Chemical properties Uses Toxicity Content analysis Usage limit Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount Preparation Toxic classification poisoning Storage and transport characteristics Fire extinguishing agent
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Potassium sorbate

Chemical properties Uses Toxicity Content analysis Usage limit Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount Preparation Toxic classification poisoning Storage and transport characteristics Fire extinguishing agent
Product Name
Potassium sorbate
CAS No.
590-00-1
Chemical Name
Potassium sorbate
Synonyms
bbpowder;FEMA 2921;sorbistat-k;potssium sorbate;Potassium sorbate;POTASSIUM SARBATE;sorbistat-potassium;PotassiuM Sorbate FCC;Potassium sorbate CRS;Potassium Sorbate, NF
CBNumber
CB3294185
Molecular Formula
C6H7KO2
Formula Weight
150.22
MOL File
590-00-1.mol
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Potassium sorbate Property

Melting point:
270 °C
Density 
1.3630
FEMA 
2921 | POTASSIUM SORBATE
solubility 
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless to faintly yellow
CAS DataBase Reference
590-00-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
2,4-Hexadienoic acid, potassium salt (1:1) (590-00-1)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38
Safety Statements 
26
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
WG2170000
Hazardous Substances Data
590-00-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
47848
Product name
Potassium Sorbate
Purity
analytical standard
Packaging
1000 mg
Price
$18
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
85520
Product name
Potassium sorbate
Purity
purum p.a., ≥99.0% (NT)
Packaging
50 g
Price
$29.6
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
359769
Product name
trans,trans-2,4-Hexadienoic acid potassium salt
Purity
ReagentPlus?, 99%
Packaging
250 g
Price
$41.3
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
85520
Product name
Potassium sorbate
Purity
purum p.a., ≥99.0% (NT)
Packaging
250 g
Price
$56.2
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
PHR1278
Product name
Potassium sorbate
Purity
Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Packaging
1 g
Price
$72.8
Updated
2021/03/22
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Potassium sorbate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical properties

It appears as white to pale yellow flaky crystals and crystalline powder or granular. It is odorless or slightly smelly. Long-term storage in the air is easy to absorb moisture and oxidative decomposition as well as coloring. Relative density (d2025): 1.363. The melting point temperature: 270 ° C (decomposition). It is easily soluble in water (67.6g/100ml, 20 ℃) 5% salt water (47.5g/100ml, room temperature), 25% sugar water (5lg/100ml, room temperature). It can be dissolved in propylene glycol (5.8 g/100 ml), ethanol (0.3 g/100 ml) with the pH value of the 1% aqueous solution being 7 to 8.
It has a strong effect on inhibiting spoilage and mold, and because of its lower toxicity than other preservatives, it has become the world's most important preservatives.
In acidic conditions, it can give full effect of anti-corrosion while the effect is the lowest in neutral condition.

Uses

  1. Potassium sorbate is a chemical food preservative. Its anti-microbial properties stop the growth and spread of harmful bacteria. When used correctly, it inhibits bacterial growth in colostrum and milk. It can also be used to preserve antibody levels in ‘gold’ (first milking) colostrum.
  2. Potassium sorbate is use as an antimicrobial preservative prevents the growth of mold, bacteria and fungi in cheese, dried meats, baked goods, jellies and syrups. As a preservative in dried fruit, potassium sorbate often replaces sulfur dioxide, which has an aftertaste. The addition of potassium sorbate to dietary supplements inhibits microbes and increases shelf life. Many personal care products use potassium sorbate to prolong shelf stability and prevent bacteria contamination. Acting as a wine stabilizer, potassium sorbate prevents yeast from fermentation past the wine’s bottling stage. By inhibiting the fermentation process, it ceases production of yeast.
  3. Potassium sorbate is not a broad spectrum preservative for cosmetic use and should be combined with other preservatives. If potassium sorbate is used as a preservative, the pH of the finished product may need to be reduced for potassium sorbate to be effective.  This is because potassium sorbate is the inactive salt form of sorbic acid.  To be useful, the pH of the formulation must be low enough to release the free acid for useful activity.
  4. Potassium sorbate is a food grade preservative generally regarded as safe (GRAS) worldwide. It is the inactive salt of sorbic acid. It readily dissolves in water where it converts to sorbic acid, its active form, at a low pH. Sorbic acid is very pH dependent. While it shows some activity up to pH 6 (about 6%), it is most active at pH 4.4 (70%). At pH 5.0 it is 37% active. As sorbic acid, it is considered to be active against mold, fair against yeast and poor against most bacteria. Sorbic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid and as such is subject to oxidation (use of an antioxidant like Mixed Tocopherols T50 is recommended). It is also sensitive to UV light and may turn yellow in solution.  Gluconolactone is reported to stabilize potassium sorbate against discoloration and darkening in aqueous solutions and may be useful in stabilizing sorbic acid in the water phase of a product.

Toxicity

ADI 0 to 25 mg/kg (based on sorbic acid, including sorbic acid and its salts; FAO/WHO, 2001).
LD50: 4920 mg/kg (rat, oral);
GRAS (FDA, § 182.3640, 2000);

Content analysis

Take 0.25g (accurate to 0.1mg) sample pre-dried at 105 ℃ for 3h and put into a 250 ml flask equipped with a glass stopper. Add 36 mL acetic acid and 4 mL acetic anhydride, heat and warm into a solution. When cooled to room temperature, add 2 drops of crystal violet test solution (TS-74) and titrate with the acetate solution of the 0.1mol/L perchloric acid to blue-green end point which maintains 30 s without disappearing. At the same time, perform a blank test and make the necessary correction. Each mL of 0.1mol/L perchloric acid is equivalent to 15.02 mg of potassium sorbate (C6H7KO2).

Usage limit

GB 2760-2002 (g/kg): the same as "07023, sorbic acid" (based on sorbic acid); Chewing gum base GMP; pre-tune wine 0.2; meat enema 1.5. Sorbic acid per gram is equivalent to 1.33 g potassium sorbate.
FAO/WHO(1984,mg/kg):Dried apricot (based on sorbic acid); pickled cucumber 1000; man-made cream, jam and jelly 1000; vegetable olives, orange peel jelly 500 (based on sorbic acid), processed cheese 3000; pineapple juice with preservative 1000.
Limited amount in Japan, 1997 (based on sorbic acid, g/kg): stuffing, bakery products, jams and fruit juice (including concentrated fruit juice), (wine) pickled with grains products, salted product, Sauce stained product, fermented soybean cured product, cherries can, dried fish and shellfish products (excluding squid, octopus products), jam, syrup, Japanese radish pickles, Japanese braised, boiled beans, Japanese fermented soybean, 1.0; margarine 1.0 (the combination amount is 1.0 when used in combination with benzoic acid and its salt); Seasoning ketchup, dipping sauce, soup (excluding soup), seasoning, ginger soup, dried prune , 0.50; sweet wine (limited to being diluted to over 3 fold), Lactic acid bacteria beverage produced by fermented milk and lactobacillus base stock, 0.3; Fruit wine, mixed wine, 0.20; lactic acid bacteria drinks (excluding people drink after sterilization) 0.05. Cheese 3.0 (when combined with propionate and propionate salt, the combined amount of ≤ 3.0). Fish meat, whale meat, meat products, 2.0; Smoked cuttlefish, smoked octopus, 1.5.
The application standard for the part in United States (%): beverages 0.003 to 0.03; bread, pastry 0.004 to 0.1; chocolate pulp 0.05 to 0.2; carbonated beverages syrup 0.05 to 0.1; fresh fruit cocktail 0.05 to 0.1; citrus pulp (sherbet and fruit juice ice cream base) 0.05 to 0.1; cheese cake 0.05 to 0.1; salad pudding 0.05 to 0.1; stuffing material 0.05 to 0.1; cake 0.1; small package cheese: 0.1 or less; synthetic sweetener jelly: 0.1 or less.
EEC (1990); yoghurt, margarine, cheese, salad, pudding, cakes, canned fruit, frozen pizza, pickled cucumber, apricots and so on, not limited (GMP); grape wine: 200 mg/mL

Standard for Maximum Allowable Amount

Name of additive
Food allowed to use
Additive function
Maximal allowable usage amount (g/kg)
Potassium Sorbate
Other cereal products (cereals only enema products)
preservative
1.5
otassium Sorbate
Instant rice noodle products (only rice noodles enema products)
preservative
1.5
Potassium Sorbate
Gum base candy      
Base material in the gum base candy
appropriate amount according to requirement except in case where specific amount is documented
Potassium Sorbate
Tea, coffee, vegetable drinks class
preservative
0.5
Potassium Sorbate
Instant rice noodle products (only rice noodles enema products)
preservative
1.5
Potassium Sorbate
Margarine
preservative
1

Preparation

It can be derived through neutralization of sorbic acid by potassium carbonate or potassium hydroxide.

Toxic classification poisoning

Acute Toxicity Oral-Rat LD50: 4340 mg/kg; Oral-mouse LD50: 3800 mg/kg
Flammable and hazardous properties Flammable with combustion releasing potassium oxide spicy and irritant smoke

Storage and transport characteristics

Treasury: low temperature, ventilated and dry

Fire extinguishing agent

water, carbon dioxide, dry powder, sand

Chemical Properties

Potassium sorbate was first discovered by the French in the 1850s, having been derived from the mountain ash tree. It is widely used in the food industry and few substances have had the kind of extensive, rigorous, long-term testing that sorbic acid and its salts have had. It decomposes at about 270°C. For a detailed description of this compound, refer to Burdock (1997).

Chemical Properties

White powder. Soluble in water (25C).

Occurrence

Reported found in blueberries.

Uses

potassium sorbate is a preservative primarily against mold and yeast, and used in concentrations of 0.025 to 0.2 percent. It is non-toxic but may cause mild skin irritation.

Uses

Pharmaceutic aid (antimicrobial agent).

Uses

Potassium Sorbate is a preservative that is the potassium salt of sor- bic acid. it is a white crystalline powder which is very soluble in water, with a solubility of 139 g in 100 ml at 20°c. this solubility allows for solutions of high concentration which can be used for dipping and spraying. it is effective up to ph 6.5. it has approxi- mately 74% of the activity of sorbic acid, therefore requiring higher concentrations to obtain comparable results as sorbic acid. it is effec- tive against yeasts and molds and is used in cheese, bread, beverages, margarine, and dry sausage. typical usage levels are 0.025–0.10%.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. Mildly toxic by ingestion. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of K2O.

Chemical Synthesis

Manufactured by organic synthesis

Potassium sorbate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

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Potassium sorbate Suppliers

Nanjing chemical reagent co. LTD
Fax
025-85312034
Email
3511588639@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
3056
Advantage
58
Secco work (Beijing) chemical technology co., LTD
Tel
010-69755668
Fax
010-69755668
Email
343367102@QQ.COM
Country
China
ProdList
3529
Advantage
54
Nanjing Chemlin Chemical Co., Ltd
Tel
Fax
+86-25-83453306
Email
info@chemlin.com.cn
Country
China
ProdList
19993
Advantage
64
Nanjing MeiBo Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
025-58619198
Fax
025-58619197
Email
sales@mbbio.com
Country
China
ProdList
319
Advantage
60
Chengdu XiYa Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
;
Fax
0539-6365991
Email
sale@xiyashiji.com;3007716753@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
10578
Advantage
57
Syntechem Co.,Ltd
Tel
Please Email
Fax
E-Mail Inquiry
Email
info@syntechem.com
Country
China
ProdList
13009
Advantage
57
Hubei YuanCheng Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Tel
18062666904
Fax
QQ:2355880546
Email
wyy01@ycphar.com
Country
China
ProdList
670
Advantage
65
Connect Chemicals GmbH
Tel
+49 2102 2077 19
Fax
+49 2102 2077 40
Email
Martin.Klapper@connectchemicals.com
Country
Germany
ProdList
370
Advantage
62
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp.
Tel
021-67601398-809
Fax
021-57711696
Email
marketing_china@spectrumchemical.com;
Country
China
ProdList
9686
Advantage
60
Beijing HuaMeiHuLiBiological Chemical
Tel
010-56205725;010-86181995
Fax
010-65763397
Email
waley188@sohu.com
Country
China
ProdList
12341
Advantage
58
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View Lastest Price from Potassium sorbate manufacturers

Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
Potassium sorbate 590-00-1
Price
US $5.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
30 Tons
Release date
2021-07-06
Hebei Dongdu Import and Export Co. LTD
Product
potassium sorbate 590-00-1
Price
US $200.00/KG
Min. Order
25KG
Purity
99.99%
Supply Ability
20 tons
Release date
2020-12-04
Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd
Product
Potassium Sorbate 590-00-1
Price
US $11.00/Kg/Bag
Min. Order
1g
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
10000kg
Release date
2021-07-02

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