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Anthraquinone

Product Name
Anthraquinone
CAS No.
84-65-1
Chemical Name
Anthraquinone
Synonyms
AQ;CORBIT;MORKIT;Hoelite;CORBIT(R);GAUCHO BLE;Anthradione;Kawasaki AQ;'LGC' (2410);'LGC' (1601)
CBNumber
CB5420557
Molecular Formula
C14H8O2
Formula Weight
208.21
MOL File
84-65-1.mol
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Anthraquinone Property

Melting point:
284-286 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
379-381 °C (lit.)
Density 
1.438
vapor density 
7.16 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 190 °C)
refractive index 
1.5681 (estimate)
Flash point:
365 °F
storage temp. 
no restrictions.
solubility 
0.00007g/l
form 
Powder
color 
Yellow-green to khaki to tan
Water Solubility 
<0.1 g/100 mL at 23 ºC
Merck 
14,687
BRN 
390030
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.
InChIKey
RZVHIXYEVGDQDX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
84-65-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
2B (Vol. 101) 2013
NIST Chemistry Reference
9,10-Anthraquinone(84-65-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
Anthraquinone (84-65-1)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
43-36/37/38
Safety Statements 
36/37-37/39-26-24
RIDADR 
3077
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
CB4725000
Autoignition Temperature
650 °C
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
2914 61 00
HazardClass 
9
PackingGroup 
III
Hazardous Substances Data
84-65-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 5000 mg/kg
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Warning
Hazard statements

H317May cause an allergic skin reaction

H320Causes eye irritation

H351Suspected of causing cancer

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H410Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements

P201Obtain special instructions before use.

P202Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264Wash hands thoroughly after handling.

P264Wash skin thouroughly after handling.

P272Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P273Avoid release to the environment.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P391Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment

P308+P313IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P333+P313IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P405Store locked up.

P501Dispose of contents/container to..…

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
67372
Product name
Melting point standard 283-286°C
Purity
analytical standard
Packaging
250mg
Price
$43.4
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.00465
Product name
Anthraquinone
Purity
for synthesis
Packaging
100 g
Price
$28.58
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.00465
Product name
Anthraquinone
Purity
for synthesis
Packaging
500 g
Price
$62.9
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
67372
Product name
Melting point standard 283-286°C
Purity
analytical standard
Packaging
1g
Price
$151
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
A0502
Product name
Anthraquinone
Purity
>98.0%(GC)
Packaging
25g
Price
$23
Updated
2021/03/22
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Anthraquinone Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

dull yellow powder

Chemical Properties

Anthraquinone is a combustible, light yellow to green crystalline solid.

Uses

bird repellant, irritant

Uses

A precursor for dye formation

Uses

Starting material for the manufacture of dyes; bird repellent.

Definition

ChEBI: An anthraquinone that is anthracene in which positions 9 and 10 have been oxidised to carbonyls.

Definition

A colorless crystalline quinone used in producing dyestuffs such as alizarin.

Definition

anthraquinone: A colourless crystallingquinone; m.p. 154°C. It maybe prepared by reacting benzenewith phthalic anhydride. The compoundis the basis of a range ofdyestuffs.

Production Methods

Anthraquinone is obtained by oxidation of anthracene using sodium dichromate plus sulfuric acid, and is purified by dissolving in concentrated sulfuric acid at 130 °C and pouring into boiling water, whereupon anthraquinone separates as pure solid, and is recovered by filtration. Further purification may be accomplished by sublimation or crystallization from nitrobenzene, aniline or tetrachloroethane.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 102, p. 1457, 1980 DOI: 10.1021/ja00524a059
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 29, p. 987, 1964 DOI: 10.1021/jo01027a538
Tetrahedron Letters, 24, p. 5499, 1983 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)94122-4

General Description

Yellow crystals or powder.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Anthraquinone is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.

Hazard

Possible carcinogen.

Fire Hazard

Anthraquinone is combustible.

Agricultural Uses

Repellent, Seed treatment: Used as a seed dressing or protectant. Banned in EU.

Trade name

(p)ANTHRAPEL®; FLIGHT CONTROL- PLUS®; HOELITE®; MORKIT®; REPELL®

Pharmacology

Anthraquinone is a secondary repellent and affects birds by causing post-ingestional distress (40). Sometimes, ingestion of anthraquinone-treated food produces vomiting, but often vomiting does not occur and the bird just sits quietly until the discomfort passes. Unlike methiocarb, anthraquinone doe not affect the bird’s nervous system and does not immobilize affected birds. Presumably, the emetic response is produced through irritation of the gut lining, but the actual mechanism is unclear. It is clear, however, that anthraquinone is not a taste repellent or contact irritant. Birds do not hesitate to eat treated food, and they exhibit no sign that treated food is unpalatable to them. The post-ingestional discomfort that results from eating anthraquinone-treated food produces a conditioned aversion to that food type. Birds need to experience the adverse consequences before learning to avoid the protected food. Thus, it is not reasonable to expect losses to cease immediately upon application of the repellent. There will be some level of loss in the crop as the depredating birds acquire the learned avoidance response.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. A mild allergen. Mutation data reported. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, water spray or mist, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Anthraquinone is an important starting material for vat dye manufacture. Also used in making organics; and used as a bird repellent in seeds.

Shipping

UN3143 Dyes, solid, toxic, n.o.s. or Dye intermediates, solid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise anthraquinone from CHCl3 (38mL/g), *benzene, or boiling acetic acid, wash it with a little EtOH and dry it under vacuum over P2O5. [Beilstein 7 IV 2556.]

Toxicity evaluation

Anthraquinone is a stable compound that is virtually insoluble in water. It is not phytotoxic and does not inhibit germination of rice seeds or growth of sprouts. It has very low toxicity to birds and mammals, and it appears to be innocuous to insects as well. There is no known hazard to nontarget species from repellent applications of Flight Control.

Incompatibilities

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

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Anthraquinone Suppliers

Hubei Youyicheng Industrial Co., Ltd.
Tel
Fax
86-027-87001826
Email
1572909019@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
62
Advantage
58
Hangzhou QiFei Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tel
0571-28950939-
Fax
0571-28950939
Email
hzqifeihuagong@163.com
Country
China
ProdList
38
Advantage
55
Hubei MAX Fine Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
;
Fax
QQ1652805836
Email
1652805836@qq.com;hbmaxkj@163.com
Country
China
ProdList
4733
Advantage
58
Qi Qi hang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Tel
Email
1046215251@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
270
Advantage
58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96815
Advantage
76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40264
Advantage
62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
Tel
821-50328103-801
Fax
86-21-50328109
Email
3bsc@sina.com
Country
China
ProdList
15877
Advantage
69
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30159
Advantage
84
TAIYUAN RHF CO.,LTD.
Tel
+86 351 7031519
Fax
+86 351 7031519
Email
sales@RHFChem.com
Country
China
ProdList
2346
Advantage
56
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Fax
021-67121385
Email
Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com
Country
China
ProdList
24555
Advantage
81
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View Lastest Price from Anthraquinone manufacturers

Anhui Rencheng Technology Co., Ltd
Product
Anthraquinone 84-65-1
Price
US $20.00-100.00/KG
Min. Order
0.5KG
Purity
>99%
Supply Ability
20tons
Release date
2020-12-29
Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
Anthraquinone 84-65-1
Price
US $10.00/KG
Min. Order
500g
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
2000MT/Month
Release date
2021-07-06
Shanghai Yunao International Trade Co., Ltd
Product
Anthraquinone 84-65-1
Price
US $20.00/ASSAYS
Min. Order
1ASSAYS
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
100ton
Release date
2021-09-26

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