Chemical properties Solubility in water Sodium formate and calcium formate Uses Production method
ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > Sodium formate

Sodium formate

Chemical properties Solubility in water Sodium formate and calcium formate Uses Production method
Product Name
Sodium formate
CAS No.
141-53-7
Chemical Name
Sodium formate
Synonyms
E237;Formax;5.3-ABC;salachlor;HCOONA.2H2O;SOD.FORMATE;SODIUM FORMAT;mravencansodny;SODIUM FORMATE;Natriumformiat
CBNumber
CB7353022
Molecular Formula
CHNaO2
Formula Weight
68.01
MOL File
141-53-7.mol
More
Less

Sodium formate Property

Melting point:
259-262 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
360 °C
Density 
1.16 g/mL at 20 °C
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
H2O: 8 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
form 
Crystalline Powder
Specific Gravity
1.92
color 
White to off-white
Odor
Slight formic acid odour
PH
7.0-8.5 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
PH Range
7 - 8.5
Water Solubility 
Soluble
λmax
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Hydrolytic Sensitivity
0: forms stable aqueous solutions
Merck 
14,8621
BRN 
3595134
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids. Protect from moisture.
CAS DataBase Reference
141-53-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Sodium methanoate(141-53-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Sodium formate (141-53-7)
More
Less

Safety

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38-67-36
Safety Statements 
26-37/39-36-24/25
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
LR0350000
3-9
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
2915 12 00
Hazardous Substances Data
141-53-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 3000 mg/kg
More
Less

Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

More
Less

N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
107603
Product name
Sodium formate
Purity
reagent grade, 97%
Packaging
1kg
Price
$47.7
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
1.06443
Product name
Sodium formate
Purity
for analysis EMSURE? ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
Packaging
500 g
Price
$106.37
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
107603
Product name
Sodium formate
Purity
reagent grade, 97%
Packaging
4kg
Price
$119
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
1.06443
Product name
Sodium formate
Purity
for analysis EMSURE? ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
Packaging
50 kg
Price
$5651.75
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
S0807
Product name
Sodium Formate
Purity
>97.0%(T)
Packaging
500g
Price
$34
Updated
2021/03/22
More
Less

Sodium formate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical properties

It is a white powder, with water absorption and a slight odor of formic acid. It is dissolved in water and glycerol, slightly soluble in ethanol and insoluble in ether.

Solubility in water

Dissolved quantity per 100 ml of water at different temperatures (℃) in grams:
43.9g/0 ℃, 62.5g/10 ℃, 81.2g/20 ℃, 102g/30 ℃, 108g/40 ℃
122g/60 ℃, 138g/80 ℃, 147g/90 ℃, 160g/100 ℃

Sodium formate and calcium formate

Sodium formate and calcium formate are two kinds of common metal salts of formic acid, sodium formate, also known as sodium formate, There are two kinds of molecular forms of sodium formate compounds in nature:
① as a white crystalline powder, anhydrous sodium formate is slightly hygroscopic, poisonous. The relative density is 1.92 (20 ℃), m.p. is 253 ℃. It is dissolved in water, slightly soluble in ethanol and insoluble in ether.
② sodium formate dihydrate is colorless crystals. With slight formic acid odor, it is toxic. It is dissolved in water and glycerine, slightly soluble in ethanol. It broke down into hydrogen and sodium oxalate under strong heat, and finally converted into sodium carbonate. It is produced by the interaction of formic acid and sodium hydroxide.
The main purpose of sodium formate as follows:
Sodium formate can be used as chemical analysis reagent, used for determination of arsenic and phosphorus, also used as a disinfectant, mordant and so on. Powdered sodium formate is used in industrial instand of formic acid to improve the performance of limestone FGD systems, the advantage is application safety and health.
Preparation of sodium formate: Sodium bicarbonate reacts with formic acid in laboratory, remain the solution basic, remove Fe3 +, filtered, and add formic acid into the filtrate, and the solution was acidic, then evaporate, crystallize to obtain crude sodium.
Calcium is a free-flowing white crystalline powder, with mouldproof, fungicidal, antibacterial effects, is an organic acid feed additive. Its content is 99%, with 69% formic acid, 31% calcium, low water content. This product has a high melting point, is not easy to be destroyed in the particle mass. Feed is added 0.9% to 1.5%. This product is broken down into formic acid in the stomach, reduces the pH of the stomach, maintains digestive acidity, prevents the growth of bacteria to control and prevent bacterial infection-related diarrhea. Trace acid activates pepsinogen role in enhancing the absorption of active ingredients in feed, and producing chelation with minerals in feed to promote digestion and absorption of minerals, also be used as a supplement of calcium. For the prevention of diarrhea of piglets and improve survival, promote feed conversion and daily gain.
The above information is collected and finished by Xiaonan of Chemicalbook.

Uses

1. Sodium formate is mainly for the production of formic acid, oxalic acid and insurance powder and so on.
2. It is used as the reagent for the determination of phosphorus and arsenic, disinfectant and mordant.
3. It is used as preservatives, with diuretic effect. It is mutatis mutandis in EEC countries, but the British are not allowed to use.
4. Sodium formate is used as intermediates in the production of formic acid and oxalic acid, but also for the production of dimethyl formamide, also used in medicine, printing and dyeing industry. It is also heavy metal precipitant.
5. It is used as alkyd paints, plasticizers, high explosives, acid-resistant materials, aviation lubricants, additives of adhesives.
6. It is used for precipitating noble metal, may form trivalent metal complex ions in the solution. With buffer effect, it can be used for correcting pH value of strong mineral acids to be higher. It is precipitant of heavy metal.

Production method

1. It is obtained in industrial by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide at 150-170 ℃, about 2MPa. In fact, the production process of sodium formate is part of the production of sodium oxalate, the concentration of sodium hydroxide solution for absorbing the reaction was 25%-30%. Sodium formate can be produced by the reaction of formic acid with oxygen or sodium bicarbonate. Material consumption fixed: Carbon monoxide (> 28%) 1630kg/t, caustic soda (> 30%) 2160kg/t. 2. It is the byproduct of pentaerythritol.
2. It is obtained by the reaction of carbon monoxide with sodium hydroxide at 160 ℃, 2MPa.

Description

Sodium formate, HCOONa, is the sodium salt of formic acid, HCOOH. It usually appears as a white deliquescent powder.

Chemical Properties

white crystals

Physical properties

White crystals; slightly hygroscopic; faint odor of formic acid; density 1.92 g/cm3; melts at 253°C; decomposes on further heating, first forming sodium oxalate and hydrogen and then sodium carbonate; very soluble in water; the aqueous solution neutral, pH about 7; soluble in glycerol; slightly soluble in alcohol; insoluble in ether.

Uses

Sodium formate is used in several fabric dyeing and printing processes. It is also used as a buffering agent for strong mineral acids to increase their pH, and as a food additive ( E237 ) .

Uses

Precipitant for noble metals.

Uses

In dyeing and printing fabrics; also In animal chemistry as a precipitant for the "noble" metals. Solubilizes trivalent metal ions in solution by forming complex ions. Buffering action adjusts the pH of strong mineral acids to higher values.

Definition

ChEBI: An organic sodium salt which is the monosodium salt of formic acid.

Preparation

Sodium formate can be prepared in the laboratory by neutralizing formic acid with sodium carbonate. It can also be obtained by reacting chloroform with an alcoholic solution of sodium hydroxide.
CHCl3 + 4NaOH → HCOONa + 3NaCl + 2H2O
or by reacting sodium hydroxide with chloral hydrate.
C2HCl3(OH)2 + NaOH → CHCl3 + HCOONa + H2O
The latter method is, in general, preferred to the former because the low aqueous solubility of CHCl3 makes it easier to separate out from the sodium formate solution, by fractional crystallization, than the soluble NaCl would be.
For commercial use, sodium formate is produced by absorbing carbon monoxide under pressure in solid sodium hydroxide at 160 °C.
CO + NaOH → HCOONa
Sodium formate may also be created via the haloform reaction between ethanol and sodium hypochlorite in the presence of a base.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NazO. See also FORMIC ACID.

Purification Methods

A saturated aqueous solution at 90o (0.8mL water/g) is filtered and allowed to cool slowly. (The final temperature should be above 30o to prevent formation of the hydrate.) After two such crystallissations, the crystals are dried in an oven at 130o, then under high vacuum. [Westrum et al. J Phys Chem 64 1553 1960, Roecker & Meyer J Am Chem Soc 108 4066 1986.] The salt has also been recrystallised twice from 1mM DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, which was recrystallised 4x from MilliQ water and dried in a vacuum), then twice from water [Bielski & Thomas J Am Chem Soc 109 7761 1987]. [Beilstein 2 IV 3.]

More
Less

Sodium formate Suppliers

Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30160
Advantage
84
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD
Tel
021-20337333-801
Fax
021-50323701
Email
market@aladdin-e.com
Country
China
ProdList
24981
Advantage
65
Liaocheng Yuze Chemical Products Co., Ltd.
Email
13589473332@163.com;13589473332@163.com
Country
China
ProdList
26
Advantage
58
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
Tel
022-66880623;022-89880623
Fax
86(0)22-66880086
Email
sales@tjzxchem.com;sales@tjzxchem.com
Country
China
ProdList
617
Advantage
60
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96815
Advantage
76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40265
Advantage
62
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Fax
021-67121385
Email
Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com
Country
China
ProdList
24555
Advantage
81
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
010-60275820-
Fax
010-60270825
Email
elainezt@sina.com
Country
China
ProdList
1401
Advantage
62
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted
Tel
0757-86329057-
Fax
0757-86311057
Email
kennyrong@hwrkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
17296
Advantage
55
Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009-
Fax
021-58436166
Email
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
44043
Advantage
61
More
Less

View Lastest Price from Sodium formate manufacturers

Hebei Dongdu Import and Export Co. LTD
Product
Sodium Formate 141-53-7
Price
US $3500.00/Kg/Bag
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.9%
Supply Ability
20tons
Release date
2021-03-02
Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co.LTD
Product
Sodium formate 141-53-7
Price
US $10.00/ASSAYS
Min. Order
1ASSAYS
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
500ton/month
Release date
2019-04-24
Hebei Henghe Import and Export Trading Co. LTD
Product
Sodium Formate 141-53-7
Price
US $6.00/KG
Min. Order
100KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
20
Release date
2020-11-25

141-53-7, Sodium formateRelated Search:


  • formatedesodium
  • Formax
  • Formic acid, Na salt
  • Mravencan sodny
  • mravencansodny
  • Sodium formate, hydrated
  • Sodium formate, refined
  • Sodiumformate,dihydrate
  • sodiummethanoate
  • FORMIC ACID SODIUM SALT
  • salachlor
  • SODIUM FORMATE, HYDRATE
  • SODIUM FORMIATE
  • SODIUM FORMATE
  • Formic acid, sodium salt,99%
  • HCOONA.2H2O
  • Sodium formate, ACS min
  • Sodium Formate, Crystal
  • Sodium formate,Formic acid sodium salt
  • Sodium formate, HPLC grade
  • SodiuM forMateHCOONa
  • ForMic acid, sodiuM salt, 99% 1KG
  • SODIUM FORMATE FOR ANALYSIS EMSURE
  • SodiuM forMate 99.998% trace Metals basis
  • E237
  • Sodium formate ACS reagent, >=99.0%
  • Sodium formate Vetec(TM) reagent grade, 97%
  • Crystallization solution 33/Fluka-Kit-No 82009
  • Sodium formate, For analysis ACS
  • sodium formate dl-hydrate
  • Manufacturers wholesale Sodium formate with best price and high quality CAS NO.141-53-7
  • Sodium formate dehydrate
  • Sodium formateACS reagent, ≥ 99.0% (Titration)
  • 5.3-ABC
  • SODIUM FORMATE, REAGENT (ACS)SODIUM FORMATE, REAGENT (ACS)SODIUM FORMATE, REAGENT (ACS)
  • SODIUM FORMATE XTL
  • formic acid sodium sigmaultra
  • SODIUM FORMAT
  • SODIUM FORMATE 96-97%.
  • SODIUM FORMATE 97% MIN
  • SODIUM FORMATE RECOVER FROM SODIUM HYDRO PLANT
  • SOD.FORMATE
  • SODIUM FORMATE TECHNICAL GRADE
  • SODIUM FORMATE ACS REAGENT
  • SODIUM FORMATE EXTRA PURE
  • SUCROSE, A.C.S. REAGENT
  • SODIUM FORMATE, 99.998%
  • SODIUM FORMATE REAGENT GRADE 97%
  • SODIUM FORMATE, ACS
  • SODIUM FORMATE 4 M SOLUTION*
  • SODIUM FORMATE SOLUTION 7M
  • SodiumFormateCHNaO2
  • SodiumFormateA.R.
  • SodiumFormate>98%
  • SodiumFormateGr
  • SODIUM FORMATE REAGENT (ACS)
  • sodium formate solution
  • SODIUMFORMATE,CRYSTAL,REAGENT,ACS