- Product Name:
- GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE
- GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE, ANHYDROUS, BEADS, -10 MESH, 99.99%
- GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE, 99.99+%
- GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE, ANHYDROUS, BEADS, -10 MESH, 99.999+%
- Product Categories:
- metal halide
- Crystal Grade Inorganics
- Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry
- Chemical Synthesis
- Gallium Salts
- GalliumMetal and Ceramic Science
- Mol File:
GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 78 °C(lit.)
- Boiling point:
- 35 °C
- 2.47 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
- vapor pressure
- 1 mm Hg ( 48 °C)
- Flash point:
- −26 °F
- Specific Gravity
- Water Solubility
- Very soluble in water. Soluble in benzene, carbon tetrachloride and carbon disulfide
- Moisture Sensitive
- Stability Stable, but reacts violently with water.
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 13450-90-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Gallium trichloride (13450-90-3)
GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE Usage And Synthesis
white crystals or powder
Gallium trichloride is a colorless solid which forms needle-like crystals. Acidic odor.
Lewis acid catalyst in organic synthesis; reagent for generating organogallium compounds, metallic gallium, and gallium semiconductors.
The trichloride salt of trivalent gallium is prepared by the action of either hydrogen chloride or chlorine on the metal.
Colorless needles. Used as a raw material in the production of metallic gallium and in the processing of mono crystal semiconductor compounds.
Air & Water Reactions
GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE acts as a weak inorganic acid. Materials in this group are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.
(Non-Specific -- Gallium Compounds) In view of the toxicity of gallium and its compounds, as shown by experiments, all persons involved in work with these substances should undergo periodic medical examinations, during which special attention should be paid to the condition of the liver, respiratory organs, and skin.
Emits toxic chloride fumes when heated to decomposition. Decomposes upon sufficient heating.
Used as a raw material in the produc tion of metallic gallium; and in the processing of mono crystal, semiconductor compounds.
UN3260 Corrosive solid, acidic, inorganic, n.o.s., Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name Required. UN1759 Corrosive solids, n.o.s., Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Technical Name required.
The pure compound can be obtained by redistillation in a stream of Cl2 or Cl2/N2 followed by vacuum sublimation or zone refining. It forms colourless needles which give gallium dichloride [Ga(GaCl4), m 172.4o] on heating. It dissolves in H2O with liberation of heat. It is soluble in Et2O and can be extracted from an HCl solution with Et2O. [Laubengayer & Schirmer J Am Chem Soc 62 1579 1940, D.nges in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 846 1963.]
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- GALLIUM PHOSPHIDE
- GALLIUM(III) 2,4-PENTANEDIONATE
- Gallium arsenide
- GALLIUM(III) NITRATE HYDRATE
- GALLIUM(III) BROMIDE
- GALLIUM(III) TRIFLUOROMETHANESULFONATE
- GALLIUM(III) SULFATE HYDRATE
- Gallium(III) oxide
- GALLIUM (II) CHLORIDE
- TETRABUTYLAMMONIUM TETRACHLOROGALLATE
- Gallium(Ⅲ) phthalocyanine chloride
- GALLIUM(III) CHLORIDE
- GALLIUM AMMONIUM CHLORIDE
- LITHIUM TETRACHLOROGALLATE