Anionic surfactants Toxicity Sodium dodecyl sulfonate Utilization limitation Chemical property Uses Production method
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Sodium dodecyl sulfate

Anionic surfactants Toxicity Sodium dodecyl sulfonate Utilization limitation Chemical property Uses Production method
Product Name
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
CAS No.
151-21-3
Chemical Name
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Synonyms
S12;sls;SDS;SDS;SDS;waqe;K-12;SLES;dreft;emalo
CBNumber
CB2147453
Molecular Formula
C12H25NaO4S
Formula Weight
288.38
MOL File
151-21-3.mol
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Sodium dodecyl sulfate Property

Melting point:
204-207 °C (lit.)
Density 
1.03 g/mL at 20 °C
FEMA 
4437 | SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE
Flash point:
>100°C
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
solubility 
H2O: 0.1 M, clear to nearly clear, colorless to slightly yellow
form 
Powder or Crystals
color 
White to pale yellow
Odor
Slight fatty odour
PH
6-9 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
PH Range
7.2
Water Solubility 
ca. 150 g/L (20 ºC)
λmax
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.3
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.2
Merck 
14,8636
BRN 
3599286
InChIKey
DBMJMQXJHONAFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-M
CAS DataBase Reference
151-21-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Sodium lauryl sulfate (151-21-3)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
F,Xn,Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38-36/38-22-11-21/22-42-41-20/21/22-37/38
Safety Statements 
26-36/37-36/37/39-36-22-39
RIDADR 
UN 2926 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
WT1050000
3
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
4.1
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
29209010
Hazardous Substances Data
151-21-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 1288 mg/kg (Walker)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H228Flammable solid

H302Harmful if swallowed

H311Toxic in contact with skin

H313May be harmful in contact with skin

H315Causes skin irritation

H318Causes serious eye damage

H319Causes serious eye irritation

H335May cause respiratory irritation

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H401Toxic to aquatic life

H411Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

H412Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements

P210Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264Wash hands thoroughly after handling.

P264Wash skin thouroughly after handling.

P270Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P271Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P273Avoid release to the environment.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P314Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

P321Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P304+P340IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P332+P313IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P337+P313IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

P370+P378In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

P405Store locked up.

P403+P233Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P501Dispose of contents/container to..…

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
428016
Product name
Sodium n-Dodecyl Sulfate, High Purity - CAS 151-21-3 - Calbiochem
Purity
Designed to reduce electrophoretic anomalies.
Packaging
25 g
Price
$80.66
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
71726
Product name
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Purity
suitable for ion pair chromatography, LiChropur?, ≥99.0%
Packaging
10 g
Price
$102
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
05030
Product name
Sodium dodecyl sulfate solution
Purity
BioUltra, for molecular biology, 20% in H2O
Packaging
500 mL
Price
$169
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
05030
Product name
Sodium dodecyl sulfate solution
Purity
BioUltra, for molecular biology, 20% in H2O
Packaging
1l-f
Price
$300
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
05030
Product name
Sodium dodecyl sulfate solution
Purity
BioUltra, for molecular biology, 20% in H2O
Packaging
1 L
Price
$310
Updated
2021/03/22
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Sodium dodecyl sulfate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Anionic surfactants

Sodium dodecyl sulfate is an anionic surfactant, and is a typical representative of sulphate-based surfactant. It is abbreviated as SDS, and also known as AS, K12, coco alcohol sulfate, sodium lauryl sulfate and foaming agent. The commercial products are usually white to light yellow crystalline powder. It is non-toxic, slightly soluble in alcohol, insoluble in chloroform and ether, soluble in water, and has good anionic and nonionic complex compatibility. It has good emulsibility, foamability, and foaming, infiltrating, decontaminating and dispersing properties. It is abundant in foams and quickly biodegradable, and has solubility next only to fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether sodium sulphate (abbreviated as AES). It is not sensitive to alkali and hard water, but its stability is inferior to general sulfonate under acidic conditions and is close to AES. It is not favorable to exceed 95 °C upon long-term heating, and its irritation is at the middle level among surfactants, with an irritation index of 3.3 for a 10% solution, which is higher than AES and lower than sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (abbreviated as LAS). Toxicity LD50 is 1300mg/kg. There is no evidence that this product is carcinogenic, but high doses may indeed irritate the skin. However, in general sanitary products the concentration is limited when used as a forming agent, and is in line with national standards. So there is no need to concern.
Sodium dodecyl sulfate is a major component of detergent. It is usually used in the DNA extraction process to separate DNA after protein denaturation. It is often misread as sodium dodecyl sulfonate. It is widely used as a foaming agent in toothpaste, soap, shower gel, shampoo, detergent and cosmetics. 95% of personal care products and household cleaning products contain sodium lauryl sulfate.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Jin Yinxue.

Toxicity

It can be safely used for food, but the content of sodium lauryl sulfate should not be less than 90% (FDA, §172.822, 2000). LD50 is 1288mg/kg (rat, oral).

Sodium dodecyl sulfonate

There is certain universality of confusion and misuse for them, both of which belong to the anionic surfactants and the English abbreviations are both SDS. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (abbreviated as SDS) is also called sodium lauryl sulfate (abbreviated as SLS), belongs to sulfate salt and has a molecular weight of 288.38. It is a white or light yellow crystal, and is easily soluble in water. Sodium dodecyl sulfonate (abbreviated as SDS) belongs to sulfonate, has a molecular weight of 272.38, and differs with the structure of sodium dodecyl sulfate in that it lacks one oxygen atom and the carbon atom is directly connected to the sulfur atom. Please note the difference so as to avoid misuse.

Utilization limitation

(FDA, §172.822, 2000, mg/kg): dry protein 1000; frozen protein 125; liquid protein 125; marshmallow foaming agent used in an amount of 0.5% gelatin; as a surfactant for solid drinks acidified with fumaric acid and juice drinks acidified with fumaric acid, 25; as moisturizers for grease, 10 (amount of grease). According to the regulation of (FDA, §172.210, 2000), it can be used as a citrus fruit surface coating agent, and the amount is limited per GMP.

Chemical property

It is a white to pale yellow powder, has a slight special smell, and is easily soluble in water.

Uses

Sodium dodecyl sulfate has excellent detergency, emulsification and foaming power, can be used as detergents and textile auxiliaries, and is also used as an anionic surfactant, toothpaste foaming agent, mine fire extinguishing agents, foaming agents for fire extinguishers, emulsion polymerization emulsifiers, emulsifying and dispersing agents for medical use, shampoo and other cosmetic products, wool detergent, detergent for silky class fine fabrics and flotation agent for metal beneficiation.
GB 2760-96 stipulates as processing aids for food industry. It used as foaming agents; emulsifying agents; and anionic surfactants. It is used for cakes, drinks, proteins, fruits, fruit juice, and edible oil, and so on.
It is used as surfactants, detergents, foaming agents, and wetting agents, and so on.
It is used as relatively low-level ion-pairing reagents, and is cheaper than sodium heptanesulfonate and sodium pentanesulfonate when less demanding.
It is used as raw material for modifying materials.
It is used as additives in capillary electrophoresis analysis and is generally used as molar solution.
It is also used in other analysis such as flow column analysis.

Production method

Sulphur trioxide method: the reaction apparatus is a vertical reactor. At 32 °C nitrogen gas is introduced into the reactor through the gas vents at a flow rate of 85.9 L·min-1. At 82.7 kPa lauryl alcohol is introduced at a flow rate of 58 g·min-1. The liquid sulfur trioxide is fed into flash evaporator at 124.1 kPa, the flash temperature is maintained at 100 °C, and sulfur trioxide flow rate is controlled to be 0.907 2 kg·h-1. Sulfated product is then rapidly quenched to 50 °C, injected into the aging device and left for 10 to 20 min, and finally injected into the neutralization kettle and neutralized with a base. The neutralizing temperature is controlled at 50 °C. The material is discharged when the pH value is adjusted to 7 to 8.5, to obtain a liquid product which is spray dried to give a solid product.
Batch method: lauryl alcohol is charged into reaction kettle and pre-heated to 30 °C. Then chlorosulfonic acid 0.03 mol in excess than the theoretical amount is sprayed into the alcohol under high speed agitation. The reaction temperature was controlled at 30 to 35 °C. After the sulfation reaction, it is injected into the neutralization kettle and neutralized with 30% lye to a pH value of 7 to 8.5, and finally bleached with 0.4% (weight) hydrogen peroxide. It is spray dried to give a solid. It can also be formulated into solutions according to quality standard.
Continuous method: the reaction apparatus is tubular reactor. Lauryl alcohol is initially saturated with hydrogen chloride. Lauryl alcohol at a flow rate of 334 g·min-1 and hydrogen chloride at a flow rate of 40.5 g·min-1 are fed into saturation chamber through gauge. Then the solution of lauryl alcohol with hydrogen chloride is fed into reactor at 21.4 °C to react with chlorosulfonic acid. After the reaction is subjected to gas-liquid separation, the sulfated product flows from the bottom of the separator into neutralization kettle. It is neutralized with 30% sodium hydroxide at 50 °C to give a liquid product, which is spray dried to give a solid product.

Chemical Properties

White crystalline flakes

Chemical Properties

Sodium lauryl sulfate consists of white or cream to pale yellowcolored crystals, flakes, or powder having a smooth feel, a soapy, bitter taste, and a faint odor of fatty substances.

Uses

Sodium dodecyl sulfate is an emulsifier and whipping aid that has a solubility of 1 g in 10 ml of water. It functions as an emulsifier in egg whites. It is used as a whipping aid in marshmallows and angel food cake mix. It also functions to aid in dissolving fumaric acid.

Uses

Anionic detergent

Uses

hydrophilic tablet lubricant

Uses

Wetting agent, detergent, especially in the textile industry. Electrophoretic separation of proteins and lipids. Ingredient of toothpastes.

Definition

An anionic surfactant, usually a mixture of sodium alkyl sulfates that lowers surface tension of aqueous solutions.

Production Methods

Sodium lauryl sulfate is prepared by sulfation of lauryl alcohol, followed by neutralization with sodium carbonate.

General Description

White to pale yellow paste or liquid with a mild odor. Sinks and mixes with water.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

DODECYL SULFATE is incompatible with strong oxidizers. Sodium dodecyl sulfate is also incompatible with cationic materials and with acids with pH below 2.5. Salts, basic, such as DODECYL SULFATE, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of dust causes sneezing and coughing. Ingestion of large amounts causes irritation of stomach. Dust irritates eyes and may cause burns on prolonged contact. Contact with skin causes some irritation; continued exposure to water solution causes drying out and cracking.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Sodium dodecyl sulfate are not available; however, Sodium dodecyl sulfate is probably combustible.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Sodium lauryl sulfate is an anionic surfactant employed in a wide range of nonparenteral pharmaceutical formulations and cosmetics.
It is a detergent and wetting agent effective in both alkaline and acidic conditions. In recent years it has found application in analytical electrophoretic techniques: SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is one of the more widely used techniques for the analysis of proteins; and sodium lauryl sulfate has been used to enhance the selectivity of micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC).

Contact allergens

This anionic detergent is widely used in cosmetics and industry. As a skin irritant agent, SLS can be used in several dermatological applications. It is also a good indicator of excited skin during patch testing.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion. An experimental teratogen. A human skin irritant. An experimental eye and severe skin irritant. A mild allergen. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SO, and Na2O. See also ESTERS and SULFATES.

Safety

Sodium lauryl sulfate is widely used in cosmetics and oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations. It is a moderately toxic material with acute toxic effects including irritation to the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, and stomach. Repeated, prolonged exposure to dilute solutions may cause drying and cracking of the skin; contact dermatitis may develop.(3) Prolonged inhalation of sodium lauryl sulfate will damage the lungs. Pulmonary sensitization is possible, resulting in hyperactive airway dysfunction and pulmonary allergy. Animal studies have shown intravenous administration to cause marked toxic effects to the lung, kidney, and liver. Mutagenic testing in bacterial systems has proved negative.
Adverse reactions to sodium lauryl sulfate in cosmetics and pharmaceutical formulations mainly concern reports of irritation to the skin or eyes following topical application.
Sodium lauryl sulfate should not be used in intravenous preparations for humans. The probable human lethal oral dose is 0.5–5.0 g/kg body-weight.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.25 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.12 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 1.29 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IP): 0.21 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IV): 0.12 g/kg

storage

Sodium lauryl sulfate is stable under normal storage conditions. However, in solution, under extreme conditions, i.e. pH 2.5 or below, it undergoes hydrolysis to lauryl alcohol and sodium bisulfate.
The bulk material should be stored in a well-closed container away from strong oxidizing agents in a cool, dry place.

Purification Methods

Purify this detergent by Soxhlet extraction with pet ether for 24hours, followed by dissolution in acetone/MeOH/H2O 90:5:5(v/v) and recrystallisation [Politi et al. J Phys Chem 89 2345 1985]. It has been purified by two recrystallisations from absolute EtOH, aqueous 95% EtOH, MeOH, isopropanol or a 1:1 mixture of EtOH/isopropanol to remove dodecanol, and dried under vacuum [Ramesh & Labes J Am Chem Soc 109 3228 1987]. SDS has also been purified by repeatedly foaming whereby a 0.15% aqueous solution is made to foam and the foam is discarded, then the H2O is removed in vacuo and the residue is diluted to the required concentrations [see Cockbain & McMullen Trans Faraday Soc 47 322 1951] or by liquid-liquid extraction [see Harrold J Colloid Sci 15 280 1960]. Dry it over silica gel. For DNA work it should be dissolved in excess MeOH passed through an activated charcoal column and evaporated until it crystallises out. It has also been purified by dissolving in hot 95% EtOH (14mL/g), filtering and cooling, then drying in a vacuum desiccator. Alternatively, it is crystallised from H2O, vacuum dried, washed with anhydrous Et2O and dried in vacuum again. These operations are repeated five times [Maritato J Phys Chem 89 1341 1985, Lennox and McClelland J Am Chem Soc 108 3771 1986, Dressik J Am Chem Soc 108 7567 1986]. [Beilstein 1 IV 1847.]

Incompatibilities

Sodium lauryl sulfate reacts with cationic surfactants, causing loss of activity even in concentrations too low to cause precipitation. Unlike soaps, it is compatible with dilute acids and calcium and magnesium ions.
Sodium lauryl sulfate is incompatible with salts of polyvalent metal ions, such as aluminum, lead, tin or zinc, and precipitates with potassium salts. Solutions of sodium lauryl sulfate (pH 9.5–10.0) are mildly corrosive to mild steel, copper, brass, bronze, and aluminum.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (dental preparations; oral capsules, suspensions, and tablets; topical and vaginal preparations). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

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Sodium dodecyl sulfate Suppliers

Hunan lichen aowei industrial co. LTD
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0731-85255505-
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15021084657@139.com
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China
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Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp.
Tel
021-67601398-809
Fax
021-57711696
Email
marketing_china@spectrumchemical.com;
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China
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Univar Solutions(China) Co., Ltd.
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021-61932772 13012862996
Fax
021-60932700
Email
eric.xu@univarchina.com
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China
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Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD
Tel
021-20337333-801
Fax
021-50323701
Email
market@aladdin-e.com
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China
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Shanghai Jizhi Biochemical Technology Co. Ltd.
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400-900-4166
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3007522970@qq.com
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China
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Beijing Solarbio Science & Tecnology Co., Ltd.
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010-50973132-
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3329726100@qq.com
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China
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Nanjing NingFan Pharm-Tech CO. LTD.
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17368696818
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info@njnfpharm.com
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China
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Jiangsu Greature Bio-Medicine Co., Ltd.
Tel
0512-85557988-
Fax
0512-85557182
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xuepiao@greature.com.cn
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China
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Guangzhou Xinhui Chemical Technology Co., Ltd
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020-22116280-
Fax
020-22116280
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2622545827@qq.com
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China
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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
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View Lastest Price from Sodium dodecyl sulfate manufacturers

Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
(-)-Epicatechin 151-21-3
Price
US $3.00/KG
Min. Order
100g
Purity
99
Supply Ability
20
Release date
2021-07-12
Hebei Dongdu Import and Export Co. LTD
Product
Sodium lauryl sulfate 151-21-3
Price
US $1950.00/T
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.99%
Supply Ability
20 tons
Release date
2020-12-02
Hebei Lingding Biological Technology Co., Ltd
Product
Sodium dodecyl sulfate 151-21-3
Price
US $1200.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
9000kg/per week
Release date
2021-05-20

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