ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE

ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE

Product Name
ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE
CAS No.
7647-18-9
Chemical Name
ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE
Synonyms
SbCl5;Antimoine;Antimonio;ANTIMONY CHLORIDE;Butter of antimony;Antimonpentachlorid;antimonyperchloride;Pentachloroantimony;pentachloro-stibine;Antimony petachride
CBNumber
CB9472044
Molecular Formula
Cl5Sb
Formula Weight
299.02
MOL File
7647-18-9.mol
More
Less

ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE Property

Melting point:
2.8 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
92 °C30 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
2.36 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
>10.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
0.13 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
1.601
Flash point:
79°C/22mm
solubility 
Soluble in HCl, chloroform, carbon tetrachlorideMiscible with chloroform, hydrochloric acid, tartaric acid, carbon disulfide and carbon tetrachloride.
form 
Liquid
color 
Red-yellow
Specific Gravity
2.336
Odor
offensive odor
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water (react), chloroform, hydrochloric acid, and carbon tetrachloride.
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,695
Stability:
Stable, but reacts with moisture and water. Releases highly toxic fumes if involved in a fire.
CAS DataBase Reference
7647-18-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Antimony pentachloride (7647-18-9)
More
Less

Safety

Hazard Codes 
T,N,C
Risk Statements 
34-51/53-40-23/24/25-14-62-48/20-63
Safety Statements 
26-45-61-36/37/39-23
RIDADR 
UN 1731 8/PG 3
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
CC5075000
10
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
8
PackingGroup 
II
Hazardous Substances Data
7647-18-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orl-rat: 1115 mg/kg HYSAAV 29(12),16,64
More
Less

Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H314Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

H411Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements

P301+P330+P331IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P303+P361+P353IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P405Store locked up.

More
Less

N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
215171
Product name
Antimony(V) chloride
Purity
99%
Packaging
250g
Price
$97.8
Updated
2021/12/16
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
338877
Product name
Antimony(V) chloride
Purity
≥99.99% trace metals basis
Packaging
25g
Price
$155
Updated
2021/12/16
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
338877
Product name
Antimony(V) chloride
Purity
≥99.99% trace metals basis
Packaging
5g
Price
$46.6
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
215171
Product name
Antimony(V) chloride
Purity
99%
Packaging
50g
Price
$56.5
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
249858
Product name
Antimony(V) chloride solution
Purity
1.0?M in methylene chloride
Packaging
100ml
Price
$93.9
Updated
2021/03/22
More
Less

ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless to light yellow oily liquid

Chemical Properties

Antimony pentachloride is a noncombustible, colorless to reddish-yellow oily liquid with an offensive odor.

Physical properties

Antimony pentachloride is prepared by passing chlorine gas into molten antimony trichloride:
SbCl3 + Cl2 →SbCl5
or by the reaction of the element with excess chlorine:
2 Sb + 5 Cl2 → 2 SbCl5.

Uses

Antimony(V) chloride is used as a catalyst and an analytical reagent for testing alkaloids and cesium. It is also used as a polymerization catalyst as well as involved in the chlorination of organic compounds. It acts as a Lewis acid and a strong oxidizing agent.

Uses

As catalyst when replacing a fluorine substituent with chlorine in organic compounds.

General Description

A reddish-yellow fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Fumes are irritating to the eyes and mucous membranes. Solidifies at 37°F. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Used to make other chemicals, and in chemical analysis.

Air & Water Reactions

Fumes in air to form hydrochloric acid. Reacts with water to yield heat and antimony pentaoxide (Sb2O5) and hydrochloric acid [Merck 11th ed. 1989].

Reactivity Profile

Acidic salts, such as ANTIMONY PENTACHLORIDE, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.

Hazard

Corrosive, fumes in moist air, reacts strongly with organics.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Contact of liquid with eyes or skin causes severe burns. Ingestion causes vomiting and severe burns of mouth and stomach. Overexposure by any route can cause bloody stools, slow pulse, low blood pressure, coma, convulsions, cardiac arrest.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Irritating fumes of hydrogen chloride given off when water or foam is used to extinguish adjacent fire.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion. Corrosive. Mutation data reported. See ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS and ANTIMONYPII) CHLORIDE. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cland Sb.

Potential Exposure

It is used in dyeing, coloring metals and in many organic chemical reactions as a catalyst.

Shipping

UN1730 (liquid) Antimony pentachloride, liquid, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material. UN1731 (solution) Antimony pentachloride, solutions, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Incompatibilities

Decomposes on contact with heat, acids, alkalis, ammonia, water or other forms of moisture producing fumes of hydrogen chloride and antimony. Decomposes above 77 C forming chlorine and antimony trichloride. Attacks many metals in the presence of moisture forming explosive hydrogen gas. Reacts with air forming corrosive vapors.

Waste Disposal

Encapsulate and transfer to an approve landfill. If chemically treated and neutralized, the chemical is amenable to biological treatment at municipal sewage treatment plant. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/ mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

More
Less

ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE Suppliers

7647-18-9, ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDERelated Search:


  • Amtimony pentachloride
  • Pentachloroantimony(V)
  • Antimony(V)-pentachloride,99%,anhydrous
  • Antimony(V) chloride,Antimony pentachloride
  • Antimony Chloride Liquid
  • pentachloro-λ<sup>5</sup>-stibane
  • Antimony(V) chloride 99.995%
  • AntiMony(V)-chloride, 1M solution in Methylene chloride, AcroSeal
  • AntiMony(V)-chloride, 99%, anhydrous
  • ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE FOR SYNTHESIS
  • Antimony(V) chloride, Ultra dry
  • ANTIMONY(V)-PENTACHLORIDE
  • ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE
  • ANTIMONY PENTACHLORIDE
  • ANTIMONY CHLORIDE
  • Pentachlorostiborane
  • Pentachlorure D'antimoine
  • pentachlorured’antimoine
  • pentachlorured’antimoine(french)
  • Perchlorure D'antimoine
  • perchlorured’antimoine
  • perchlorured’antimoine(french)
  • SbCl5
  • Antimoine
  • antimoine(pentachlorured’)
  • ANTIMONY PENTACHLORIDE, 99.999%
  • ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE, 1.0M SOLUTION IN D ICHLOROMETHANE
  • ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE, ANHYDROUS, 99.999+ %
  • Antimony(V) chloride, 99.99+% metals basis
  • Antimony(V) chloride, 99.998%
  • Antimony(V)chloride,ultradry,99.999%(metalsbasis)
  • Antimony(V)chloride,98%
  • Antimony(Ⅴ)-pentachloride
  • Antimony(V)chloride,ultradry(99.9995%-Sb)PURATREM
  • antimony(v)chloride solution
  • ANTIMONYPENTACHLORIDE,REAGENT
  • Antimony (V) chloride, 25% in graphite
  • Antimony(V) chloride, (99.999%-Sb) PURATREM
  • antimoine(pentachlorured’)(french)
  • Antimonio
  • antimonio(pentaclorurodi)
  • Antimonpentachlorid
  • Antimony chloride (SbCl5)
  • Antimony perchloride
  • antimonychloride(sbcl5)
  • antimonypentachloride,liquid
  • antimonypentachloride,solution
  • antimonyperchloride
  • Antimoonpentachloride
  • Butter of antimony
  • Pentachloroantimony
  • pentachloro-stibine
  • Antimony(V)chloride,99%
  • ANTIMONY(V) CHLORIDE, ULTRADRY, 99.9995%
  • Antimony(V)-pentachloride, anhydrous, 99%
  • Antimony petachride
  • Antimony(V) chloride, 99.999% (metals basis)
  • 7647-18-9