Essential oils Chemical properties Uses plant origin Specificationstraits Function The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue
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Citronella oil

Essential oils Chemical properties Uses plant origin Specificationstraits Function The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue
Product Name
Citronella oil
CAS No.
8000-29-1
Chemical Name
Citronella oil
Synonyms
Citronella Essential Oil;FEMA 2308;zitronelloel;Fema no. 2308;CITRONELLAJAVA;CINTRONELLAOIL;CITRONELLA OIL;Caswell no. 618;OIL, CITRONELLA;Oils,citronella
CBNumber
CB3310854
Formula Weight
0
MOL File
Mol file
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Citronella oil Property

Boiling point:
222 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.897 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
FEMA 
2308 | CITRONELLA OIL
refractive index 
n20/D 1.471(lit.)
Flash point:
195 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
Stability:
Stable. Flammable.
EPA Substance Registry System
Citronella oil (8000-29-1)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
WGK Germany 
2
HS Code 
33012920
Toxicity
The acute oral LD50 in rats was reported as > 5 g/kg (Shelanski & Moldovan, 1971). The acute dermal LD50 in rabbits was reported as 4.7 ml/kg (3.4-6.7 ml/kg) (Shelanski & Moldovan, 1971).
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H315Causes skin irritation

H317May cause an allergic skin reaction

H318Causes serious eye damage

H334May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled

H335May cause respiratory irritation

Precautionary statements

P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P342+P311IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
W230804
Product name
Citronella oil, Chinese 85/35
Packaging
sample-k
Price
$50
Updated
2021/12/16
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
W230804
Product name
Citronella oil, Chinese 85/35
Packaging
1kg-k
Price
$109
Updated
2021/12/16
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
W230812
Product name
Citronella oil, Java
Packaging
1kg-k
Price
$109
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
W230812
Product name
Citronella oil, Java
Packaging
sample-k
Price
$50
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
W230804
Product name
Citronella oil, Chinese 85/35
Packaging
4kg-k
Price
$265
Updated
2020/08/18
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Citronella oil Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Essential oils

Citronella oil, also known as vanilla oil is a kind of essential oil produced by the steam distillation of citronella or sub-lemongrass. It is a light yellow to light brown clear liquid, with the characteristic aroma of citronellal. The aroma of Ceylon type is thick and poor. This essential oil is insoluble in glycerol and propylene glycol, soluble in most volatile oils, mineral oils and ethanol. Java-type oil: the relative density is 0.880~0.895 (20/20 ℃); the refractive index is 1.466~1.473. Ceylon oil: the relative density is 0.894~0.910 (20/20 ℃), the refractive index is 1.479 to 1.487. The main components are citronellal (35% to 45% Java type; 5% to 16% Ceylon type), geraniol (85% Java type; 60% Ceylon), citral, eugenol, vanillin, eugenol, butanedione, benzaldehyde, methylheptenone, juniperene, isovaleraldehyde, geranyl and its esters, etc.
Citronella oil is one of the important natural spices, mainly used for soap and detergent. It is also used in repellent. But the main purpose is to acquire citronellal and geraniol from citronella oil, and further to synthesize hydroxy citronellal, rose alcohol, citral, ionone, vitamin A and a series of citronella oil spices to produce cosmetics and flavoring as well as menthol which used in the pharmaceutical industry, and repellent. Citronella oil also has the function of sterilization, anti-inflammatory, relief of swelling and pain, active, etc.
Java citronella cymbopogon wintorianus Jowitt and Ceylon citronella C.nardus Rondle are two major cultivars around the world. Java citronella is also known as Ma-hapangiri, with an oil yield of 1.2-1.4% and a total alcohol content of 80-90%: Ceylon citronella, also known as Lonabatupangiri, with an oil yield of 0.37~0.4%, and the total alcohol content of 55~65%. So Java citronella are widely planted in the world's tropical countries.
The above information is edited by the editors Tongtong from the chemicalbook.

Chemical properties

Yellow liquid; relative density: 0.8842-0.8965; refractive index: 1.4650-1.480; with a strong grass aroma.

Uses

Citronella oil is one of the important natural spices. It can be directly used as soap spices, mainly used for separation and extraction of citronellal and geraniol, and further to synthesize citronellol, hydroxy citronellal, rose alcohol, menthol and other important spices.

plant origin

derived from the whole plant distilled by citronella steam.

Specificationstraits

light yellow liquid, strong, slightly sweet, with a strong grass aroma; relative density: 0.888~0.892; refractive index (20 ℃): 1.470~1.474 ; content: more than 35% citronellal, 85% citronellol.

Function

Act as a pesticide, anophelifuge,soap perfume.

The standard of allowable maximum amount and residue

Name of additives: Citronella oil
Name of food allowable for the additive: food
Function of the additive: Spices used in food
Maximum allowable amount (g/kg): The amount of spices to compound essence should be lower than the allowable maximum amount and residue listed in GB 2760.
Maximum allowable residue (g/kg):

Description

Citronella oil is present as a repellent in many sprays that contain other repellents, pyrethrins, and synergists. These formulations have insecticidal and repellent actions against biting insects and flies on cattle, dogs, horses, and pigs. The major constituent of citronella oil is citronellal (to which the information below applies).

Chemical Properties

colourless or light yellow liquid with characteristic

Chemical Properties

Sri Lanka (Ceylon) citronella oil is produced by steam distillation of fresh or partly dried leaves and stems of the grass species Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle – the so-called lenabatu – cultivated in Sri Lanka. It is a pale yellow to brownish liquid with a fresh, grassy, camphoraceous odor.
d2020 0.891–0.910; n20D 1.479–1.490; α20D ?25 ° to ?12 °; solubility: 1 vol in not more than 2 vol of 80% ethanol at 20 ℃; ester number (after acetylation): 157–200; carbonyl number: min. 18, corresponding to min. 5% of carbonyl compounds (calculated as citronellal).The content of citronellal by GC varies from 3% to 6%. Other typical constituents are borneol (4–7%), citronellol (3–8.5%), geraniol (15–23%), and methyl isoeugenol (7–11%).
Sri Lanka (Ceylon) oil is less valuable than Java oil and is used almost exclusively for perfuming toilet soaps, washing powders, and household products. Annual production is only ~25 t.

Chemical Properties

There are two essential oils: Ceylon citronella oil and Java citronella oil. Ceylon citronella oil is obtained by steam distillation of the partially dried herb known as the lanabatu variety, while the Java citronella oil is obtained by steam or water distillation of the freshly cut or partially dried herb known as the maha pengira variety. It differs from the Ceylon citronella oil in both composition and odor. The Ceylon type has a characteristic citronellal-like odor. Java-type oil has a pronounced aldehyde (rose, lemon-like) odor.

Physical properties

The Ceylon oil is a pale yellow to yellowish-brown liquid. The Java-type oil is a clear, mobile, light yellow to brownish liquid.

Occurrence

Found in the grasses of Cymbopogon Nardus (Rendle), Andropogon Nardus (L) and Andropogon Nardus Ceylon, de Jong (Fam. Gramineae).

Uses

Soap perfumery, manufacture of hydroxycitronellal, insect repellent.

Uses

Citronella Essential Oil is the oil extracted from the plant Cymbopogon (lemongrass). It is well-known as an insect repellant.

Definition

Has both d- and l-isomers. C 9H17CHO.

Preparation

By direct steam-distillation of the dried grass.

Essential oil composition

The main constituents of citronella oil are geraniol and citronellal

Citronella oil Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

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Citronella oil Suppliers

Ji`an Borui Spice Oil Co., Ltd.
Tel
0796-8181760 13361763840
Fax
0796-8186433
Email
3142054383@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
25
Advantage
58
Jiangxi Baicao Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.,
Tel
0796-8118889-8030 15907062626
Fax
0796-8112278
Email
sales001@jxhcxl.com
Country
China
ProdList
113
Advantage
58
Jiangxi Zhonghuan New Material Co., Ltd.
Tel
0796-8107286 13766287383
Email
2246992030@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
149
Advantage
58
Ji 'an trillion spice oil co. LTD
Tel
0796-8110986 18979610200
Email
1053756189@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
90
Advantage
58
Jiangxi Xinsen Natural Vegetable Oil Co., Ltd.
Tel
0796-8284836 17379666713
Fax
0796-8284836
Email
592432494@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
291
Advantage
58
Jiangxi Baolin Natural Spices Co.Ltd.
Tel
0796-8180428 13576833965
Fax
0796-8116585
Email
1510355607@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
118
Advantage
58
Ji'an Guoguang spice factory
Tel
--
Fax
--
Email
2529415945@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
47
Advantage
58
Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009 400-005-6266
Fax
021-58436166
Email
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
43435
Advantage
61
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp.
Tel
021-67601398-809 15221380277
Fax
021-57711696
Email
marketing_china@spectrumchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
9686
Advantage
60
Shanghai Tauto Biotech Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-51320588
Fax
0086-21-51320502
Email
tauto@tautobiotech.com
Country
China
ProdList
4041
Advantage
66
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View Lastest Price from Citronella oil manufacturers

Baoji Guokang Healthchem co.,ltd
Product
Citronella oil 8000-29-1
Price
US $56.00/Kg/Drum
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
2000T
Release date
2021-06-07
WUHAN FORTUNA CHEMICAL CO., LTD
Product
Citronella oil 8000-29-1
Price
US $0.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.0%
Supply Ability
1000KG/month
Release date
2021-07-02
ZhenYiBio Technology Inc
Product
Citronella Oil,Citronella Essential Oil 8000-29-1
Price
US $22.00-18.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
100% Pure Natural
Supply Ability
800KGs
Release date
2022-01-13

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