Basic information Description History Preparation Applications Safety Supplier Related
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Dichlorodimethylsilane

Basic information Description History Preparation Applications Safety Supplier Related

Dichlorodimethylsilane Basic information

Product Name:
Dichlorodimethylsilane
Synonyms:
  • (CH3)2SiCl2
  • dichlorodimethyl-silan
  • Dichlorodimethylsilicon
  • dimethyldichlorosilicane
  • Dimethyl-dichlorsilan
  • SILANE M2
  • SILANISATION SOLUTION
  • SILANIZATION SOLUTION I
CAS:
75-78-5
MF:
C2H6Cl2Si
MW:
129.06
EINECS:
200-901-0
Product Categories:
  • Silicone Series
  • organosilicon compounds
  • Chloro
  • Silicon Compounds
  • Organics
  • Dichlorosilanes
  • Dichlorosilanes (for Polysilanes)
  • Functional Materials
  • Reagent for High-Performance Polymer Research
  • Si (Classes of Silicon Compounds)
  • Si-Cl Compounds
  • Silicon Compounds (for Synthesis)
  • Synthetic Organic Chemistry
  • Chloro Silanes
Mol File:
75-78-5.mol
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Dichlorodimethylsilane Chemical Properties

Melting point:
-76 °C
Boiling point:
70 °C(lit.)
Density 
1.333 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor pressure 
<200 hPa (20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.500
Flash point:
3 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
sol chlorinated solvents and ethereal solvents; reacts with protic solvents.
form 
liquid
Specific Gravity
1.0637
color 
colorless
explosive limit
1.75-48.5%(V)
Water Solubility 
reacts
Hydrolytic Sensitivity
8: reacts rapidly with moisture, water, protic solvents
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
BRN 
605287
Stability:
Stable. Reacts violently with water and alcohols. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, alcohols, caustics, ammonia.
CAS DataBase Reference
75-78-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Silane, dichlorodimethyl-(75-78-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Dimethyldichlorosilane (75-78-5)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn,Xi,F,N,C
Risk Statements 
20-59-36/37/38-11-67-65-63-48/20-38-20/21-50/53-37-35-20/22-14-34
Safety Statements 
60-61-62-36/37-59-45-36/37/39-26-16-7/9-2
RIDADR 
UN 2924 3/PG 2
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
VV3150000
3-10-19-21
Autoignition Temperature
425 °C
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
3
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29310095
Hazardous Substances Data
75-78-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 6056 mg/kg

MSDS

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Dichlorodimethylsilane Usage And Synthesis

Description

Dichlorodimethylsilane is a tetrahedral, organosilicon compound with the molecular formula Si(CH3)2Cl2. The compound is a colorless liquid at room temperature, has a pungent odor and readily reacts with water to form both cyclic and linear Si-O chains. On an industrial scale, dichlorodimethylsilane is manufactured as the main precursor to polysilane and dimethylsilicone compounds.

History

James Crafts and Charles Friedel are American chemists who first reported organosilicon compounds in 1863 by synthesizing tetraethylsilane from silicon tetrachloride and diethylzinc. Nevertheless, major progress in organosilicon chemistry occurred when Fredrick Kipping and his students reacted tetrachloride with Grignard reagents to produce diorganodichlorosilanes (R2SiCl2), which they used for their experiments. The dpemand for silicones increased in the 1930s as many aircraft companies needed better insulators for sealing materials and electric motors for aircraft engines; therefore, there was need for efficient synthesis of dichlorodimethylsilane.

Preparation

Dichlorodimethylsilane is prepared by passing methyl chloride through a heated tube packed with copper (I) chloride and ground silicon using Cu2O as the catalyst. Methyl chloride is the passed through a reactor to produce dichlorodimethylsilane.
2 CH3Cl + Si → (CH3)2SiCl2
The other products in this reaction apart from dichlorodimethylsilane include CH3)3SiCl, CH3SiHCl2, and CH3SiCl3, which can be separated fromone another by fractional distillation.

Applications

Dichlorodimethylsilane is majorly used in the production of silicones. Moreover, it is utilized in the synthesis of polysilanes, which are the main precursors to silicon carbide. Dichlorodimethylsilane can be used to coat glass to prevent the adsorption of micro-particles.

Chemical Properties

Colorless to brown liquid

Physical properties

mp ?76°C; bp 70–71°C; d 1.064 g cm?3.

Uses

Dichlorodimethylsilane is used to prepare a resin bound siloxane with tertiary alcohols and it is also used as a reagent for synthesis of optically active ansa-mettallocene polymerization catalysts. It acts as a precursor to silicone and polysilane compounds. It is also used in the glass coating to protect it from micro particles. It is involved in the preparation of resin bound siloxane with reactivity towards tertiary alcohols.

Uses

Dichlorodimethylsilane can be used as additive for pinacol cyclization; protecting group for diols and carbonyl compounds;precursor for a wide variety of siliconbased reagents.
Dichlorodimethylsilane (1) allows clean pinacol cyclization of a keto aldehyde to occur without competition from an aldol reaction (eq 1).

Uses

Dichlorodimethylsilicon is a organosilicon compound and is the precursor to dimethylsilicone and polysilane compounds.

Production Methods

Produced by the action of silicon on methyl chloride in presence of copper catalyst, or by Grignard reaction from methyl chloride and silicon tetrachloride.

General Description

A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 16°F. Vapor and liquid may cause burns. Denser than water. Vapors heavier than air.

Reactivity Profile

Chlorosilanes, such as Dichlorodimethylsilane, are compounds in which silicon is bonded to from one to four chlorine atoms with other bonds to hydrogen and/or alkyl groups. Chlorosilanes react with water, moist air, or steam to produce heat and toxic, corrosive fumes of hydrogen chloride. They may also produce flammable gaseous H2. They can serve as chlorination agents. Chlorosilanes react vigorously with both organic and inorganic acids and with bases to generate toxic or flammable gases.

Health Hazard

Inhalation irritates mucous membranes. Severe gastrointestinal damage may occur. Vapors cause severe eye and lung injury. Upon short contact, second and third degree burns may occur.

Fire Hazard

Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area. Reacts vigorously with water to generate hydrogen chloride. Hydrogen chloride and phosgene gases may be formed upon heating or in fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation. A skin and severe eye irritant. Violent reaction on contact with water. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLOROSILANES.

Purification Methods

Other impurities are chlorinated silanes and methylsilanes. Fractionate it through a 3/8in diameter 7ft Stedman column (p 11) rated at 100 theoretical plates at almost total reflux. See purification of MeSiCl2. Solutions in heptane, 1,1,1-trichloroethane or 1-chloronaphthalene are used for the silanization of glassware and pipettes. [Sauer & Hadsell J Am Chem Soc 70 3590 1948, Beilstein 4 IV 4110.]

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