- Product Name:
- Nelfinavir Regeoisomer
- AG 1341; AG-1341; AG1341
- Product Categories:
- Mol File:
NELFINAVIR Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- 185-186 °C
- D -119.23° (c = 0.26 in methanol)
- Boiling point:
- 786.8±60.0 °C(Predicted)
- 1.22±0.1 g/cm3(Predicted)
- pKa1 6.0; pKa2 11.06(at 25℃)
- Water Solubility
- 7g/L(temperature not stated)
NELFINAVIR Usage And Synthesis
ChEBI: An aryl sulfide that is used (as its mesylate salt) for treatment of HIV and also exhibits some anticancer properties.
Nelfinavir (Viracept) is probably the most commonly used protease inhibitor because of its low incidence of serious adverse effects. Its most common side effects are diarrhea and flatulence; these may resolve with continued use. In addition to the drugs contraindicated for use with all protease inhibitors, amiodarone, rifampin, and quinidine are contraindicated in patients taking nelfinavir.
Nelfinavir inhibits HIV-1 and HIV-2 proteases. Bioavailability is affected to only a limited degree by combination with lowdose ritonavir.
Resistance is most frequently selected through a D30N mutation in the HIV protease. An L90M mutation also confers resistance.
A synthetic chemical formulated as the mesylate for oral administration.
Oral absorption: c. 70–80% (with food)
Cmax 750 mg thrice daily: c. 3–4 mg/L
1250 mg twice daily: c. 4 mg/L
Cmin 750 mg thrice daily: c. 1–3 mg/L
1250 mg twice daily: c. 0.7–2.2 mg/L
Plasma half-life: c. 3.5 h
Volume of distribution: c. 2–7 L/kg
Plasma protein binding: >98%
Absorption and distribution
Food improves the bioavailability and the drug should be administered with a light meal. The semen:plasma ratio is 0.07. It is distributed into breast milk.
Metabolism and excretion
One major and several minor oxidative metabolites are found in plasma. Most of an oral dose is recovered in feces as unchanged drug (22%) and metabolites (78%). The remainder is recovered in urine, mainly unchanged.
An increase in the area under the time–concentration curve (AUC) has been observed in patients with hepatic impairment, but specific dose recommendations have not been made.
Treatment of HIV infection (in combination with other antiretroviral drugs)
The most common adverse effect is diarrhea of mild to moderate severity. Other side effects include nausea, fatigue, vomiting and headache. It is associated with less dyslipidemia in comparison with ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors.
Following oral administration, nelfinavir peak levels in plasma ranged from 0.34 mg/mL (10 mg/kg in the dog) to 1.7 mg/mL (50 mg/kg in the rat). In the dog, nelfinavir was slowly absorbed, and bioavailability was 47%. The drug appeared to be metabolized in the liver, and the major excretory route was in feces.
- 021-54306202- ; ;
- Nelfinavir RegeoisoMer (IMpurity D)
- Nelfinavir Related Compound A (15 mg) ((3S,4aS,8aS)-N-tert-Butyl-2-[(2R,3R)-2-hydroxy-3-(3-hydroxy-2-methylbenzamido)-4-(phenylsulfinyl)butyl]decahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxamide)
- NICKEL AND VANADIUM IN RESIDUAL FUEL OIL
- Intermediate For Nelfinavir,N-Benzyloxycarbonyl-S-Phenyl-L-Cysteine *(Intermediate of Nelfinavir)
- NELFINAVIR MESYLATES
- NELFINAVIR MESYLATE,Nelfinavir1,Nelfinavir nesylate
- Decahydro- 3 –Isoquinoline Carboxamide Mono Benzoate, Nelfinavir Mesylate,
- AKOS 92069
- NELFINAVIR HYDROXY-TERT-BUTYLAMIDE