Basic information Description References Safety Supplier Related
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Cetirizine hydrochloride

Basic information Description References Safety Supplier Related

Cetirizine hydrochloride Basic information

Product Name:
Cetirizine hydrochloride
Synonyms:
  • (2-(4-((4-chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl)-1-piperazinyl)ethoxy)aceticaciddihydro
  • 2-[2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)-phenyl-methyl]piperazin-1-yl]ethoxy]acetic acid dihydrochloride
  • Cetirizine Hydrochloride (250 mg)
  • Alercet
  • Alerid
  • Cesta
  • Cetiriz
  • Cetrak
CAS:
83881-52-1
MF:
C21H26Cl2N2O3
MW:
425.35
EINECS:
620-533-8
Product Categories:
  • API
  • Aromatics, Heterocycles, Metabolites & Impurities, Pharmaceuticals, Intermediates & Fine Chemicals
  • Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients
  • Intermediates & Fine Chemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • DOPRAM
  • Histamine receptor
  • Aromatics
  • Heterocycles
  • Metabolites & Impurities
Mol File:
83881-52-1.mol
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Cetirizine hydrochloride Chemical Properties

Melting point:
110-115°C
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
H2O: soluble5mg/mL, clear
form 
powder
color 
white to beige
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water, DMSO, ethanol, and methanol.
Merck 
14,2022
Stability:
Hygroscopic
InChIKey
PGLIUCLTXOYQMV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
83881-52-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Acetic acid, 2-[2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]ethoxy]-, hydrochloride (1:2) (83881-52-1)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn,Xi
Risk Statements 
22-36/37/38
Safety Statements 
26-36
RIDADR 
3249
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
AG0977500
HazardClass 
6.1(b)
PackingGroup 
III
HS Code 
29339900

MSDS

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Cetirizine hydrochloride Usage And Synthesis

Description

Cetirizine hydrochloride is an orally-active and selective histamine (H1)-receptor antagonist. It is a second-generation antihistamine and a human metabolite of hydroxyzine. Three important features of cetirizine are: a high specificity fort he H1-receptor; a low need for metabolism, and the existence of non-H1-dependent activities on cells involved in the pathogenesis of allergy.
Cetirizine is used to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR), perennial allergic rhinitis, useful in treating urticaria and atopic dermatitis. Cetirizine possesses also mild anti-inflammatory effects.

References

[1] E. J. Corey and Christopher J. Helal, Catalytic Enantioselective Synthesis of the Second-Generation Histamine Antagonist Cetirizine Hydrochloride, Tetrahedron Letters, 1996, vol. 37, 4837-4840
[2] Jay M. Portnoy and Chitra Dinakar, Review of cetirizine hydrochloride for the treatment of allergic disorders, Journal of Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, 2004, vol. 5, 125-135

Description

Cetirizine hydrochloride is a once-daily, non-sedating antihistamine useful in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, urticaria and conjunctivitis. It is reported to be more effective than most other agents in this category such as terfenadine and astemizole.

Chemical Properties

Cetirizine Hydrochloride occurs as a white crystalline powder or crystalline solid. It is very soluble in water, and slightly soluble in ethanol (99.5). It dissolves in 0.1 mol/L hydrochloric acid TS. A solution of Cetirizine Hydrochloride (1 in 10) shows no optical rotation.

Originator

UCB (Belgium)

Uses

Cetirizine hydrochloride is a nonsedating type histamine H1-receptor antagonist. A major metabolite of Hydroxyzine. Pharmacological activity resides primarily in the (R)-isomer. It is Cetirizine is an antihistamine medicine that is effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, chronic urticaria, and pollen-induced asthma. Unlike many traditional antihistamines, it does not cause drowsiness or anticholinergic side effects.

Application

Cetirizine Hydrochloride may be used as a pharmaceutical reference standard for the determination of the analyte in pharmaceutical formulations by various chromatography techniques.

Indications

Cetirizine HCl (Zyrtec) is the carboxylic acid metabolite of hydroxyzine. It is a selective, peripheral H1 receptor antagonist. It is a long-lasting antihistamine. It does not appear to have the same adverse cardiac effects as the other nonsedating H1 antihistamines; however, additional data are required. Indicated for allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria.

Definition

ChEBI: Cetirizine hydrochloride is a diarylmethane.

Manufacturing Process

Preparation of 2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]- ethoxy]acetic acid (cetirizine).
To a mixture of 50 g 2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]- ethanol and 225 ml of tert-butanol at 45°C under a nitrogen was added 21 g tert-BuOK. The temperature was raised to 75-80°C and the mixture was kept at this temperature. After 45 min was added 11 g sodium chloracetate; after 1.5 hour was added 5.2 g tert-BuOK; after 2 hours was added 5.64 g sodium chloracetate; after 2.5 hours was added 1.9 g tert-BuOK; after 3 hours was added 1.9 g sodium chloracetate; after 3.5 hours was added 0.8 g tert-BuOK; and after 4 hours was added 1.13 g sodium chloracetate. Then about 150 ml tert-butanol was distilled of, 190 ml of water was added and the distillation of tert-butanol was continued until the temperature of the vapour reaches 100°C. To the reaction mixture was added 60 ml of water and 8 ml concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 8. Unreacted 2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl) phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]-ethanol was extracted with diethyl ether. The aqueous phase was acidified to pH 5 by addition of hydrochloric acid and extracted with dichloromethane (200 ml x 3). The extract was dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated in a rotary evaporator. An obtained oil was allowed to crystallize by addition of 150 ml of 2-butanone, yields of 2-[4-[(4- chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]-ethoxy]acetic acid 55.5%, M.P. 146-148°C.
32.7 g 2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]-ethoxy]acetic acid was suspended in a mixture of 125 ml of water and 13.8 ml 37% aqueous hydrochloric acid. The mixture was concentrated in a rotary evaporator. An obtained oil was allowed to crystallize by addition of 245 ml of 2-butanone, yields of 2-[4-[(4-chlorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1-piperazinyl]-ethoxy]acetic acid dihydrochloride 88%, M.P. 228.22°C.

brand name

Zyrtec (Pfizer).

Therapeutic Function

Antihistaminic; Antiallergic

General Description

Cetirizine hydrochloride, a second generation antihistaminic drug, is one of the carboxylated metabolites of hydroxyzine that can typically bind to histamine H1 receptor. It is effective against diseases such as urticaria, angioedema, allergies and hay fever.

Biological Activity

Histamine H 1 receptor antagonist that displays selectivity over other receptors at concentrations up to 10 μ M. A non-sedating antihistamine that inhibits histamine release and eosinophil chemotaxis during secondary phase allergic response. Inhibits activation of eosinophils, neutrophils and monocytes in vivo .

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cetirizine hydrochloride is an orally active and selective H1-receptor antagonist. Antihistaminic; Piperazines. Non-sedating type histamine H1-receptor antagonist; major metabolite of hydroxyzine. Pharmacological activity resides primarily in the (R)-isomer.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Cetirizine is a H1 receptor blocking antihistamine agent that may be useful for the adjunctive treatment of histamine-mediated pruritic conditions in dogs or cats.

Drug interactions

Potentially hazardous interactions with other drugs
Antivirals: concentration possibly increased by ritonavir.

Metabolism

Cetirizine does not undergo extensive first pass metabolism.
About two thirds of the dose is excreted unchanged in urine.

Dosage forms

5 to 10mg daily.

Cetirizine hydrochloride Supplier

Sichuan Aupone Pharmaceutical Trading Co. , Ltd. Gold
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