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
2033
Advantage
50
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd
Tel
027-59599241- ;027-59599240-
Email
sales@hubeijusheng.com;sales@hubeijusheng.com
Country
China
ProdList
9865
Advantage
58
Chizhou Kailong Import and Export Trade Co., Ltd.
Tel
Please Email
Fax
-
Email
xg01_gj@163.com
Country
China
ProdList
9556
Advantage
50
Sigma-Aldrich
Tel
021-61415566- ;
Email
orderCN@merckgroup.com;orderCN@merckgroup.com
Country
China
ProdList
34885
Advantage
80
Shandong XiYa Chemical Industry Co., Ltd
Tel
;
Fax
0539-6365991
Email
3007715519@qq.com;3007715519@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
27148
Advantage
60
Shanghai Orgchem Co.,Ltd.
Tel
+86-21-5877 1921
Fax
+86-21-5877 1925
Email
info@chemofchina.com
Country
China
ProdList
9690
Advantage
55
Shandong Ono Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tel
0539-6362799(To 20)
Fax
0539-6362799(To 20)
Email
861669111@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
10002
Advantage
58
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View Lastest Price from Polychloroprene manufacturers

Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
Product
Polychloroprene 9010-98-4
Price
US $1.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
20T
Release date
2020-04-23
Career Henan Chemical Co
Product
3-Picoline-N-oxide 9010-98-4
Price
US $1.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
98% HPLC
Supply Ability
10 tons/month
Release date
2020-01-08

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