Basic information Safety Supplier Related
ChemicalBook >  Product Catalog >  API >  Circulatory system drugs >  Antihypertensive drugs >  Perindopril

Perindopril

Basic information Safety Supplier Related

Perindopril Basic information

Product Name:
Perindopril
Synonyms:
  • MCNA-2833
  • S-9490
  • PERINDOPRIL
  • (2s-(1(r*(r*)),2-alpha,3a-beta,7a-beta))-oxopropyl)
  • TH551 Metal Passivator (Benzotriazole derivative)Metal deactivator Metal deactivator CIBAGEIGY (as REOMENT-38)
  • Perindopril TH551 Metal Passivator (Benzotriazole derivative)
  • CIBAGEIGY
  • IRGAMET 39(REOMENT- 38)
CAS:
82834-16-0
MF:
C19H32N2O5
MW:
368.47
EINECS:
617-394-0
Product Categories:
  • turbine oils, oil film bearing oils, industrial gear oils, transformer oils and circulation oils. It is forbidden to mix with ZDDP, otherwise the settling would occur.
  • Perindopril, Coversyl
  • Perindopril
  • Intermediates & Fine Chemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • chemical additive
  • Amines
  • Chiral Reagents
  • Heterocycles
Mol File:
82834-16-0.mol
More
Less

Perindopril Chemical Properties

Melting point:
100-101°C
Boiling point:
537.4±45.0 °C(Predicted)
Density 
1.150±0.06 g/cm3(Predicted)
storage temp. 
-20°C Freezer
pka
3.15±0.20(Predicted)
CAS DataBase Reference
82834-16-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
More
Less

Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38
Safety Statements 
26-36
More
Less

Perindopril Usage And Synthesis

Description

Perindopril is a potent, orally-active angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor useful in the management of hypertension. Against rat ACE, perindopril appears to be more potent than enalapril and enalaprilat, and is approximately equipotent to rarnipril (HOE 498). Its long duration of action suggests the possibility of once-daily dosing.

Chemical Properties

Light Pink Solid

Originator

Servier (France)

Uses

An angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Antihypertensive.

Uses

Labeled Perindopril, intended for use as an internal standard for the quantification of Perindopril by GC- or LC-mass spectrometry.

Manufacturing Process

Heat 5 kg of 2-carboxyindole suspended in ethanol in the presence of sulfuric acid to boiling for 8 hours. Evaporate off take up the crystalline mass with hexane. After filtering off and drying, 5.3 kg of 2-ethoxycarbonylindole crystals are obtained. Melting point: 123°-125°C.
Suspend, in a reactor, 10 kg of 2-ethoxycarbonylindoline obtained previously in 110 liters of hydrochloric ethanol. Next, add 20 kg of granulated tin. Keep stirring for approximately 2 days at room temperature. Evaporate off the ethanol, take up the residue with water and add 110 liters of toluene. Stir for approximately 20 min. Alkalify with aqueous ammonia. Separate off the aqueous phase and extract once again with 150 liters of toluene. Combine the toluene phases and wash them with water. Separate off the toluene phases, filter. Remove the water by distilling the water-toluene azeotrope. Cool and pass through a stream of anhydrous HCl gas. Cool. Evaporate down and wash with pure toluene. Weight obtained of (R,S)-2-ethoxycarbonylindoline 10.11 kg. Yield: 84%.
2.15 kg of (R,S)-2-ethoxycarbonylindoline dissolved in ethanol are saponified with 12.5 liters of sodium hydroxide with stirring for 24 hours. After washing the alkaline solution, neutralize with concentrated hydrochloric acid. After filtering off, washing and drying, 1.57 kg of white crystals of the (R,S)-2carboxyindoline are obtained. Yield: 86%. Melting point: 188°-189°C.
6.05 kg of (R,S)-2-carboxyindoline are added to a solution of 4.49 kg of (+)α-methylbenzylamine in anhydrous ethanol. A white precipitated product is obtained which, after filtering off, is digested in refluxing isopropanol. After cooling, the solid is filtered off and washed with a little isopropanol. 1 kg of the obtained salt was dissolved in 5 liters of water and neutralizing with an aqueous hydrochloric acid solution. The precipitate is filtered off, washed with water and dried and (S)-2-carboxyindoline was prepared.
Place 25 kg of (S)-2-carboxyindoline, obtained previously, in 110 liters of methanol in a vessel. Keep stirred. Charge the rhodium (5% dry) catalyst into a mixer. Start up the stirring in a hydrogenator, charge the methanolic suspension of (S)-2-carboxyindoline by passing it through the mixer and rinse the assembly with water. Heat to 60°C and pressurize with hydrogen (30 bars). Filter off the catalyst on a single-plate filter. Collect the hydroalcoholic liquors in a reactor and evaporate the methanol off under vacuum. After concentrating, charge approximately 300 kg of dioxane. Heat to boiling and add water until a solution is obtained. Allow to cool. Filter off and dry. 22.3 kg of crystals of (2S,3aS,7aS)-2-carboxyoctahydroindole are obtained. Yield: 86.1%.
Place 35 kg of L-norvaline in approximately 300 kg of denatured ethanol in a reactor. Introduce approximately 60 kg of thionyl chloride, slowly and gradually. After stirring for a quarter of an hour, heat to reflux for 3 hours andthen evaporate off the ethanol under vacuum. Take up the residue with 300 liters of cyclohexane and heat to boiling. Allow to cool, filter, wash with cyclohexane and dry. 52.9 kg of ethyl L-norvalinate hydrochloride are obtained, that is a 97.6% yield.
Place 45 kg of ethyl N-norvalinate hydrochloride approximately 110 liters of water in a vessel equipped with a stirrer. Alkalify, then pour 23 kg of pyruvic acid very gradually into the solution obtained previously and stir the reaction mixture for 30 min. Place an aqueous suspension of charcoal containing 5% palladium and the alkaline solution of ethyl L-norvalinate obtained previously in a hydrogenation apparatus. Hydrogenate under pressure (30 bars) at room temperature for approximately one day. Filter under vacuum and evaporate the filtrate under reduced pressure, filter off and dry. Treat the residue obtained with ethanol; remove the insoluble material, consisting of sodium chloride, by filtration and rinse it with ethanol. Combine the ethanolic solutions; evaporate off the ethanol under reduced pressure and crystallize the residue from acetonitrile 34.3 kg of N-[(S)-1-carbethoxybutyl]-(S)-alanine are obtained, that is a 63.9% yield.
In a 30-liter reactor, reflux 12.5 kg of (2S,3aS,7aS)-2-carboxyperhydroindole, 50 kg of para-toluenesulfonic acid and 14.2 kg of benzyl alcohol and 38.4 kg of toluene, removing the water formed with the aid of a continuous separator. When no more water separates out, cool, filter off the precipitate of paratoluenesulfonate of the benzyl ester of (2S,3aS,7aS)-2carboxyoctahydroindole formed, and dry. Yield: 91.3%.
Add approximately 3.5 kg of triethylamine to a suspension of approximately 5 kg of para-toluenesulfonate of the benzyl ester of (2S,3aS,7aS)-2carboxyoctahydroindole in approximately 60 kg of ethyl acetate, followed by approximately 6 kg of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole, approximately 7.5 kg of the N[(S)-1-carbethoxybutyl]-(S)-alanine and approximately 7.0 kg of dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. Stir, cooling slightly for approximately 3 hours, then filter off the dicyclohexylurea formed and wash the organic phase with water. The dried organic phase is evaporated to dryness and benzyl ester of (2S,3aS,7aS)-1-{2-[1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-(S)-butylamino]-(S)propionyl}octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid was obtained. Yield: 92.3%.
Dissolve, in a hydrogenator, 14 kg of benzyl ester of the (2S,3aS,7aS)-1-{2[1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-(S)-butylamino]-(S)-propionyl}octahydroindole-2carboxylic acid in cyclohexane. Add the charcoal containing 5% palladium and approximately 50 liters of water. Hydrogenate at ordinary temperature and pressure until the theoretical volume of hydrogen has been absorbed. Filter, wash the insoluble material with cyclohexane, separate off the organic phase and wash the aqueous phase again with cyclohexane. Isolate the (2S,3aS,7aS)-1-{2-[1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-(S)-butylamino]-(S)propionyl}octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid from the aqueous phase by freeze-drying.
In practice it is used combined with 2-methyl-2-propanamine.

brand name

Coversyl

Therapeutic Function

Antihypertensive

Perindopril Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

PerindoprilSupplier

J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd.
Tel
821-50328103-801
Email
3bsc@sina.com
Chemsky(shanghai)International Co.,Ltd.
Tel
021-50135380
Email
shchemsky@sina.com
XiaoGan ShenYuan ChemPharm co,ltd
Tel
0712-2580635- ;0712-2580635
Email
1791901229@qq.com;1791901229@qq.com;
Hangzhou Yuhao Chemical Technology Co., Ltd
Tel
0571-82693216
Email
info@yuhaochemical.com