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Sunset Yellow FCF

Basic information Safety Supplier Related

Sunset Yellow FCF Basic information

Product Name:
Sunset Yellow FCF
Synonyms:
  • SUNSET YELLOW
  • SUNSET YELLOW FCF
  • Sodium (E)-6-hydroxy-5-((4-sulfonatophenyl)diazenyl)naphthalene-2-sulfonate
  • Water Yellow 2
  • 1-(Phenylazo)-2-naphthol-4',6-disulfonic acid disodium
  • 1-(p-Sodiosulfophenylazo)-2-hydroxynaphthalene-6-sulfonic acid sodium
  • Sunset Yellow FCF,Food Yellow 3
  • 6-Hydroxy-5-[2-(4-sulfophenyl)diazenyl]-2-naphthalenesulfonic Acid SodiuM Salt
CAS:
2783-94-0
MF:
C16H10N2Na2O7S2
MW:
452.37
EINECS:
220-491-7
Product Categories:
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Colors by Food Sanitation Law in Japan
  • Aromatics
  • Intermediates & Fine Chemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Azo
  • Sulfur & Selenium Compounds
Mol File:
2783-94-0.mol
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Sunset Yellow FCF Chemical Properties

Melting point:
390°C (dec.)
Boiling point:
162.4°C
solubility 
Soluble in water, ethanol
Colour Index 
15985
form 
crystals
color 
Orange-red
Water Solubility 
5-10 g/100 mL at 24 ºC
λmax
480 nm
Merck 
14,9001
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Biological Applications
Medical devices; treating bone metabolic diseases,dermatological disorders,mitochondrial diseases,respiratory illness
CAS DataBase Reference
2783-94-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
3 (Vol. 8, Sup 7) 1987
EPA Substance Registry System
C.I. Food Yellow 3 (2783-94-0)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38
Safety Statements 
26-36
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
QK2450000
HS Code 
32129000
Hazardous Substances Data
2783-94-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 in rats, mice (g/kg): >10, >6 orally (Gaunt, 1967)
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Sunset Yellow FCF Usage And Synthesis

Description

FD & C Yellow No. 6 is principally the disodium salt of 6-hydroxy5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-napthalenesulfonic acid. The trisodiumsalt of 3-hydroxy-4-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2,7-napthal-enedisul- fonic acid may be added in small amounts.
The colorant is an orange powder that dissolves in water to give a solution yellow-orange at neutrality or in acid and red-brown in base. When dissolved in concentrated sulfuric acid, it yields an orange solution that turns yellow when diluted with water. It is slightly soluble in 95% ethanol.
FD & C Yellow No. 6 is used in various food items including dessert powders, cereals, bakery goods, snack foods, confectionery products, maraschino cherries, sausage, ice cream, sherbet, dairy products, and beverages. It is also used in cosmetics, ingested and externally applied drugs and dietary supplements.1 .

Chemical Properties

orange-red crystals or powder

Uses

Sunset Yellow FCF (FD&C Yellow #6) is a colorant. It has good stability to changes in ph, showing no appreciable change at ph 3–8. It has excellent solubility in water with a solubility of 19 g in 100 ml at 25°c. It has moderate stability to light, fair stability to oxidation, good stability to heat, and shows appreciable change in 10% sugar systems. It has a reddishyellow hue and has good tinctorial strength. It has moderate compatibility with food components and is used in beverages, bakery goods, dessert confections, and ice cream.

Uses

Provisionally listed for use in food, drugs and cosmetics. Sunset Yellow is useful in fermented foods which must be heat treated. It may be found in orange sodas, orange jelly, marzipan, Swiss rolls, apricot jam, citrus marmalade, lemon curd, sweets, hot chocolate mix and packet soups, trifle mix, breadcrumbs, snack chips, shelf fresh noodles, cheese sauce mixes. Sunset Yellow is a sulfonated ver sion of Sudan I, a possible carcinogen. Sunset Yellow itself may be responsible for causing an allergic reaction in people with an aspirin intolerance, resulting in various symptoms, including gastric upset, diarrhea, vomiting, nettle rash (urticaria), swelling of the skin (angioedema) and migraines.

Uses

Provisionally listed for use in food, drugs and cosmetics.

General Description

Orange-red crystals or a red powder.

Air & Water Reactions

Azo dyes can be explosive when suspended in air at specific concentrations. Soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Food Yellow 3 is an azo compound. Azo, diazo, azido compounds can detonate. This applies in particular to organic azides that have been sensitized by the addition of metal salts or strong acids. Toxic gases are formed by mixing materials of this class with acids, aldehydes, amides, carbamates, cyanides, inorganic fluorides, halogenated organics, isocyanates, ketones, metals, nitrides, peroxides, phenols, epoxides, acyl halides, and strong oxidizing or reducing agents. Flammable gases are formed by mixing materials in this group with alkali metals. Explosive combination can occur with strong oxidizing agents, metal salts, peroxides, and sulfides.

Health Hazard

SYMPTOMS: It can cause enlargement of the caecum and weight loss.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Food Yellow 3 are not available; however, Food Yellow 3 is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Low toxicity by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx and SOx.

Sunset Yellow FCFSupplier

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