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Pirbuterol

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Pirbuterol Basic information

Product Name:
Pirbuterol
Synonyms:
  • Pirbuterol
  • 2,6-Pyridinedimethanol, a6-[[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]methyl]-3-hydroxy- (9CI)
  • 2-tert-Butylamino-1-(5-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-2-pyridyl)ethanol
  • 6-[2-(tert-Butylamino)-1-hydroxyethyl]-3-hydroxy-2-pyridinemethanol
  • 6-[2-(tert-butylamino)-1-hydroxyethyl]-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyridin-3-ol
  • 6-[(1S)-2-(tert-butylamino)-1-hydroxyethyl]-2-(hydroxymethyl)-3-pyridinol
  • Pirbuterol USP/EP/BP
CAS:
38677-81-5
MF:
C12H20N2O3
MW:
240.3
Mol File:
38677-81-5.mol
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Pirbuterol Chemical Properties

Boiling point:
489.3±40.0 °C(Predicted)
Density 
1.196±0.06 g/cm3(Predicted)
pka
pKa 8.01/10.64(H2O,t =25±0.05,I=0.010) (Uncertain)
CAS DataBase Reference
38677-81-5
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Pirbuterol Usage And Synthesis

Originator

Exirel ,Pfizer Taito ,Japan,1982

Uses

Bronchodilator.

Uses

This relatively selective β2-adrenergic receptor agonist is structurally very similar to albuterol, and it displays similar broncholytic properties. It is used as an inhaled drug for treating bronchial asthma.

Manufacturing Process

To 78 ml of a 1 M solution of diborane in tetrahydrofuran under nitrogen and cooled to 0°C is added dropwise over a period of 40 minutes 13.5 g of N-tertbutyl-2-(5-benzyloxy-6-hydroxymethyl-2-pyridyl)-2-hydroxyacetamide in 250 ml of the same solvent. The reaction mixture is allowed to stir at room temperature for 3.5 hours, and is then heated to reflux for 30 minutes and cooled to room temperature. Hydrogen chloride (70 ml, 1.34 N) in ethanol is added dropwise, followed by the addition of 300 ml of ether. The mixture is allowed to stir for 1 hour and is then filtered, yielding 11.0 g, melting point 202°C (dec.). The hydrochloride dissolved in water is treated with a sodium hydroxide solution to pH 11 and is extracted into chloroform (2 x 250 ml). The chloroform layer is dried over sodium sulfate, concentrated to dryness in vacuo, and the residue recrystallized from isopropyl ether, 3.78 g, melting point 81°C to 83.5°C.
A solution of 1.7 g of 2-hydroxymethyl-3-benzyloxy-(1-hydroxy-2-tert-butylaminoethyl)pyridine in 30 ml of methanol containing 1.2 ml of water is shaken with 700 mg of 5% palladiumon-charcoal in an atmosphere of hydrogen at atmospheric pressure. In 17 minutes the theoretical amount of hydrogen has been consumed and the catalyst is filtered. Concentration of the filtrate under reduced pressure provides 1.4 g of the crude product as an oil. Ethanol (5 ml) is added to the residual oil followed by 6 ml of 1.75 N ethanolic hydrogen chloride solution and, finally, by 5 ml of isopropyl ether. The precipitated product is filtered and washed with isopropyl ether containing 20% ethanol, 1.35 g, melting point 182°C (dec.).

brand name

Maxair (3M Pharmaceuticals).

Therapeutic Function

Bronchodilator

Chemical Synthesis

Pirbuterol, α(6)–[[[1,1-dimethylethyl]amino]methyl]-3-hydroxy-2,6-pyridindimethanol (23.3.22), is synthesized from 3-hydroxypyridine, which undergoes subsequent hydroxymethylation and further alkylation by benzylchloride at the aromatic hydroxyl group, giving 3-benzyloxy-2,6-bis-(hydroxymethyl)pyridine (23.3.17). Selective oxidation of the 6-hydroxymethyl group using manganese peroxide gives 3-benzyloxy-2- hydroxymethylpiperidine-6-aldehyde (23.3.18). Condensation of this with nitromethane gives the corresponding nitromethylcarbinol 23.3.19, the nitro group of which is reduced to an amine group by hydrogen using Raney nickel as a catalyst, which forms an aminoalcohol 23.3.20. Alkylation of the aminogroup with tert-butylbromide gives a secondary amine (23.3.21), and removing the protective benzyl group by hydrogen reduction forms pirbuterol (23.3.22) .

PirbuterolSupplier

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