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Nickel oxide

Basic information Safety Supplier Related

Nickel oxide Basic information

Product Name:
Nickel oxide
Synonyms:
  • NICKEL (III) OXIDE
  • NICKEL (III) OXIDE-GREY BLACK
  • NICKEL (III) OXIDE BLACK
  • NICKEL OXIDE
  • NICKEL OXIDE, BLACK
  • NICKEL OXIDE BLACK (IC)
  • NICKEL SESQUIOXIDE
  • NICKELIC OXIDE
CAS:
1314-06-3
MF:
NiO
MW:
74.69
EINECS:
215-217-8
Product Categories:
  • Pharmaceutical intermediates
  • Inorganics
Mol File:
1314-06-3.mol
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Nickel oxide Chemical Properties

Melting point:
decomposes at ~600℃ [CRC10]
Density 
4.83
form 
gray-black cubic crystals
Water Solubility 
insoluble H2O; very slightly soluble cold acid; dissolves in hot HCl releasing Cl2; dissolves in hot H2SO4 or HNO3 evolving O2 [MER06]
Stability:
Stable.
CAS DataBase Reference
1314-06-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Nickel(III) oxide (1314-06-3)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
T
Risk Statements 
49-43-53
Safety Statements 
53-45-61
RIDADR 
UN 1479 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
1
10
HazardClass 
5.1
PackingGroup 
III

MSDS

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Nickel oxide Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

solid

Uses

Storage batteries.

Uses

Nickel oxide (NiO) is produced from nickel minerals to form nickel oxide when heated to 400°C, which is then reduced at a temperature of 600°C, resulting in the formation of nickel oxide. It is used as electrodes in fuel cells.

Uses

Nickel oxide is used in the ceramic industry for making frit, ferrites, and coloring porcelain. The oxide in sinter form is used in the production of nickel-steel alloys. It supplies oxygen to the melt for removal of carbon as carbon dioxide. Some other important uses of nickel oxide include preparation of many nickel salts, specialty chemicals, and nickel catalysts. It also is used as an electrode in fuel cells.

Uses

Industry
Application
Role/benefit
Chemical manufacture
Manufacture of  nickel salts and other nickle compounds
Source of nickel
Manufacture of metallic nickel
Manufacture of nickel steel alloys
Ceramic pigments
Coloring of ceramics and glass
NiO-based black ceramic pigments
Electrical cell
Nickel-iron battery
Active material of negative electrode
Ni-Cd rechargeable batteries
Ni-MH battery
Active material of positive electrode
Tandem solar cell
Photocathodes material
Electronic
Electrochromic devices
Anodic electrochromic material
Others
Hydrogenation reaction
Catalyst
 

Hazard

Confirmed carcinogen.

Industrial uses

Nickel produces a bluish-violet in potash glasses and a violet tending toward brown in soda glasses. Nickel rates as one of the more powerful colorants, since 1 part in 50,000 produces a recognizable tint. Nickel oxide is sometimes used to decolorize potash glass. Nickel oxide and nickel silicate have an advantage over manganese dioxide for decolorizing purposes in that they are not as sensitive in changing oxidizing and reducing environments.

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen. Poison by subcutaneous route. Mutation data reported. Hazardous reaction with hydrogen peroxide. Presence of the oxide increases the sensitivity of nitroalkanes (e.g., nitromethane, nitroethane, 1 -nitropropane) to heat. See also NICKEL COMPOUNDS and PEROXIDES.

Nickel oxide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Nickel oxideSupplier

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