Hexamethyldisilazane Basic information
- Product Name:
- hexamethyl disilizane
- Product Categories:
- API Intermediate
- Pharmaceutical Intermediates
- Blocking Agents
- Protective Agents
- Silylating Agents
- Analytical Chemistry
- GC Derivatizing Reagents
- Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Related Reagents
- Protecting Agents for Hydroxyl and Amino Groups
- Protecting Agents, Phosphorylating Agents & Condensing Agents
- Si (Classes of Silicon Compounds)
- Silicon Compounds (for Synthesis)
- Silylation (GC Derivatizing Reagents)
- Si-N Compounds
- Synthetic Organic Chemistry
- Trimethylsilylation (GC Derivatizing Reagents)
- organosilicon compound
- Chemical Synthesis
- Organometallic Reagents
- Materials for Surface Modification
- Substrates and Electrode Materials
- Electronic Chemicals
- Materials Science
- Organic and Printed Electronics
- Semiconductor Grade Chemicals
- Mol File:
Hexamethyldisilazane Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- -78 °C
- Boiling point:
- 125 °C (lit.)
- 0.774 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
- vapor density
- 4.6 (vs air)
- vapor pressure
- 20 hPa (20 °C)
- refractive index
- n20/D 1.407(lit.)
- Flash point:
- 57.2 °F
- storage temp.
- Store below +30°C.
- Miscible with acetone, benzene, ethyl ether, heptane and perchloroethylene.
- 30(at 25℃)
- Specific Gravity
- Ammonia odour
- PH Range
- explosive limit
- Water Solubility
- Moisture Sensitive
- Hydrolytic Sensitivity
- 7: reacts slowly with moisture/water
- 0.23-1.19 at 20-25℃
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 999-97-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
- NIST Chemistry Reference
- Silanamine, 1,1,1-trimethyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)-(999-97-3)
- EPA Substance Registry System
- Hexamethyldisilazane (999-97-3)
- Hazard Codes
- Risk Statements
- Safety Statements
- UN 3286 3/PG 2
- WGK Germany
- Autoignition Temperature
- 325 °C
- Hazard Note
- HS Code
- 2931 90 00
- Hazardous Substances Data
- 999-97-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
- LDLO i.p. in mice: 650 mg/kg (Petrarch Systems Inc. Product Information Sheets)
- Language:English Provider:ACROS
- Language:English Provider:SigmaAldrich
- Language:English Provider:ALFA
Hexamethyldisilazane Usage And Synthesis
Hexamethyldisilazane is a bulk organo silicon compound, being a quite useful silanizing agent. It is a reagent for the preparation of trimethylsilyl derivatives. It can also be used to dehydrate cells of biomaterials for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Moreover, it is an adhesion promoter for photoresist in photolithography, and is also useful in the pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to enhance the detectability of compounds with polar functional groups.
Hexamethyldisilazane, also known as HMDS, is an important organosilicon compound, a colorless and transparent liquid. It is readily hydrolyzed and gives off NH3 to produce hexamethyldisilyl ether. In the presence of a catalyst, it reacts with alcohols or phenols to produce trimethylalkoxysilane or trimethylaroxysilane. Reacts with anhydrous hydrogen chloride, releasing NH3 or NH4Cl, to produce trimethylchlorosilane.
Colorless transparent and easy flowing liquid. Boiling point 125℃, relative density 0.76 (20/4℃). Soluble in organic solvents, it will be rapidly hydrolyzed in contact with air to form trimethylsilanol and hexamethyldisilyl ether.
Hexamethyldisilazane mainly used as methyl silane alkylation (such as amikacin, penicillin, cephalosporins and kinds of penicillin derivatives), hydroxyl protectants of antibiotics. It is used as surface treatment agent of diatomite, white carbon black, titanium and blond additives of photoresist in the semiconductor industry. It is used as treatment agent of tearing strength resistance. It is used as a solvent in organic synthesis and organometallic chemistry. It is used as an adhesion promoter for photoresist in photolithography. it is used for the preparation of trimethylsilyl ethers from hydroxy compounds. It is used as an alternative to critical point drying during sample preparation in electron microscopy. It is added to analyte to get silylated diagnostic products during pyrolysis in gas chromatography- mass spectrometry.
ChEBI: Hexamethyldisilazane is an N-silyl compound obtained from ammonia by replacement of two of the hydrogens with trimethylsilyl groups. Hexamethyldisilazane is a derivatisation agent used in gas chromatography mass spectrometry applications. It has a role as a chromatographic reagent. It derives from a hydride of an ammonia.
Hexamethyldisilazane(HMDS) is an extremely versatile and strong silylating agent. It is primarily used for the protection of sensitive functional groups during chemical synthesis.One of the advantages of Hexamethyldisilazane over chlorosilanes is that no base is needed as a hydrochloric acid acceptor. It produces ammonia which escapes easily from the reaction mixture during silylation.
Hexamethyldisilazane appears as a liquid. May be toxic by ingestion. Irritates skin and eyes. Vapors are heavier than air. May emit highly toxic nitrogen oxide fumes when heated to decomposition. Used to deactivate chromatography support materials and to promote adhesion of photoresists in the electronics industry.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Moisture sensitive.
Hexamethyldisilazane reacts with many carbonyl containing organic compounds to generate gaseous ammonia. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen may be generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
Flammable, moderate fire risk.
Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
A possible impurity is Me3SiCl. Wash it well with pet ether and fractionate it through a vacuum jacketed column packed with Helipac using a reflux ratio of 10:1. [Langer et al. J Org Chem 23 50 1958, Beilstein 4 IV 4014.]
Deng, Xiang. "Hexamethyldisilazane." Synlett 2011.06(2011):881-882. Chiavari, G, D. Fabbri, and S. Prati. "Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of products arising from pyrolysis of amino acids in the presence of hexamethyldisilazane." Journal of Chromatography A922.1–2(2001):235-241.
Nation, J. L. "A new method using hexamethyldisilazane for preparation of soft insect tissues for scanning electron microscopy." Stain Technology 58.6(1983):347-51.
Hexamethyldisilazane Preparation Products And Raw materials
- 021-37318802 18616909727
Hexamethyldisilazane(999-97-3)Related Product Information
- Sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
- llthium(hexamethyldisilazane),LITHIUM HEXAMETHYLDISILAZANE,HEXAMETHYLDISILAZANE LITHIUM SALT,1,1,1,3,3,3-HEXAMETHYLDISILAZANE LITHIUM SALT
- Potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide
- HEXAETHYL DISILAZANE