description Product Features Uses Synthesis Usage Instruction
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Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose

description Product Features Uses Synthesis Usage Instruction
Product Name
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
CAS No.
9004-32-4
Chemical Name
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
Synonyms
b10;cmc2;s75m;7h3sf;carbo;cmc7h;cmc7m;CMC-Na;Cellex;cmc41a
CBNumber
CB5209844
Molecular Formula
C6H7O2(OH)2CH2COONa
Formula Weight
0
MOL File
9004-32-4.mol
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Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose Property

Melting point:
274 °C (dec.)
Density 
1,6 g/cm3
FEMA 
2239 | CARBOXYMETHYLCELLULOSE
storage temp. 
room temp
solubility 
H2O: 20 mg/mL, soluble
pka
4.30(at 25℃)
form 
low viscosity
color 
White to light yellow
Odor
Odorless
PH
pH (10g/l, 25℃) 6.0~8.0
PH Range
6.5 - 8.5
Water Solubility 
soluble
Merck 
14,1829
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
EPA Substance Registry System
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (9004-32-4)
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Safety

Risk Statements 
40
Safety Statements 
24/25
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
FJ5950000
3
Autoignition Temperature
698 °F
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
39123100
Toxicity
LD50 oral in rabbit: > 27gm/kg
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
17851-M
Product name
Aquacide II
Packaging
1kg-m
Price
$94.1
Updated
2020/08/18
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
1096553
Product name
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium
Purity
United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Packaging
1.5g
Price
$414
Updated
2020/08/18
TCI Chemical
Product number
C0045
Product name
Carboxymethyl Cellulose Sodium n(=:)500
Packaging
25g
Price
$21
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
C0045
Product name
Carboxymethyl Cellulose Sodium n(=:)500
Packaging
500g
Price
$48
Updated
2021/03/22
Alfa Aesar
Product number
A18105
Product name
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt
Packaging
2500g
Price
$216
Updated
2021/03/22
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Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

description

Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose is a water-soluble polymer. As a solution in water, it has thixotropic properties. It is useful in helping to hold the components of pyrotechnic compositions in aqucous suspension (e.g., in the making of black match). It is also an especially effective binder that can be used in small amounts in compositions, where the binder can intcrfere with the intended effect (e.g., in strobe compositions). However, its sodium content obviously precludes its use in most color compositions. Sodium carboxymethyl-cellulose is manufactured from cellulose by various proccsses that replacc some of the hy drogen atoms in the hydroxyl[OH] groups of the cellulose molecule with acidic carboxymethyl [-CH2CO.OH] groups,which are neutralized to form the corresponding sodium salt. Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose is white when pure; industrial grade material may be grayish-white or cream granules or powder.

Product Features

Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is tackifier, at room temperature, it is non-toxic tasteless white flocculent powder, it is stable and soluble in water, aqueous solution is neutral or alkaline transparent viscous liquid, it is soluble in other water-soluble gums and resins, it is insoluble in organic solvents such as ethanol. Carboxymethyl cellulose is the substituted product of cellulosic carboxymethyl group. According to their molecular weight or degree of substitution, it can be completely dissolved or insoluble polymer, the latter can be used as the weak acid cation of exchanger to separate neutral or basic proteins.
Carboxymethyl cellulose can form highly viscous colloidal solution with adhesive, thickening, flowing, emulsifying, shaping, water, protective colloid, film forming, acid, salt, suspensions and other characteristics, and it is physiologically harmless, so it is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, oil, paper, textiles, construction and other areas of production.

Uses

Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is frequently called simply carboxymethyl cellulose and also known as cellulose gum. It is derived from purified cellulose from cotton and wood pulp. It is a water dispersible sodium salt of carboxy-methyl ether of cellulose that forms a clear colloidal solution. It is a hygroscopic material that has the ability to absorb more than 50% of water at high humidity. It is also a natural polymeric derivative that can be used in detergents, food and textile industries.
CMC is one of the most important products of cellulose ethers, which are formed by natural cellulose modification as a kind of cellulose derivate with an ether structure. Due to the fact that the acid form of CMC has poor water solubility, it is usually preserved as sodium carboxymethylcellulose, which is widely used in many industries and regarded as monosodium glutamate in industry.
CMC is used in cigarette adhesive, fabric sizing, footwear paste meal, home slimy. It is used in interior painting architectural, building lines melamine, thickening mortar, concrete enhancement. It is used in refractory fiber, ceramic production molding bond. It is used in oil drilling, exploration address slurry thickening, reducing water loss, quality paper surface sizing. It can be used as soap and washing powder detergent active additives, as well as other industrial production on the dispersion, emulsification, stability, suspension, film, paper, polishing and the like. Quality product can be used for toothpaste, medicine, food and other industrial sectors.

Synthesis

Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose is formed when cellulose reacts with mono chloroacetic acid or its sodium salt under alkaline condition with presence of organic solvent, hydroxyl groups substituted by Sodium carboxymethyl groups in C2, C3 and C6 of glucose, which substitution slightly prevails at C2 position.
Generally, there are two steps in manufacturing process of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, alkalinization and etherification.
Step 1: Alkalinization
Disperse the raw material cellulose pulp in alkali solution (generally sodium hydroxide, 5–50%) to obtain alkali cellulose.
Cell-OH+NaOH →Cell·O-Na+ +H2O
Step 2: Etherification
Etherification of alkali cellulose with sodium monochloroacetate (up to 30%) in an alcohol-water medium. The mixture of alkali cellulose and reagent is heated (50–75°C) and stirred during the process.
ClCH2COOH+NaOH→ClCH2COONa+H2O
Cell·O-Na+ +ClCH2COO- →Cell-OCH2COO-Na
The DS of the sodium CMC can be controlled by the reaction conditions and use of organic solvents (such as isopropanol).
https://www.longdom.org
https://foodadditives.net

Usage Instruction

Use warm water or cold water when preparing the solution, and stir till it completely melts. The amout of added water depends on variety and the use of multiple requirements.
High viscosity sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (HV-CMC) is a white or slightly yellow fibrous powder, hygroscopic, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, easy to ferment, insoluble in acids, alcohols and organic solvents, easily dispersed to form colloidal solution in water. It is reacted by the acid and fibrous cotton, it is mainly used for water-based drilling fluids tackifier, it has certain role of fluid loss, it has strong salt and temperature resistance especially.

Chemical Properties

Carboxymethylcellulose sodium occurs as a white to almost white, odorless, tasteless, granular powder. It is hygroscopic after drying.

Uses

cellulose gum (Carboxymethyl cellulose) is a thickener, binder, and emulsifier equivalent to cellulose fiber. It is resistant to bacterial decomposition and provides a product with uniform viscosity. It can prevent skin moisture loss by forming a film on the skin’s surface, and also help mask odor in a cosmetic product. Constituents are any of several fibrous substances consisting of the chief part of a plant’s cell walls (often extracted from wood pulp or cotton).

Uses

In drilling muds, in detergents as a soil-suspending agent, in resin emulsion paints, adhesives, printing inks, textile sizes, as protective colloid in general. As stabilizer in foods. Pharmaceutic aid (suspending agent; tablet excipient; viscosity-increasing agent).

Definition

A semisynthetic, water-soluble polymer in which CH 2 COOH groups are substituted on the glucose units of the cellulose chain through an ether link- age. Mw ranges from 21,000 to 500,000. Since the reaction occurs in an alkaline medium, the prod- uct is the sodium salt of the carboxylic acid R-O- CH 2 COONa.

Production Methods

Alkali cellulose is prepared by steeping cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton fibers in sodium hydroxide solution. The alkaline cellulose is then reacted with sodium monochloroacetate to produce carboxymethylcellulose sodium. Sodium chloride and sodium glycolate are obtained as by-products of this etherification.

brand name

Celluvisc (Allergan); Refresh Plus, Cellufresh Formula (Allergan).

Pharmaceutical Applications

Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (NaCMC) is the sodium salt of carboxymethyl cellulose, an anionic derivative.It is widely used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations, primarily for its viscosity-increasing properties. Viscous aqueous solutions are used to suspend powders intended for either topical application or oral and parenteral administration. Carboxymethylcellulose sodium may also be used as a tablet binder and disintegrant, and to stabilize emulsions.
Higher concentrations, usually 3–6%, of the medium-viscosity grade are used to produce gels that can be used as the base for applications and pastes; glycols are often included in such gels to prevent them drying out. Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is also used in self-adhesive ostomy, wound care, and dermatological patches as a muco-adhesive and to absorb wound exudate or transepidermal water and sweat. This muco-adhesive property is used in products designed to prevent post-surgical tissue adhesions; and to localize and modify the release kinetics of active ingredients applied to mucous membranes; and for bone repair. Encapsulation with carboxymethylcellulose sodium can affect drug protection and delivery. There have also been reports of its use as a cyto-protective agent.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is also used in cosmetics, toiletries, surgical prosthetics, and incontinence, personal hygiene, and food products.

Safety Profile

Mildly toxic by ingestion. Experimental reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. It migrates to food from packagmg materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NazO. See also POLYMERS, SOLUBLE.

Safety

Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is used in oral, topical, and some parenteral formulations. It is also widely used in cosmetics, toiletries, and food products, and is generally regarded as a nontoxic and nonirritant material. However, oral consumption of large amounts of carboxymethylcellulose sodium can have a laxative effect; therapeutically, 4–10 g in daily divided doses of the medium- and high-viscosity grades of carboxymethylcellulose sodium have been used as bulk laxatives.
The WHO has not specified an acceptable daily intake for carboxymethylcellulose sodium as a food additive since the levels necessary to achieve a desired effect were not considered to be a hazard to health. However, in animal studies, subcutaneous administration of carboxymethylcellulose sodium has been found to cause inflammation, and in some cases of repeated injection fibrosarcomas have been found at the site of injection.
Hypersensitivity and anaphylactic reactions have occurred in cattle and horses, which have been attributed to carboxymethylcellulose sodium in parenteral formulations such as vaccines and penicillins.
LD50 (guinea pig, oral): 16 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 27 g/kg

storage

Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is a stable, though hygroscopic material. Under high-humidity conditions, carboxymethylcellulose sodium can absorb a large quantity (>50%) of water. In tablets, this has been associated with a decrease in tablet hardness and an increase in disintegration time.
Aqueous solutions are stable at pH 2–10; precipitation can occur below pH 2, and solution viscosity decreases rapidly above pH 10. Generally, solutions exhibit maximum viscosity and stability at pH 7–9.
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium may be sterilized in the dry state by maintaining it at a temperature of 1608℃ for 1 hour. However, this process results in a significant decrease in viscosity and some deterioration in the properties of solutions prepared from the sterilized material.
Aqueous solutions may similarly be sterilized by heating, although this also results in some reduction in viscosity. After autoclaving, viscosity is reduced by about 25%, but this reduction is less marked than for solutions prepared from material sterilized in the dry state. The extent of the reduction is dependent on the molecular weight and degree of substitution; higher molecular weight grades generally undergo a greater percentage reduction in viscosity. Sterilization of solutions by gamma irradiation also results in a reduction in viscosity.
Aqueous solutions stored for prolonged periods should contain an antimicrobial preservative.
The bulk material should be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry place.

Properties and Applications

TEST ITEMS

SPECIFICATION

CMC-LV

CMC-HV

Appearance

Cream colored and free

flowing powder

Cream colored and free flowing powder

Degree of Substitution

0.6-0.9

0.6-0.9

pH

6-9

6-9

Moisture %

10% max

10% max

Sodium CMC content on dry basis

70% min

70% min



Viscosity at 600RPM

90 max in deionized water

10 max 4% salt water mud,API water loss

30 max in deionized water

30 min in 4% salt water

30 min in 4% saturated salt water

10 max 4% salt water mud,API water loss

Purification Methods

Dialyse it for 48hours against distilled water and freeze-dry if a solid is required.

Incompatibilities

Carboxymethylcellulose sodium is incompatible with strongly acidic solutions and with the soluble salts of iron and some other metals, such as aluminum, mercury, and zinc. It is also incompatible with xanthan gum. Precipitation may occur at pH < 2, and also when it is mixed with ethanol (95%).
Carboxymethylcellulose sodium forms complex coacervates with gelatin and pectin. It also forms a complex with collagen and is capable of precipitating certain positively charged proteins.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Accepted as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (dental preparations; intraarticular, intrabursal, intradermal, intralesional, and intrasynovial injections; oral drops, solutions, suspensions, syrups and tablets; topical preparations). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Nonmedicinal Ingredients.

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Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose Suppliers

Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD
Tel
021-20337333-801
Fax
021-50323701
Email
market@aladdin-e.com
Country
China
ProdList
24980
Advantage
65
Wuhan DKY Technology Co.,Ltd.
Tel
27-81302488- ;27-81302488-
Fax
027-81302088
Email
info@dkybpc.com;2851686510@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
2025
Advantage
58
Shaanxi Chenming Biotechnology Co., Ltd
Email
2709392183@qq.com
Country
CHINA
ProdList
655
Advantage
58
Shandong Pingju Biotechnology Co., Ltd
Tel
Email
2708672464@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
697
Advantage
58
Yongkang Qihong Biological Technology Co., LTD
Tel
Email
1083266765@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
41
Advantage
58
Shang Qiu Jia ning Trading Co., LTD
Tel
Fax
15237186078
Email
947123786@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
60
Advantage
58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96815
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76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40264
Advantage
62
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30159
Advantage
84
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Fax
021-67121385
Email
Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com
Country
China
ProdList
24555
Advantage
81
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View Lastest Price from Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose manufacturers

Shanxi Lianxu New Material Co., LTD
Product
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose 9004-32-4
Price
US $50.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
1000kg/month
Release date
2021-10-18
Jinan Finer Chemical Co., Ltd
Product
Carboxymethyl cellulose sodium salt (CMC) 9004-32-4
Price
US $0.00/Kg/Drum
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
5000MT
Release date
2020-11-18
WUHAN CIRCLE POWDER TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD
Product
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose 9004-32-4
Price
US $0.00/KG
Min. Order
100g
Purity
98%+
Supply Ability
100kg
Release date
2020-10-12

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