Uses
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Titanium dioxide

Uses
Product Name
Titanium dioxide
CAS No.
13463-67-7
Chemical Name
Titanium dioxide
Synonyms
p25;ro2;TIO2;Ti02;e171;r680;kh360;rayox;kronos;tronox
CBNumber
CB0461627
Molecular Formula
O2Ti
Formula Weight
79.8658
MOL File
13463-67-7.mol
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Titanium dioxide Property

Melting point:
1840 °C
Boiling point:
2900 °C
Density 
4.26 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
2.61
Flash point:
2500-3000°C
storage temp. 
-20°C
solubility 
Practically insoluble in water. It does not dissolve in dilute mineral acids but dissolves slowly in hot concentrated sulfuric acid.
form 
powder
color 
White to slightly yellow
Specific Gravity
4.26
PH
7-8 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
Water Solubility 
insoluble
Merck 
14,9472
CAS DataBase Reference
13463-67-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Titanium dioxide(13463-67-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Titanium oxide (TiO2)(13463-67-7)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
Xn,Xi,C
Risk Statements 
20-36/37/38-20/21/22-38-20/21-10-36/38-22-36-34-40
Safety Statements 
26-36-25-2-36/37-45-36/37/39
RIDADR 
UN2920 - class 8 - PG 2 - EHS - basic - Corrosive liquids, flammable, n.o.s., HI: all
WGK Germany 
-
RTECS 
XR2275000
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
28230000
Hazardous Substances Data
13463-67-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 10000 mg/kg
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H226Flammable liquid and vapour

H302Harmful if swallowed

H304May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

H314Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

H318Causes serious eye damage

H335May cause respiratory irritation

H351Suspected of causing cancer

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

Precautionary statements

P201Obtain special instructions before use.

P202Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P210Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P301+P310IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P308+P313IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P370+P378In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

P405Store locked up.

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
14027
Product name
Titanium(IV) oxide
Purity
puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99-100.5%
Packaging
1kg
Price
$106
Updated
2018/11/13
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
14021
Product name
Titanium(IV) oxide
Purity
ReagentPlus , ≥99%
Packaging
1kg
Price
$65.9
Updated
2018/11/13
Alfa Aesar
Product number
010897
Product name
Titanium(IV) oxide, Puratronic?
Purity
99.995% (metals basis)
Packaging
50g
Price
$240
Updated
2018/11/20
Alfa Aesar
Product number
010897
Product name
Titanium(IV) oxide, Puratronic?
Purity
99.995% (metals basis)
Packaging
10g
Price
$72.8
Updated
2018/11/20
Strem Chemicals
Product number
93-2206
Product name
Titanium(IV) oxide, 99+%
Packaging
250g
Price
$22
Updated
2018/11/13
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Titanium dioxide Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Uses

Titanium (IV) dioxide (TiO2), also known as rutile, is one of the best-known compounds used as a paint pigment. It is ideal for paints exposed to severe temperatures and marine climates because of its inertness and self-cleaning attributes. It is also used in manufacture of glassware, ceramics, enamels, welding rods, and floor coverings.

Chemical Properties

The naturally occurring dioxide exists in three crystal forms: anatase, rutile and brookite. While rutile, the most common form, has an octahedral structure. Anatase and brookite have very distorted octahedra of oxygen atoms surrounding each titanium atom. In such distorted octahedral structures, two oxygen atoms are relatively closer to titanium than the other four oxygen atoms. Anatase is more stable than the rutile form by about 8 to 12 kJ/mol (Cotton, F.A., Wilkinson, G., Murillo, C.A and M Bochmann. 1999. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 6th ed, p. 697, New York: John Wiley & Sons) Other physical properties are: density 4.23g/cm3; Mohs hardness 5.8 g/cm3 ( anatase and brookite) and 6.2 g/cm3 ( rutile); index of refraction 2.488 (anatase), 2.583 (brookite) and 2.609 (rutile); melts at 1,843°C; insoluble in water and dilute acids; soluble in concentrated acids.

Chemical Properties

Ttitanium dioxide is an odorless white powder.

Chemical Properties

White, amorphous, odorless, and tasteless nonhygroscopic powder. Although the average particle size of titanium dioxide powder is less than 1 mm, commercial titanium dioxide generally occurs as aggregated particles of approximately 100 mm diameter.
Titanium dioxide may occur in several different crystalline forms: rutile; anatase; and brookite. Of these, rutile and anatase are the only forms of commercial importance. Rutile is the more thermodynamically stable crystalline form, but anatase is the form most commonly used in pharmaceutical applications.

Uses

Titanium dioxide is an extreme white and bright compound with high index of refraction. In paints it is a white pigment and an opacifying agent.It is in house paints, water paints, lacquers, enamels, paper filling and coating, rubber, plastics, printing ink, synthetic fabrics, floor coverings, and shoe whiteners. Also, it is used in colorants for ceramics and coatings for welding rods. A rutile form of the dioxide is used in synthetic gem stones.

Uses

Airfloated ilmenite is used for titanium pigment manufacture. Rutile sand is suitable for welding-rod-coating materials, as ceramic colorant, as source of titanium metal. As color in the food industry. Anatase titanium dioxide is used for welding-rod-coatings, acid resistant vitreous enamels, in specification paints, exterior white house paints, acetate rayon, white interior air-dry and baked enamels and lacquers, inks and plastics, for paper filling and coating, in water paints, tanners' leather finishes, shoe whiteners, and ceramics. High opacity and tinting values are claimed for rutile-like pigments.

Uses

titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the 21 FDA-approved sunscreen chemicals with an approved usage level of 2 to 25 percent. When applied, titanium dioxide remains on the skin’s surface, scattering uV light. It is often used in conjunction with other sunscreen chemicals to boost the product’s SPF value, thus reducing the risk of irritation or allergies attributed to excessive usage of chemical sunscreens. Its incorporation into sunscreen formulations, makeup bases, and daytime moisturizers depends on the particular size of titanium dioxide employed. The smaller the particle size, the more unobtrusive Tio2’s application. Large particles, on the other hand, leave a whitish wash or look on the skin. Some companies list “micro” or “ultra” when referring to the size of the titanium dioxide particle. According to some sources, titanium dioxide could be the ideal uVA/uVB protection component given its chemical, cosmetic, and physical characteristics. Titanium dioxide is also used to provide a white color to cosmetic preparations.

Uses

Titanium Dioxide is a white pigment that disperses in liquids and possesses great opacifying power. the crystalline modifications of titanium dioxide are rutile and anatase, of which only anatase finds use as a color additive.

Preparation

Titanium dioxide is mined from natural deposits. It also is produced from other titanium minerals or prepared in the laboratory. Pigment-grade dioxide is produced from the minerals, rutile and ilmenite. Rutile is converted to pigment grade rutile by chlorination to give titanium tetrachloride, TiCl4. Anhydrous tetrachloride is converted back to purified rutile form by vapor phase oxidation.
Anatase form is obtained by hydrolytic precipitation of titanium(IV) sulfate on heating. The mineral ilmenite is treated with concentrated sulfuric acid. Heating the sulfate solution precipitates hydrous titanium oxide. The precipitate is calcined to expel all water.
Titanium dioxide also can be prepared by heating Ti metal in air or oxygen at elevated temperatures.

Application

Industry
Application
Role/benefit
Pigment
Optical coating for dielectric mirrors and gemstones
Brightness and very high refractive index
Paper coating
Helps to make paper whiter, brighter and more opaque
Plastics, adhesives and rubber
Helps minimize the brittleness, fading and cracking that can occur as a result of light exposure
Food Contact materials and ingredients
Prevents premature degradation and enhance the longevity of the product
Paints
Gives paint its high gloss and rich depth of color
Ceramic glazes
Acts as an opacifier and seeds crystal formation
Cosmetic
Sunscreens
Active ingredients/high refractive index and strong UV light absorbing capabilities
Daily cosmetics or make-up materials
Additive/aids in hiding blemishes and brightening the skin
Toothpastes
Additive/helps to whiten tooth
Catalyst
Dye-sensitized solar cell
Can produce electricity in nanoparticle form
Hydrolysis reaction
Catalyzes the photo decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen
Automotive, power stations, etc.
Helps to removes harmful exhaust gas emissions, such as nitrous oxides, volatile organic compounds, etc.
Detoxification or remediation of wastewater
Photocatalytically mineralizes pollutants (to convert into CO2 and H2O) in waste water
Photocatalytic antimicrobial coating
Photocatalytic destruction of organic matter
Others
Oxygen sensor
The electrical resistivity of TiO2 can be correlated to the oxygen content of the atmosphere
Anti-fogging coatings and self-cleaning windows
Under exposure to UV light, TiO2 becomes increasingly hydrophilic
Coated ceramic tile
Disinfectant and self-cleaning qualities
Treatment of the air in fruit, vegetable and cut flower storage areas
Removes ethylene gas to prevent spoilage and prevents internal combustion
Memristor
Can be employed for solar energy conversion
Mixed conductor
Significant ionic and electronic conduction

Production Methods

Titanium dioxide occurs naturally as the minerals rutile (tetragonal structure), anatase (tetragonal structure), and brookite (orthorhombic structure).
Titanium dioxide may be prepared commercially by either the sulfate or chloride process. In the sulfate process a titanium containing ore, such as ilemenite, is digested in sulfuric acid. This step is followed by dissolving the sulfates in water, then precipitating the hydrous titanium dioxide using hydrolysis. Finally, the product is calcinated at high temperature. In the chloride process, the dry ore is chlorinated at high temperature to form titanium tetrachloride, which is subsequently oxidized to form titanium dioxide.

Production Methods

There are two major processes for the manufacture of titanium dioxide pigments, namely sulfate route and chloride route. In the sulfate process, the ore limonite, FeOTiO2, is dissolved in sulfuric acid and the resultant solution is hydrolyzed by boiling to produce a hydrated oxide, while the iron remains in solution. The precipitated titanium hydrate is washed and leached free of soluble impurities. Controlled calcinations at about 1000°C produce pigmentary titanium dioxide of the correct crystal size distribution; this material is then subjected to a finishing coating treatment and milling.
The chloride process uses gaseous chlorination of mineral rutile, followed by distillation and finally a vapor phase oxidation of the titanium tetrachloride.

Hazard

Lower respiratory tract irritant. Possible carcinogen.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Titanium dioxide is widely used in confectionery, cosmetics, and foods, in the plastics industry, and in topical and oral pharmaceutical formulations as a white pigment.
Owing to its high refractive index, titanium dioxide has lightscattering properties that may be exploited in its use as a white pigment and opacifier. The range of light that is scattered can be altered by varying the particle size of the titanium dioxide powder. For example, titanium dioxide with an average particle size of 230nm scatters visible light, while titanium dioxide with an average particle size of 60nm scatters ultraviolet light and reflects visible light.
In pharmaceutical formulations, titanium dioxide is used as a white pigment in film-coating suspensions, sugar-coated tablets, and gelatin capsules. Titanium dioxide may also be admixed with other pigments.
Titanium dioxide is also used in dermatological preparations and cosmetics, such as sunscreens.

Safety Profile

A nuisance dust. A human skin irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and tumorigenic data. Violent or incandescent reaction with metals at high temperatures (e.g., aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc, lithium). See also TITANIUM COMPOUNDS.

Safety

Titanium dioxide is widely used in foods and oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations. It is generally regarded as an essentially nonirritant and nontoxic excipient.

Potential Exposure

Titanium dioxide is a white pigment used as a pigment in paint; in the rubber, plastics, ceramics, paint, and varnish industries, in dermatological preparations; and is used as a starting material for other titanium compounds; as a gem; in curing concrete; and in coatings for welding rods. It is also used in paper and cardboard manufacture.

storage

Titanium dioxide is extremely stable at high temperatures. This is due to the strong bond between the tetravalent titanium ion and the bivalent oxygen ions. However, titanium dioxide can lose small, unweighable amounts of oxygen by interaction with radiant energy. This oxygen can easily recombine again as a part of a reversible photochemical reaction, particularly if there is no oxidizable material available. These small oxygen losses are important because they can cause significant changes in the optical and electrical properties of the pigment.
Titanium dioxide should be stored in a well-closed container, protected from light, in a cool, dry place.

Incompatibilities

Titanium dioxide is incompatible with strong oxidizers and strong acids. Violent or incandescent reactions may occur with metals (e.g., aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc, and lithium).

Incompatibilities

Owing to a photocatalytic effect, titanium dioxide may interact with certain active substances, e.g. famotidine. Studies have shown that titanium dioxide monatonically degrades film mechanical properties and increases water vapor permeability of polyvinyl alcohol coatings when used as an inert filler and whitener.
Titanium dioxide has also been shown to induce photooxidation of unsaturated lipids.

Waste Disposal

Land fill.

Regulatory Status

Accepted as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (dental paste; intrauterine suppositories; ophthalmic preparations; oral capsules, suspensions, tablets; topical and transdermal preparations). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

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Titanium dioxide Suppliers

Shanghai Macklin Biochemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel
15221275939
Fax
021-50706099
Email
shenlinxing@macklin.cn
Country
China
ProdList
15719
Advantage
55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD
Tel
021-20337333/400-620-6333
Fax
021-50323701
Email
sale@aladdin-e.com
Country
China
ProdList
24986
Advantage
65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96815
Advantage
76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
+86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
Fax
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing)
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40269
Advantage
62
future industrial shanghai co., ltd
Tel
400-0066-400;021-60496031
Fax
021-55660885
Email
sales@jonln.com
Country
China
ProdList
2040
Advantage
65
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30163
Advantage
84
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted
Tel
4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
Fax
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763
Email
sales@hwrkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
14684
Advantage
55
Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
Fax
021-58436166-800
Email
info@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
44025
Advantage
61
JinYan Chemicals(ShangHai) Co.,Ltd.
Tel
13817811078,021-50426030
Fax
86-021-50426522,50426273
Email
sales@jingyan-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
10011
Advantage
60
Adamas Reagent, Ltd.
Tel
400-600-9262
Email
bxy@titansci.com
Country
China
ProdList
13919
Advantage
59
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View Lastest Price from Titanium dioxide manufacturers

Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
Product
Titanium dioxide 13463-67-7
Price
US $1.23/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.50% IN STOCK
Supply Ability
35000 MT per month
Release date
2019-08-18
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
Product
rutile titanium dioxide 13463-67-7 TiO2 13463-67-7
Price
US $5.55/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.50% IN STOCK
Supply Ability
19000 MT per month
Release date
2019-08-18
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
Product
Titanium dioxide 13463-67-7 TiO2 13463-67-7
Price
US $3.55/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.50% IN STOCK
Supply Ability
12000 MT per month
Release date
2019-08-18

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