Methyltrichlorosilane Basic information
- Product Name:
- Methyl silicochloroform
- METHYLSILICON TRICHLORIDE
- Product Categories:
- Silicone Series
- organosilicon compounds
- Functional Materials
- Reagents for Oligosaccharide Synthesis
- Si (Classes of Silicon Compounds)
- Si-Cl Compounds
- Silane Coupling Agents
- Silane Coupling Agents (Intermediates)
- Silicon Compounds (for Synthesis)
- Synthetic Organic Chemistry
- Chloro Silanes
- Mol File:
Methyltrichlorosilane Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- -77 °C
- Boiling point:
- 66 °C (lit.)
- 1.273 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
- vapor density
- 5.2 (vs air)
- vapor pressure
- 150 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
- refractive index
- n20/D 1.411
- Flash point:
- 5 °F
- storage temp.
- Flammables area
- sol methylene chloride.
- Specific Gravity
- explosive limit
- Water Solubility
- Moisture Sensitive
- Hydrolytic Sensitivity
- 8: reacts rapidly with moisture, water, protic solvents
- Stable, but reacts violently with water. Highly flammable. Incompatible with moisture, water, strong bases, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents.
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 75-79-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Silane, trichloromethyl-(75-79-6)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Methyltrichlorosilane (75-79-6)
- Hazard Codes
- Risk Statements
- Safety Statements
- UN 1250 3/PG 1
- WGK Germany
- Autoignition Temperature
- >760 °F
- HS Code
- Hazardous Substances Data
- 75-79-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
- Language:English Provider:Methyltrichlorosilane
- Language:English Provider:SigmaAldrich
- Language:English Provider:ACROS
- Language:English Provider:ALFA
Methyltrichlorosilane Usage And Synthesis
Colorless clear liquid
bp 66 °C; d 1.273 g cm?3.
Methyltrichlorosilane is used in production of methyl silicone resins, its vapor reacts with water on surfaces to give a thin layer of methylpolysiloxane which make it a water-repellent film. A combination of methyltrichlorosilane and sodium iodide can be used to cleave carbon-oxygen bonds such as methyl ethers. It is used as a precursor for forming various cross-linked siloxane polymers. Trichloromethylsilane is the starting material for the production of pure silicon for manufacture of semiconductors and optical fibers.
Intermediate for silicones.
Methyltrichlorosilane is widely used as precursor to organosilicon compounds; silylating agent and Lewis acid. MeSiCl3 is an effective Lewis acid in the condensation of carboxylic acids with alcohols and amines.
Produced by Grignard reaction of silicon tetrachloride and methylmagnesium chloride.
A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 8°F. Vapor and liquid may cause burns. Denser than water. Vapors are heavier than air.
Chlorosilanes, such as Methyltrichlorosilane, are compounds in which silicon is bonded to from one to four chlorine atoms with other bonds to hydrogen and/or alkyl groups. Chlorosilanes react with water, moist air, or steam to produce heat and toxic, corrosive fumes of hydrogen chloride. They may also produce flammable gaseous H2. They can serve as chlorination agents. Chlorosilanes react vigorously with both organic and inorganic acids and with bases to generate toxic or flammable gases.
Flammable, dangerous fire risk, may formexplosive mixture with air. Strong irritant.
As with other chlorosilanes, acute exposures may be highly toxic and may cause death or permanent injury after very short exposures to small quantitites. Chronic exposures may be moderately toxic and involve irreversible and reversible changes. Skin contact may produce severe burns with pain and risk of secondary infections. Ingestion may produce oral, esophageal, and stomach burns, intensity will vary from mild to very severe, gastrointestinal damage is rare but may occur.
Toxic hydrogen chloride and phosgene gases may form in fires. Reacts with water or steam to form hydrochloric acid. Vapor forms flammable mixture with air. May form explosive mixture in air. Avoid contact with water or moist air.
Poison by inhalation and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-.
Methyl trichlorosilane [75-79-6] M 149.5, b 13,7o/101mm, 64.3o/710.8mm, 65.5o/745mm, 6 6 . 1o/atm, d 4 1.263, n D If very pure, distil it before use. 20 1.4110. The purity is checked by NMR ( in MeCN is 13.14ppm with respect to Me4Si). Possible contaminants are other silanes which can be removed by fractional distillation through a Stedman column (p 11) of >72 theoretical plates with total reflux and 0.35% take-off. This apparatus should be under N2 gas at a rate of 12 bubbles/minute fed into the line using an Hg manometer to control the pressure. It is sensitive to H2O. [Gillam et al. J Am Chem Soc 73 4252 1951, Olah et al. J Org Chem 48 3667 1983, Beilstein 4 IV 4212.]
Methyltrichlorosilane Preparation Products And Raw materials
- 027-83238443 13343438265
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