Chemical Properties Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions
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lead oxide

Chemical Properties Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions
Product Name
lead oxide
CAS No.
1314-41-6
Chemical Name
lead oxide
Synonyms
MINIUM;Pb3-O4;Sandix;ci77578;mennige;RED LEAD;parisred;Lead, red;c.i.77578;heuconin5
CBNumber
CB0107200
Molecular Formula
O4Pb3
Formula Weight
685.6
MOL File
1314-41-6.mol
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lead oxide Property

Melting point:
500 °C
Boiling point:
800°C
Density 
9,1 g/cm3
vapor pressure 
10 mm Hg ( 0 °C)
form 
red powder
color 
Orange
Water Solubility 
Soluble in hydrochloric acid, glacial acetic acid and nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide. Insoluble in water and alcohol.
Merck 
14,5425
Stability:
Stable. May react vigorously with reducing agents.
InChIKey
XMFOQHDPRMAJNU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
1314-41-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Lead(ii,iv) oxide(1314-41-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lead tetraoxide (1314-41-6)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
O,T,N
Risk Statements 
61-8-20/22-33-50/53-62-48/23/25-40
Safety Statements 
53-45-60-61-36/37
RIDADR 
UN 1479 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
OG5425000
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
5.1
HS Code 
28249010
Hazardous Substances Data
1314-41-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 i.p. in rats: 45 mg Pb/100 g (Lead, 1972)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H272May intensify fire; oxidizer

H302Harmful if swallowed

H332Harmful if inhaled

H351Suspected of causing cancer

H360May damage fertility or the unborn child

H372Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H400Very toxic to aquatic life

H410Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements

P201Obtain special instructions before use.

P210Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.

P220Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.

P221Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/…

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P308+P313IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P370+P378In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

P405Store locked up.

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
11536
Product name
Lead(II,IV) oxide
Purity
≥96%
Packaging
1kg
Price
$72.9
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
11536
Product name
Lead(II,IV) oxide
Purity
≥96%
Packaging
6x1kg
Price
$358
Updated
2020/08/18
Alfa Aesar
Product number
014232
Product name
Lead(II,IV) oxide, 97% (metals basis)
Packaging
5kg
Price
$359
Updated
2020/06/24
Alfa Aesar
Product number
014232
Product name
Lead(II,IV) oxide, 97% (metals basis)
Packaging
1kg
Price
$85.5
Updated
2020/06/24
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
241547
Product name
Lead oxide
Purity
red powder, 1-2μm, 99%
Packaging
100g
Price
$32.8
Updated
2020/08/18
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lead oxide Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

Lead oxide is a general term and can be either lead monoxide or "litharge" (PbO); lead tetroxide or "red lead" (Pb3O4); or black or "gray" oxide which is a mixture of 70 percent lead monoxide and 30 percent metallic lead. Black lead is made for specific use in the manufacture of lead acid storage batteries. Because of the size of the lead acid battery industry, lead monoxide is the most important commercial compound of lead, based on volume.

Red lead is produced by oxidizing litharge in a reverberatory furnace.
The major lead pigment is red lead(Pb3O4), which is used principally in ferrous metal protective paints.

Physical Properties

Bright-red crystalline substance or amorphous powder; density 9.1 g/cm3; decomposes on heating to 500°C, melts at 830°C under pressure and oxygen; insoluble in water and alcohol; soluble in glacial acetic acid, hot hydrochloric acid, and a dilute nitric acid-hydrogen peroxide mixture.

Uses

Lead tetroxide has many applications. The most important use is in paint and storage-batteries. It is used as a pigment in corrosion-protecting paints for steel surfaces. It also is used in positive battery plates; in colored glasses and ceramics; in glass sealants for television picture tubes; in propellants and explosives; in radiation shields for x-rays and gamma rays; in the vulcanization of rubber; in glass-writing pencils; in adhesives for tire cords; in foaming agents and waterproofing materials; in plasters and ointments; in lead dioxide matches; and as a catalyst for oxidation of carbon monoxide in exhausts.

Preparation

Lead tetroxide is made by heating lead monoxide in the presence of air at temperatures between 450 to 500°C. The temperature should be maintained below 500°C, above which the tetroxide decomposes.
6PbO + O2→2Pb3O4
Alternatively, the tetroxide may be prepared by heating a mixture of lead monoxide and lead dioxide at 250°C:
2PbO + PbO2→Pb3O4

Reactions

When heated above 550°C, the tetroxide decomposes to monoxide, evolving oxygen:
6Pb3O4→6PbO + O2
Lead tetroxide reacts with dilute nitric acid forming lead nitrate and precipitating lead dioxide:
Pb3O4 + 4HNO3 → 2Pb(NO3)2 + PbO2 + 2H2O
The above reaction may be explained by assuming lead tetroxide as formally equivalent to plumbus plumbate having a structure Pb2II[PbIVO4] in which Pb2+ dissolves in dilute nitric acid forming lead(II) nitrate while Pb4+ precipitates out as lead(IV) oxide.
Lead tetroxide reacts with anhydrous acetic acid at 80°C producing lead(II) acetate and lead(IV) acetate. Alternatively, the tetroxide is added into a mixture of glacial acetic acid and acetic anhydride and heated gently:
Pb3O4 + 8CH3COOH → 2Pb(CH3COO)2 + Pb(CH3Coo)4 + 4H2O
On cooling, the tetraacetate crystallizes, leaving diacetate in the solution. Acetic anhydride is added to react with water produced in the reaction to form acetic acid and thus prevent hydrolysis.
Lead tetroxide can be reduced to metallic lead when heated with reducing agents, such as hydrogen, carbon, or carbon monoxide:
Pb3O4 + 4H2→3Pb + 4H2O

Chemical Properties

red to orange powder

Uses

Plasters and ointments; manufacture of colorless glass; glaze for faience; flux for porcelain painting, protective paint for iron and steel; oil-color for ship paints, varnishes; coloring rubber; cement for glass, gas and steam pipes; storage batteries; pencils for writing on glass; manufacture of lead peroxide, matches.

Uses

Red lead (Pb3O4) is a brilliant red-orange colored synthetic inorganic pigment used mainly as a protective priming coat for steel work rather than a coloring pigment in paints. The toxic nature of this pigment restricts its use in modern coating systems.

Production Methods

Lead(IV) oxide, Pb2O, is obtained by action of chlorine on alkaline solutions of lead(II) oxide or acetate. The reaction is Pb(OH)3-+ ClO- → PbO2 + Cl- + OH- + H2O·PbO2 can also be produced on a lead or platinum anode by electrolysis in acidic solution.

Definition

Natural red oxide of lead.

brand name

Hiroval;Wndomethasone.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Lead oxides and other lead salts were formerly available in topical preparations which had soothing astringent properties. The toxicity of lead salts by inhalation, ingestion and percutaneous absorption is now conclusively established and the medicinal use of preparations containing lead salts is no longer permitted in many countries.

Industrial uses

Lead oxide is used quite extensively in optical glass, electrical glass, and tableware. It increases the density and refractive index of glass. In addition, it can be cut more easily than other glasses and has superior brilliance, both of which make it good for cut glass.
Lead glasses may be formulated with a wide variety of electrical and acid-resisting characteristics; desirable properties, such as weather resistance, electrical resistivity, etc., will depend upon the total composition of the glass.

lead oxide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

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lead oxide Suppliers

Wuhan Xingzhongcheng Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
18627766980
Fax
027-83389957
Email
914018854@qq.com
Country
CHINA
ProdList
302
Advantage
58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96815
Advantage
76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40268
Advantage
62
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30163
Advantage
84
Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009
Fax
021-58436166-800
Email
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
44026
Advantage
61
JinYan Chemicals(ShangHai) Co.,Ltd.
Tel
13817811078,021-50426030
Fax
86-021-50426522,50426273
Email
sales@jingyan-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
10009
Advantage
60
Adamas Reagent, Ltd.
Tel
400-600-9262
Email
bxy@titansci.com
Country
China
ProdList
13918
Advantage
59
Shanghai Hanhong Scientific Co.,Ltd.
Tel
021-54306202- ;021-54308259-
Fax
+86-21-64545202
Email
info@hanhonggroup.com;info@hanhonggroup.com
Country
China
ProdList
43258
Advantage
64
Chengdu XiYa Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
;
Fax
0539-6365991
Email
sale@xiyashiji.com;3007716753@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
10576
Advantage
57
Tianjin heowns Biochemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
400 638 7771
Email
sales@heowns.com
Country
China
ProdList
14460
Advantage
57
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View Lastest Price from lead oxide manufacturers

Hebei Runbin Biotechnology Co. LTD
Product
Lead oxide 1314-41-6
Price
US $3.00-2.50/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.8%
Supply Ability
20tons
Release date
2020-08-18
Hebei Yanxi Chemical Co., Ltd.
Product
Lead oxide Red 1314-41-6
Price
US $2.80/Kg/Bag
Min. Order
1000KG
Purity
97%
Supply Ability
200tons/month
Release date
2020-06-23
career henan chemical co
Product
Lead oxide 1314-41-6
Price
US $2.00/kg
Min. Order
1kg
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
ask
Release date
2018-12-18

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