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Sodium perchlorate

Product Name
Sodium perchlorate
CAS No.
7601-89-0
Chemical Name
Sodium perchlorate
Synonyms
NaClO4;Natriumperchlorat;SodiuM perchlorat;SODIUM PERCHLORATE;Natriumperchloraat;perchloratedesodium;sodio(percloratodi);sodium perchlolorate;KM sodium perchlorate;Perchlorate de sodium
CBNumber
CB5242670
Molecular Formula
ClNaO4
Formula Weight
122.44037
MOL File
7601-89-0.mol
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Sodium perchlorate Property

Melting point:
468 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
decomposes [HAW93]
Density 
2,2 g/cm3
storage temp. 
Store at room temperature.
solubility 
water: soluble2096g/L at 20°C
form 
Liquid
Specific Gravity
2.5
color 
White
PH
6.0-8.0 (25℃, 5%)
Water Solubility 
209 G/100 ML (15 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,8653
Stability:
Unstable. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials can cause fire. Shock sensitive and potentially explosive. Incompatible with a wide range of materials, including organics and other combustibles, powdered metals, acids, reducing agents. Very hygroscopic. Heat sensitive.
InChIKey
BAZAXWOYCMUHIX-UHFFFAOYSA-M
CAS DataBase Reference
7601-89-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Sodium perchlorate(7601-89-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Perchloric acid, sodium salt (1:1) (7601-89-0)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
O,Xn
Risk Statements 
9-22-48/22-36
Safety Statements 
13-22-27
RIDADR 
UN 1502 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
SC9800000
3
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
5.1
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
28299000
Hazardous Substances Data
7601-89-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orl-rat: 2100 mg/kg GTPZAB17(8),33,73
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H271May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser

H302Harmful if swallowed

H319Causes serious eye irritation

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

Precautionary statements

P220Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.

P221Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/…

P283Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P306+P360IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse Immediately contaminated CLOTHING and SKIN with plenty of water before removing clothes.

P371+P380+P375in case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
SX0692
Product name
Sodium Perchlorate
Purity
anhydrous, Meets ACS Specifications, Meets Reagent Specifications for testing USP/NF monographs GR ACS
Packaging
1 kg
Price
$223.85
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
410241
Product name
Sodium perchlorate
Purity
ACS reagent, ≥98.0%
Packaging
2.5kg
Price
$530
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
410241
Product name
Sodium perchlorate
Purity
ACS reagent, ≥98.0%
Packaging
12kg
Price
$1800
Updated
2021/03/22
Alfa Aesar
Product number
011623
Product name
Sodium perchlorate, anhydrous, ACS, 98.0-102.0%
Packaging
100g
Price
$37.8
Updated
2020/06/24
Alfa Aesar
Product number
011623
Product name
Sodium perchlorate, anhydrous, ACS, 98.0-102.0%
Packaging
500g
Price
$105
Updated
2020/06/24
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Sodium perchlorate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

Sodium perchlorate, NaCl04, is a flammable, white crystalline deliquescent solid that melts at 482 °C(899.6 °F). Soluble in water and alcohol, it is used as an analytical reagent. Sodium perchlorate is explosive in nature when in contact with concentrated sulfuric acid and finds use in explosives and jet fuels.

Uses

It is used in electrolyte; oxidimetric standard.

Uses

A chaotropic agent used in DNA extraction and hybridization

Definition

ChEBI: An inorganic sodium salt comprising equal numbers of sodium and perchlorate ions.

General Description

White crystalline solid. Noncombustible but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved in a fire or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Used in chemical analysis and in explosives.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Sodium perchlorate is a strong oxidizing agent. Explosively decomposed at over 130°C [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. A mixture with powdered magnesium is a friction-sensitive mixture [Safety Eng. Reports 1947]. A mixture with ammonium nitrate is used as an explosive [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:608 1956]. A 1:1 mixture of the perchlorate and hydrazine exploded upon grinding, [Chem. Abs., 1969, 70, 53524].

Hazard

Dangerous fire and explosion risk in contact with organic materials and sulfuric acid.

Health Hazard

Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. A powerful oxidizer. Forms explosive mixture with acetone, 1,3-butylene glycol, 2,3butylene glycol, CaH2, charcoal, daminoethane, dimethyl formamide, ethanolamine, ethylene glycol, formamide, galactose, glycerin, hydrazine, water, NH4NO3, Mg, reducing agents, SrH2, urea. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland NazO. See also PERCHLORATES.

Purification Methods

Because its solubility in water is high (2.1g/mL at 15o) and it has a rather low-temperature coefficient of solubility, sodium perchlorate is usually crystallised from acetone, MeOH, water/ethanol or dioxane/water (33g dissolved

Sodium perchlorate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

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Sodium perchlorate Suppliers

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