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Succinimide

Product Name
Succinimide
CAS No.
123-56-8
Chemical Name
Succinimide
Synonyms
SI;Orotric;BUTANIMIDE;succiminide;SUCCINIMIDE;Lubrizol 2153;Lubrizol 6406;Succinic imide;Succinimide >Succinimide,~99%
CBNumber
CB4852973
Molecular Formula
C4H5NO2
Formula Weight
99.09
MOL File
123-56-8.mol
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Succinimide Property

Melting point:
123-125 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
285-290 °C (lit.)
Density 
1.41
vapor pressure 
<1 hPa (50 °C)
refractive index 
1.4166 (estimate)
Flash point:
201 °C
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
330g/l
pka
9.6(at 25℃)
form 
Powder or Flakes
color 
Off-white to beige to light brown
PH
4-6 (200g/l, H2O)
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water and ethanol. Insoluble in ether and chloroform.
Merck 
14,8871
BRN 
108440
InChIKey
KZNICNPSHKQLFF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
123-56-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
2,5-Pyrrolidinedione(123-56-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Succinimide (123-56-8)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
Xi
Risk Statements 
36/37/38
Safety Statements 
22-24/25-36-26-S24/25
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
WN2200000
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
29251995
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 14 g/kg (Melon)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.07971
Product name
Succinimide
Purity
for synthesis
Packaging
250 g
Price
$48.28
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.07971
Product name
Succinimide for synthesis. CAS 123-56-8, pH 4 - 6 (200 g/l, H O)., for synthesis
Packaging
8079710250
Price
$50.4
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
S9381
Product name
Succinimide
Packaging
500g
Price
$92.9
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.07971
Product name
Succinimide
Purity
for synthesis
Packaging
1 kg
Price
$171.12
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
S0108
Product name
Succinimide
Purity
>98.0%(T)
Packaging
25g
Price
$15
Updated
2021/03/22
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Succinimide Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

white crystalline powder

Uses

Growth stimulants for plants, organic synthesis.

Preparation

To a flask equipped with a dropping funnel, mechanical stirrer, and a 40 cm long side arm of not less than 10 mm inside diameter is added 236 gm (2.0 mole) of succinic acid. The flask is cooled and 270 ml (4.0 moles) of 28% aqueous ammonia is slowly added with stirring. The flask is rapidly heated with an oil bath until 200 ml of water distils. The temperature of the bath is rapidly raised to 275°C. Succinimide starts to distil over the range 275-289°C, to afford 168 gm of crude product which solidifies on cooling. The intermediate fraction, boiling between 102° and 275°C, is redistilled to afford 10.0 gm of crude succinimide, b.p. 275-289°C. The combined product (178 gm) is added to 178 gm of hot ethanol. The solution is cooled, the crystals filtered, washed with 25 ml of cold ethanol, and dried to afford 163-164 gm (82-83%), m.p. 123-125°C. Approximately 4-5 gm of additional product may be obtained by concen­trating the mother liquor.
Recent Japanese patents suggested inert aprotic solvents such as cyclic amides (e.g., N-methylpyrrolidone, N-acetyl-2-pyrrolidone, DMF, or tet-ramethylurea) and azeotroping solvents (e.g., toluene, 0-xylene, hexane, or pentane) or other high-boiling solvents (e.g., chlorobenzene or chlo-rotoluene) as dehydrating agents for the formation of imides from di­basic acids (e.g., 3- and/or 4) hydroxyphthalic acid with a large variety of diamines including diaminosiloxanes such as bis (3-aminopropyl)-tetra-methylsiloxane.

Definition

ChEBI: A dicarboximide that is pyrrolidine which is substituted by oxo groups at positions 2 and 5.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 102, p. 7448, 1980 DOI: 10.1021/ja00545a009
Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 2, p. 562, 1943

Purification Methods

Crystallise the imide from EtOH (1mL/g) or water. [Beilstein 21 H 369, 21/9 V 438.]

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View Lastest Price from Succinimide manufacturers

Baoji Guokang Healthchem co.,ltd
Product
Succinimide 123-56-8
Price
US $35.00/KG
Min. Order
1公斤
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
10TONS
Release date
2021-06-07
Anhui Rencheng Technology Co., Ltd
Product
Succinimide 123-56-8
Price
US $15.00-30.00/KG
Min. Order
0.5KG
Purity
>99%
Supply Ability
20tons
Release date
2021-01-09
Hebei Zhanyao Biotechnology Co. Ltd
Product
Succinimide 123-56-8
Price
US $10.00/Kg/Bag
Min. Order
1Kg/Bag
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
5000kg/month
Release date
2021-03-08

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