Outline Half-life Recrystallization Solubility in water(g/100ml) The main application areas Toxicity Storage precautions Chemical properties Uses Production method Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Explosive hazardous characteristics Flammability hazard characteristic Storage characteristics Extinguishing agent Professional standards
ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > Potassium persulfate

Potassium persulfate

Outline Half-life Recrystallization Solubility in water(g/100ml) The main application areas Toxicity Storage precautions Chemical properties Uses Production method Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Explosive hazardous characteristics Flammability hazard characteristic Storage characteristics Extinguishing agent Professional standards
Product Name
Potassium persulfate
CAS No.
7727-21-1
Chemical Name
Potassium persulfate
Synonyms
KPS;anthion;Virkon S;BETZ 2701;PERSULPHATE;NP A SOLUTION;Potassum Suphates;SULPHATE STANDARD;POTASSIUM SULPHATE;POTTASSIUM SULPHATE
CBNumber
CB6854294
Molecular Formula
K2O8S2
Formula Weight
270.32
MOL File
7727-21-1.mol
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Potassium persulfate Property

Melting point:
1067 °C
Boiling point:
1689 °C
Density 
2.47
vapor density 
9.3 (vs air)
storage temp. 
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
solubility 
H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
form 
Solid
Specific Gravity
2.477
color 
White
Odor
Odorless
PH
3.2 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
PH Range
2.5 - 4.5
Water Solubility 
5 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Merck 
14,7656
Stability:
Stable. Strong oxidizer. Incompatible with strong reducing agents, organic materials, combustible materials.
InChIKey
USHAGKDGDHPEEY-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS DataBase Reference
7727-21-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Potassium persulfate (7727-21-1)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
O,Xn
Risk Statements 
8-22-36/37/38-42/43
Safety Statements 
22-24-26-37
RIDADR 
UN 1492 5.1/PG 3
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
TT5900000
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
2833 40 00
HazardClass 
5.1
PackingGroup 
III
Hazardous Substances Data
7727-21-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 802 mg/kg
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H272May intensify fire; oxidizer

H302Harmful if swallowed

H315Causes skin irritation

H317May cause an allergic skin reaction

H319Causes serious eye irritation

H334May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled

H335May cause respiratory irritation

Precautionary statements

P220Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.

P221Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/…

P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P284Wear respiratory protection.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P342+P311IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P405Store locked up.

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
1.05091
Product name
Potassium peroxodisulfate
Purity
for analysis EMSURE?
Packaging
250 g
Price
$29.04
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
216224
Product name
Potassium persulfate
Purity
ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Packaging
5g
Price
$35.1
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
216224
Product name
Potassium persulfate
Purity
ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Packaging
100g
Price
$49
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
1.05091
Product name
Potassium peroxodisulfate
Purity
for analysis EMSURE?
Packaging
1 kg
Price
$72.8
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
1.05092
Product name
Potassium peroxodisulfate
Purity
for analysis (<= 0.001% N) EMSURE? ACS,Reag. Ph Eur
Packaging
250 g
Price
$75.66
Updated
2021/03/22
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Potassium persulfate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Outline

Potassium persulfate (Formula is K2S2O8) is also known as potassium peroxydisulfate, molecular weight is 270.32, decomposition temperature is 50-60℃, it is white, odorless crystal, it is soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol, it has strong oxidizing, it is commonly used as bleaching agents, oxidizing agents, it can be used as the polymerization initiator, it almost does not absorb moisture, it has good stability at room temperature, it is easy to be stored, and it has the advantages of convenience and safety, etc. . Applications involves polymerization initiator, circuit board cleaning and etching, copper and aluminum surface activation, modified starch, pulp and textile bleaching and desizing low temperature, circulating water purification treatment systems, oxidative degradation of harmful gases, low formaldehyde adhesive stick together accelerated oxidation of ethanol and aromatic hydrocarbons, disinfectants, hair dye decolorization.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Wang Xiaodong.

Half-life

80℃-1.5 hours; 70℃-7.7 hours; 60℃-33 hours; 45℃-292 hours; 35℃-1600 hours.

Recrystallization

Potassium persulfate dissolves in 30℃ water, cools, then the recrystallized product can be obtained, it is filtered and dried under reduced pressure in the presence of calcium chloride.

Solubility in water(g/100ml)

Grams which dissolves in per 100 ml of water: 4.7g/20 ℃.

The main application areas

Potassium persulfate is mainly used as initiator and strong oxidizing agents.
Initiator:
Potassium persulfate is the initiator of latex or solution polymerization of acrylic monomers, vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride and other product, and it is also the initiator of styrene, acrylonitrile, butadiene and the like emulsion for copolymerisation.
Strong oxidizing agent:
1. It is used as desizing agent and bleach activator.
2. It is used for oxidative degradation of harmful substances in pool and closed circular loop in water.
3. It can be applied in the production of starch modifier and applied in the production of adhesive and coating agent.
4. It can be applied in the branched-chain oxidation, alcohol and aromatic hydroxy oxidation.
5. It is one of the basic constituent of hair dyes, it plays the role of decolorization.

Toxicity

The amount is not specified (FAO/WHO, 2001).
Potassium persulfate powder has stimulating effect on nasal mucosa, packaging should be ventilated to prevent dust. Labour protection appliance should be dressed at work.

Storage precautions

Potassium persulfate is non-flammable, it is combustion-supporting which due to it can release of oxygen, storage environment must be dry and clean, well-ventilated. Pay attention to moisture and rain, it should not be transported in rain. Keep away from fire, heat and direct sunlight. It should be kept sealed packaging, labels should be intact and clear. It should be stored separately with flammable or combustible materials, organic compounds, as well as rust, small amount of metal, and other reducing substance, it should avoid mix to prevent causing decomposition of potassium persulfate and explosion.

Chemical properties

It is colorless or white triclinic crystalline powder. It is soluble in water, the solubility is 1.75g/100ml water at 0℃, the solubility is 5.3g/100ml water at 20℃. It is insoluble in alcohol. Queous solution is acidic.

Uses

It can be used as gluten agent of wheat flour.
It is mainly used as a disinfectant and fabric bleach. It can be used as industrial oxidant in dyes and inorganic salts. It can be used as emulsion polymerization initiators in synthetic rubber industry. It can be used as polymerization accelerator in synthetic resin. In addition, it can also be used in the steel, photographic industry and medicine.
It can be used as analytical reagents, oxidants and plastic initiator, it can also be used in the film photofinishing.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Wang Xiaodong.

Production method

Potassium sulfate method
Ammonium sulfate and sulfuric acid formulates to form liquid electrolyte, it is decontaminated by electrolysis, HSO4-can discharge and generate peroxydisulfate acidat in the anode, and then reacts with ammonium sulfate to generate ammonium persulfate, Then replacement reaction can happen when potassium is added . The finished product of potassium persulfate can be obtained after cooling, separation, crystallization, drying.
Anode reaction: 2HSO4-2e → H2S2O8
Cathodic reaction: 2H ++ 2e → H2 ↑
(NH4) 2SO4 + H2S2O8 → (NH4) 2S2O8 + H2SO4
(NH4) 2S2O8 + K2SO4 + H2SO4 → K2S2O8 + 2NH4HSO4
It can be derived by replacement reaction with ammonium persulfate potassium sulfate, then it goes through cooling, separation, crystallization, drying.

Category

oxidant

Toxicity grading

Mid toxicity.

Acute toxicity

Oral-rat LD50: 802 mg/kg.

Explosive hazardous characteristics

It can explode when mixes with reductant, sulfur, phosphorus; It can explode when be heated, impacted, and meets fire.

Flammability hazard characteristic

Thermal decomposition can get oxygen; toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides can generate after combustion.

Storage characteristics

Treasury should have ventilation and be low-temperature drying; loading and unloading should be light; it should be stored separately with organic matter, reducing agents, sulfur, phosphorus combustibles.

Extinguishing agent

Mist of water, sand, foam.

Professional standards

TWA 2 mg/m.

Chemical Properties

colourless odourless crystals or white powder

Chemical Properties

Potassium persulfate is a colorless or white, odorless crystalline material.

Physical properties

Colorless or white crystals; triclinic structure; density 2.477 g/cm3; stable in solid crystalline form; decomposes on heating, evolving oxygen; completely decomposes at about 100°C; sparingly soluble in cold water 1.75 g/100mL at 0°C; moderately soluble at ordinary temperature, 5.29 g/100 mL at 20°C;aqueous solution acidic and unstable, decomposing slowly at room temperature and more rapidly when the solution is warmed; insoluble in alcohol.

Uses

Bleaching fabrics, soaps; in photography under the name Anthion to remove last traces of thiosulfate from plates and paper; in analytical chemistry.

Preparation

Potassium persulfate can be prepared by electrolysis of a mixture of potassium sulfate and potassium hydrogen sulfate at a high current density:
2KHSO4→K2S2O8+ H2
Also, the compound can be prepared by adding potassium hydrogen sulfate,KHSOto an electrolyzed solution of ammonium hydrogen sulfate, NH4HSO4.

General Description

A white crystalline solid. Specific gravity 2.477. Decomposes below 100°C.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble. Slowly decomposed by water. The salt rapidly liberates oxygen when heated, and especially so when wet.

Reactivity Profile

Potassium persulfate is an oxidizing agent. Noncombustible but accelerates the burning of combustible material. Potassium persulfate plus a little potassium hydroxide and water released sufficient heat and oxygen to ignite a polythene (polyethylene) liner in a container. [MCA Case History 1155. 1955].

Hazard

Strong irritant and oxidizing agent. Fire risk in contact with organic materials.

Health Hazard

Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

Agricultural Uses

Potassium sulphate, also called sulphate of potash, is a white crystalline material, moderately hygroscopic, available in fine, granular and semi-granular forms. It contains 48 to 54% potassium (as K2O) and supplies 17 to 20 % of sulphate. Chloride-sensitive crops like tobacco, grapes and potato require chloride-free potassium fertilizers. Therefore, these crops are fertilized with potassium sulphate, although this is more expensive than potassium chloride. These three crops, being major crops, account for about 7% of the total potash consumption. For best results, potassium sulphate should contain at least 50 % potash by weight.
Potassium sulphate occurs in nature as 'langbeinite' , a double sulphate of potassium and magnesium (K2SO4?2MgSO4) and made from burkeite (Na2CO3?2Na2SO4), kainite (KCl?MgS04?3H2O) or potassium chloride (KCl) as follows:
When applied to soil, potassium ion from the watersoluble potassium sulphate is retained in the soil colloids and not easily leached out. This makes potassium sulphate an excellent fertilizer, useful for all soils and crops while sowing or before sowing. It is also a safe ingredient of powdered, mixed fertilizers.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. An irritant and allergen. A powerful oxidtzer. Flammable when exposed to heat or by chemical reaction. Can react with reducing materials. It liberates oxygen above 100' when dry or @ about 50' when in solution. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of SOx,, S2O8, and K2O.

Potential Exposure

Potassium persulfate is used as a bleaching and oxidizing agent; it is used in redox polymeri- zation catalysts; in the defiberizing of wet strength paper and in the desizing of textiles. Soluble in water.

Shipping

UN1492 Potassium persulfate, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the persulfate twice from distilled water (10mL/g) and dry it at 50o in a vacuum desiccator. Its solubility in H2O is 1.6% at 0o, 4.5% at 20o, and 7.2% at 30o. An aqueous solution decomposes on long standing with evolution of O2 and formation of KHSO4. It is a powerful oxidising agent. Store it at ~10o. [Fehér in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 390 1963.]

Incompatibilities

A strong oxidizer. Incompatible with combustible, organic or other readily oxidizable materials; sulfur, metallic dusts, such as aluminum dust; chlorates and perchlorates. Attacks chemically active metals. Keep away from moisture.

Waste Disposal

Use large volumes of reducing agents (bisulfites, e.g.). Neutralize with soda ash and drain into sewer with abundant water.

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Potassium persulfate Suppliers

United Initiators
Tel
021-61172760-617;
Fax
021-61172237
Email
yong.jian.lu@united-in.com;yong.jian.lu@united-in.com
Country
China
ProdList
2
Advantage
58
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30159
Advantage
84
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD
Tel
021-20337333-801
Fax
021-50323701
Email
market@aladdin-e.com
Country
China
ProdList
24980
Advantage
65
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
Tel
022-66880623;022-89880623
Fax
86(0)22-66880086
Email
sales@tjzxchem.com;sales@tjzxchem.com
Country
China
ProdList
617
Advantage
60
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96500
Advantage
76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40264
Advantage
62
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
Fax
86 (10) 60270825
Email
dtftchem@sina.com
Country
China
ProdList
3392
Advantage
62
Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009-
Fax
021-58436166
Email
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
42923
Advantage
61
Beijing Ouhe Technology Co., Ltd
Tel
010-82967028-
Fax
+86-10-82967029
Email
2355560935@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
12282
Advantage
60
JinYan Chemicals(ShangHai) Co.,Ltd.
Tel
13817811078,021-50426030
Fax
86-021-50426522,50426273
Email
sales@jingyan-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
10006
Advantage
60
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View Lastest Price from Potassium persulfate manufacturers

Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
Potassium persulfate 7727-21-1
Price
US $10.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
20 tons
Release date
2021-07-14
Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
Potassium persulfate 7727-21-1
Price
US $10.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.9%
Supply Ability
100MT/Month
Release date
2021-07-05
Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd
Product
Potassium Persulfate 7727-21-1
Price
US $9.00/ASSAYS
Min. Order
1ASSAYS
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
10000kg
Release date
2021-07-06

7727-21-1, Potassium persulfateRelated Search:


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