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Vinyl acetate

Product Name
Vinyl acetate
CAS No.
108-05-4
Chemical Name
Vinyl acetate
Synonyms
VAM;VyAc;Vinile;zesett;Vinyle;Zeset T;octanwinylu;Vinylacetat;CH3CO2CH=CH2;Everflex 81L
CBNumber
CB7852732
Molecular Formula
C4H6O2
Formula Weight
86.09
MOL File
108-05-4.mol
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Vinyl acetate Property

Melting point:
-93 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
72-73 °C (lit.)
Density 
0.934 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor density 
3 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
88 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.395(lit.)
Flash point:
20 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
20g/l
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear colorless to almost colorless
PH
7 (20g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit
2.6-13.4%(V)
Water Solubility 
23 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Light Sensitive
Merck 
14,9992
BRN 
1209327
Henry's Law Constant
4.81 (calculated, Howard, 1989)
Exposure limits
NIOSH REL: 15-min ceiling 4 ppm (15 mg/m3); ACGIH TLV: TWA 10 ppm, STEL 15 ppm (adopted).
Stability:
Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with acids, bases, oxidizing agents, peroxides, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylene imine, hydrochloric acid, oleum, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, 2-aminoethanol, light. Susceptible to polymerization; commercial product may be stabilized by the addition of hydroquinone.
CAS DataBase Reference
108-05-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
2B (Vol. Sup 7, 63) 1995
NIST Chemistry Reference
Acetic acid ethenyl ester(108-05-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Vinyl acetate (108-05-4)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
F,T,Xn
Risk Statements 
11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-36-20/21/22-40-37-20
Safety Statements 
16-23-29-33-45-36/37-7-9
RIDADR 
UN 1301 3/PG 2
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
AK0875000
Autoignition Temperature
801 °F
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
3
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29153200
HS Code 
29333999
Hazardous Substances Data
108-05-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 2.92 g/kg (Smyth, Carpenter)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H225Highly Flammable liquid and vapour

H317May cause an allergic skin reaction

H319Causes serious eye irritation

H332Harmful if inhaled

H335May cause respiratory irritation

H341Suspected of causing genetic defects

H351Suspected of causing cancer

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H401Toxic to aquatic life

H412Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements

P201Obtain special instructions before use.

P202Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

P210Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.

P233Keep container tightly closed.

P240Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264Wash hands thoroughly after handling.

P264Wash skin thouroughly after handling.

P271Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P272Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

P273Avoid release to the environment.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P281Use personal protective equipment as required.

P303+P361+P353IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.

P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

P308+P313IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.

P370+P378In case of fire: Use … for extinction.

P405Store locked up.

P403+P233Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P403+P235Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.03184
Product name
Vinyl acetate
Purity
(stabilised) for synthesis
Packaging
10 mL
Price
$15.82
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
4S8486
Product name
Vinyl acetate
Purity
analytical standard
Packaging
100 mg
Price
$21.6
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.03184
Product name
Vinyl acetate
Purity
(stabilised) for synthesis
Packaging
100 mL
Price
$24.05
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
V1503
Product name
Vinyl acetate
Purity
contains 3-20 ppm hydroquinone as inhibitor, ≥99%
Packaging
1l
Price
$35
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
40327
Product name
Vinyl acetate solution
Purity
certified reference material, 5000?μg/mL in acetonitrile
Packaging
1 mL
Price
$40.2
Updated
2021/03/22
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Vinyl acetate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Description

Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM) is a colourless liquid, immiscible or slightly soluble in water. VAM is a flammable liquid. VAM has a sweet, fruity smell (in small quantities), with sharp, irritating odour at higher levels. VAM is an essential chemical building block used in a wide variety of industrial and consumer products. VAM is a key ingredient in emulsion polymers, resins, and intermediates used in paints, adhesives, coatings, textiles, wire and cable polyethylene compounds, laminated safety glass, packaging, automotive plastic fuel tanks, and acrylic fibres. Vinyl acetate is used to produce polyvinyl acetate emulsions and resins. Very small residual levels of vinyl acetate have been found present in products manufactured using VAM, such as moulded plastic items, adhesives, paints, food packaging containers, and hairspray.

Chemical Properties

colourless mobile liquid with a sweet, irritating odour

Chemical Properties

Vinyl acetate is a colorless, flammable liquid. The odor threshold is 0.12 ppm 0.3 ppm (NY, NJ).

Chemical Properties

Vinyl acetate is an organic compound with the formula CH3COOCH = CH2. A colorless liquid with a pungent odor, it is the precursor to polyvinyl acetate, an important polymer in industry.

Physical properties

Colorless, watery liquid with a pleasant, fruity odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 400 μg/m3 (120 ppbv) and 1.4 mg/m3 (400 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974).

Uses

Vinyl acetate is primarily used to produce polyvinyl acetate emulsions and polyvinyl alcohol. The principal use of these emulsions has been in adhesives, paints, textiles, and paper products.

Uses

Production of vinyl acetate polymers

Uses

In polymerized form for plastic masses, films and lacquers; in plastic film for food packaging. As modifier for food starch.

Production Methods

The worldwide production capacity of vinyl acetate monomer (VAM) was estimated at 6,154,000 tonnes/annum in 2007, with most capacity concentrated in the United States (1,585,000 all in Texas), China (1,261,000), Japan (725,000) and Taiwan (650,000) . The average list price for 2008 was $1600/tonne. Celanese is the largest producer (ca 25% of the worldwide capacity), while other significant producers include China Petrochemical Corporation (7 %), Chang Chun Group (6%) and LyondellBasell (5%).
It is a key ingredient in furniture - glue.

Preparation

The major industrial route involves the reaction of ethylene and acetic acid with oxygen in the presence of a palladium catalyst.
Ethylene + acetic acid + 1/2 O2 → Vinyl acetate +H2O
But by products are also generated:
Ethylene + 3 O2 → 2CO2 + 2H2O
Vinyl acetate is also prepared by the gas-phase addition of acetic acid to acetylene.

Reactions

Vinyl acetate undergoes many of the reactions anticipated for an alkene and an ester. Bromine adds to give the dibromide. Hydrogen halides add to give 1-haloethyl acetates, which cannot be generated by other methods because of the non - availability of the corresponding halo-alcohols. Acetic acid adds in the presence of palladium catalysts to give ethylidene diacetate, CH3CH(OAc)2. It undergoes transesterification with a variety of carboxylic acids.The alkene also undergoes Diels - Alder and 2 + 2 cycloadditions.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid. Flash point 18°F. Density 7.8 lb / gal. Slightly soluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Vapors irritate the eyes and respiratory system. May polymerize if heated or contaminated. If polymerization occurs inside a container, the container may violently rupture. Used to make adhesives, paints, and plastics.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Slightly soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Vinyl acetate may undergo spontaneous exothermic polymerization on exposure to light. Reacts with air or water to produces peroxides that initiate explosively violent polymerization. Reacts with hydrogen peroxide to form explosive peracetic acid. Reacts with oxygen to form explosive peroxides. Forms explosive Vinyl acetate ozonide on contact with ozone. Undergoes violent or explosive reactions with 2-aminoethanol, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylenediamine, mineral acids (hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, oleum), and peroxides [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 1311]. Polymerization initiated by dibenzoyl peroxide in ethyl acetate accelerated out of control, ignited and exploded [Vervalin, 1973, p. 81]. Polymerization in toluene solution has caused several large industrial explosions [MCA Case History No. 2087].

Health Hazard

Vinyl acetate has been related to reproductive abnormalities. It is a skin and upper respiratory tract irritantand a central nervous system depressant. Exposure caused gradual deterioration of heart muscles.

Fire Hazard

When heated to decomposition, Vinyl acetate burns and emits acrid fumes. Highly dangerous when exposed to heat, flames or oxidizers; explosion hazard with strong acids and strong oxidizers. Incompatible with alumina, oxidizing materials, 2-aminoethanol, chlorosulfonic acid; ethyleneimine; 36% hydrochloric acid; 48.7% hydrofluoric acid; 70% nitric acid; oleum; 96% sulfuric acid; ethylene diamine; peroxides and silica gel. Avoid light or any polymerizing initiator. Hazardous polymerization can be initiated by organic and inorganic peroxides; azo compounds; redox systems (including organometallic components); light; and high energy radiation.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Moderately toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and intraperitoneal routes. A skin and eye irritant. Experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. Highly dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidzers. A storage hazard, it may undergo spontaneous exothermic polymerization. Reaction with air or water to form peroxides that catalyze an exothermic polymerization reaction has caused several large industrial explosions. Reaction with hydrogen peroxide forms the explosive peracetic acid. Reacts with oxygen above 50℃ to form an unstable explosive peroxide. Reacts with ozone to form the explosive vinyl acetate ozonide. Solution polymerization of the acetate dmolved in toluene has resulted in large industrial explosions. Polymerization reaction with dibenzoyl peroxide + ethyl acetate may release ignitable and explosive vapors. The vapor may react vigorously with desiccants (e.g., sihca gel or alumina). Incompatible (explosive) with 2-amino ethanol, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylenediamine, ethyleneimine, HCl, HF, HNO3, oleum, peroxides, H2SO4. See also ESTERS.

Potential Exposure

Vinyl acetate is used primarily in polymerization processes to produce polyvinyl acetate; polyvinyl alcohol, and vinyl acetate copolymer. The polymers, usually made as emulsions, suspensions, solutions, or resins, are used to prepare adhesives, paints, paper coatings, and textile finishes. Low molecular weight vinyl acetate is used as a chewing gum base.

Carcinogenicity

There is inadequate evidence in humans for the carcinogenicity of vinyl acetate. There is limited evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of vinyl acetate. Therefore, IARC has classified vinyl acetate as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). This conclusion was based on the following evidence: vinyl acetate is rapidly transformed into acetaldehyde in human blood and animal tissues, there is sufficient evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of acetaldehyde, both vinyl acetate and acetaldehyde induce nasal cancer in rats after administration by inhalation, and vinyl acetate and acetaldehyde are genotoxic in human cells in vitro and in animals in vivo .

Environmental Fate

Chemical/Physical. Anticipated hydrolysis products would include acetic acid and vinyl alcohol. Slowly polymerizes in light to a colorless, transparent mass.
At an influent concentration of 1,000 mg/L, treatment with GAC resulted in an effluent concentration of 357 mg/L. The adsorbability of the carbon used was 129 mg/g carbon (Guisti et al., 1974).

Shipping

UN1301 Vinyl acetate, stabilized, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Purification Methods

Inhibitors such as hydroquinone and other impurities are removed by drying with CaCl2 and fractionally distilling under nitrogen, then refluxing briefly with a small amount of benzoyl peroxide and redistilling it under nitrogen. Store it in the dark at 0o. Add inhibitor (~0.004%) for storage. [Beilstein 2 IV 176.]

Polymerization

It can be polymerized, either by itself to make polyvinyl acetate or with other monomers to prepare copolymers such as ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA), vinyl acetate-acrylic acid (VA / AA), polyvinyl chloride acetate (PVCA), and polyvinylpyrrolidone (Vp / Va Copolymer, used in hair gels). Due to the instability of the radical, attempts to control the polymerization via most 'living/controlled' radical processes have proved problematic. However, RAFT (or more specifically MADIX) polymerization offers a convenient method of controlling the synthesis of PVA by the addition of a xanthate or a dithiocarbamate chain transfer agent.

Toxicity evaluation

On January 31, 2009, the Government of Canada's final assessment concluded that exposure to vinyl acetate is not considered to be harmful to human health . This decision under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) was based on new information received during the public comment period, as well as more recent information from the risk assessment conducted by the European Union.

Incompatibilities

Vinyl acetate may undergo spontaneous exothermic polymerization on exposure to light. Vapors may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, strong light and UV. The vapor may react vigorously with silica gel or aluminum, acids, bases, silica gel; alumina, oxidizers, azo compounds. Ozone readily polymerizes in elevated temperatures, under the influence of light, or peroxides. Usually contains a stabilizer to prevent polymerization.

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

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Vinyl acetate Suppliers

Jinan Yuanxiang Chemical Co., Ltd
Tel
0531-18853181-302
Email
1172572171@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
157
Advantage
58
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD
Tel
021-20337333-801
Fax
021-50323701
Email
market@aladdin-e.com
Country
China
ProdList
24980
Advantage
65
Shandong chuangying chemical co., ltd
Tel
1558-9901131-
Email
2235633711@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
180
Advantage
58
Jinan Century Tongda Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tel
0531-58051019- ;0531-58051019-
Fax
0531-85917596
Email
3350933950@qq.com;3350933950@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
283
Advantage
58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96815
Advantage
76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40264
Advantage
62
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30159
Advantage
84
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Fax
021-67121385
Email
Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com
Country
China
ProdList
24555
Advantage
81
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
Fax
86 (10) 60270825
Email
dtftchem@sina.com
Country
China
ProdList
3392
Advantage
62
Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009-
Fax
021-58436166
Email
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
43498
Advantage
61
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View Lastest Price from Vinyl acetate manufacturers

Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
Vinyl acetate 108-05-4
Price
US $10.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99.9%
Supply Ability
100MT/Month
Release date
2021-07-07
Anhui Rencheng Technology Co., Ltd
Product
vinyl acetate 108-05-4
Price
US $1.00-499.00/KG
Min. Order
0.5KG
Purity
>99%
Supply Ability
20tons
Release date
2021-01-09
Shandong Yanshuo Chemical Co., Ltd.
Product
Vinyl Acetate Monomer (VAM) 108-05-4
Price
US $260.00/Kg/Drum
Min. Order
15200KG
Purity
99.0%
Supply Ability
500tons/month
Release date
2021-08-30

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