Basic information Description Chemical properties Uses application Toxicity Production methods Hazards & Safety Information Sources Safety Supplier Related
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Cupric oxide

Basic information Description Chemical properties Uses application Toxicity Production methods Hazards & Safety Information Sources Safety Supplier Related

Cupric oxide Basic information

Product Name:
Cupric oxide
Synonyms:
  • COPPER(II) OXIDE (CUO)
  • Cupric oxide powder
  • COPPER(II) OXIDE GRANULAR FOR ANALYSI
  • COPPER(II) OXIDE GRANULAR FOR ELEMENTARY
  • Copper(II) oxide, 99.999%
  • Copper(II) oxide, reagent ACS, powder
  • CUPRIC OXIDE REAGENT (ACS)
  • CUPRIC OXIDE WIRE-FORM, REAGENT (ACS)
CAS:
1317-38-0
MF:
CuO
MW:
79.55
EINECS:
215-269-1
Product Categories:
  • Catalyst
  • metal oxide
  • Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry
  • Chemical Synthesis
  • Copper
  • Oxides
  • Inorganics
  • CopperMetal and Ceramic Science
Mol File:
1317-38-0.mol
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Cupric oxide Chemical Properties

Melting point:
1326 °C
Density 
6.315
refractive index 
2.63
storage temp. 
no restrictions.
form 
powder
color 
Brown to black
Specific Gravity
6.3-6.49
PH
7 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
Water Solubility 
insoluble
Merck 
14,2646
Exposure limits
ACGIH: TWA 1 mg/m3
NIOSH: IDLH 100 mg/m3; TWA 0.1 mg/m3; TWA 1 mg/m3
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with reducing agents, hydrogen sulfide, aluminium, alkali metals, finely powdered metals.
CAS DataBase Reference
1317-38-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Copper(ii) oxide(1317-38-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Cupric oxide (1317-38-0)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn,Xi,N
Risk Statements 
22-37-50
Safety Statements 
22-36-61-60-29
RIDADR 
UN 3077 9 / PGIII
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
GL7900000
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
9
HS Code 
28255000
Hazardous Substances Data
1317-38-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 470 mg/kg
IDLA
100 mg Cu/m3

MSDS

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Cupric oxide Usage And Synthesis

Description

Copper (II) oxide is used for blue-green pigmentation in ceramics. As a naturally occurring compound produced from mining, it is also used as a precursor to other cooper applications, including fungicide and wood preservatives. In this capacity, it is used as an antifouling paint agent for boat hulls, and other outdoor, freshwater, and seawater wood constructions. It is also occasionally used for animal feed, but incorrectly, as its copper bioavailability is inferior to of a number of other compounds including cupric acetate and alkaline Cu carbonate. Other uses include preparation of superconductors, manufacture of batteries, and as a catalyst for various industrial processes.

Chemical properties

Black monoclinic crystal or black to brown-black amorphous crystalline powder; Insoluble in water and alcohol; soluble in dilute acid, ammonium chloride, ammonium carbonate and potassium cyanide.

Uses

Copper(II) oxide is used as pigments for coloring glass, ceramics, porcelain and artificial gems; in batteries and electrodes; in antifouling paints; in electroplating; in welding fluxes for bronze; in the production of rayons; for removal of sulfur from oils; in phosphor mixtures; for polishing optical glass; and as a catalyst. It also is used to prepare various copper compounds. Copper(II) oxide is found in nature as the minerals tenorite and paramelaconite. They differ in crystalline structure: tenorite exists as triclinic crystals while paramelaconite consists of tetrahedral cubic crystals.

application

1. Cupric oxide Can Used for glass, porcelain colorants, oil desulfurization agent, hydrogenation agent, organic synthesis catalyst, and also used in the manufacture of rayon, gas analysis, etc.
2. Cupric Oxide can be used as a dietary ingredient and as a nutrient. Copper aids in the absorption of iron, in the formation of red blood cells and the proper bone formation and maintenance.
3. Cupric oxide Can used for the coloring agents in glass, enamel and ceramic industry, the anti-wrinkle agents of paint and the polish of optical glass. Used in the manufacture of dyes, organic catalyst carriers and copper compounds. Also used in the manufacture of artificial silk and oil desulfurization agents. Used as the raw materials of other nantokites and artificial gemstones.
4. Cupric Oxide can be used as a dietary ingredient and as a nutrient. Copper aids in the absorption of iron, in the formation of red blood cells and the proper bone formation and maintenance.

Toxicity

see cuprous oxide.

Production methods

1.  Copper powder oxidation method. Reaction equation:
4Cu + O2 → 2Cu2O
2Cu2O + 2O2 → 4CuO
CuO + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + H2O
CuSO4 + Fe → FeSO4 + Cu↓
2Cu + O2 → 2CuO
Operating methods: roast the raw materials of copper ash and copper slag, and then heat them with gas for the initial oxidation to remove the water and organic impurities in raw materials. The resulting primary oxides are naturally cooled, pulverized, and then subjected to secondary oxidation to obtain crude copper oxides. Add crude copper oxides to the reactor pre-loaded 1: 1 sulfuric acid, and react under heating and stirring until the relative density of the liquid doubles and the pH value becomes 2 to 3. After the generated copper sulfate solution stands until clarification, add iron shavings under heating and stirring conditions to replace copper, and then wash the mixture with hot water to remove sulfate and iron. After centrifugal separation and drying, the above copper is oxidized and roasted for 8 hours at 450℃. Then the crude products are cooled and crushed to 100 mesh. After oxidized in oxidizing furnace, the final copper oxide powders are obtained by centrifugal separation.
2.  Copper powder oxidization method:
roast the raw materials of copper ash and copper slag, and then heat them with gas for the initial oxidation to remove the water and organic impurities in raw materials. The resulting primary oxides are naturally cooled, pulverized, and then subjected to secondary oxidation to obtain crude copper oxides. Add crude copper oxides to the reactor pre-loaded 1: 1 sulfuric acid, and react under heating and stirring until the relative density of the liquid doubles and the pH value becomes 2 to 3. After the generated copper sulfate solution stands until clarification, add iron shavings under heating and stirring conditions to replace copper, and then wash the mixture with hot water to remove sulfate and iron. After centrifugal separation and drying, the above copper is oxidized and roasted for 8 hours at 450℃. Then the crude products are cooled and crushed to 100 mesh. After oxidized in oxidizing furnace, the final copper oxide powders are obtained.
4Cu+O2→2Cu2O
Cu2O+0.5O2→2CuO
Cu0+H2S04→CuSO4+H2O
CuSO4+Fe→FeSO4+Cu↓
2Cu+O2→2CuO

Hazards & Safety Information

Category : Toxic substances
Toxicity classification  : high toxicity
Acute toxicity :  Oral-rat LD50 470 mg/kg; celiac-mouse LD50: 273 mg/kg
Flammability Hazardous properties  :
Non-combustible; producing toxic copper-containing fumes in fire
Storage and transportation characteristics  :
Storehouse should be low-temperature, well-ventilated and dry; stored separately with food and raw materials
Fire extinguishing agent  : water, carbon dioxide, dry powder, sand

Sources

http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/academic-and-educational-journals/copperii-oxide
http://jn.nutrition.org/content/129/12/2278.short
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper(II)_oxide

Description

Copper(II) oxide or cupric oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula CuO. A black solid, it is one of the two stable oxides of copper, the other being Cu2O or copper(I) oxide (cuprous oxide). As a mineral, it is known as tenorite. It is a product of copper mining and the precursor to many other copper-containing products and chemical compounds.Mainly used in wood preservatives, ceramics, and mineral supplements for animal feed.
Copper(II) oxide nanoparticles (NPCuO) have industrial applications as antimicrobial agents in textiles and paints, and catalysts in organic synthesis. They may also be produced from electronic wastes. Cupric oxide poses potential health and environmental concern due to toxic and mutagenic particles generating reactive oxygen species.

Chemical Properties

Black fine free powder

Chemical Properties

Copper metal, metal compounds and alloys are often used in “hot” operations in the workplace. The workplace operations include, but are not limited to, welding, brazing, soldering, plating, cutting, and metalizing. At the high temperatures reached in these operations, metals often form metal fumes that have different health effects.

Uses

Cupric Oxide can be used as a dietary ingredient and as a nutrient. Copper aids in the absorption of iron, in the formation of red blood cells and the proper bone formation and maintenance.
As pigment in glass, ceramics, enamels, porcelain glazes, artificial gems; in manufacture of rayon, other Cu Compounds; in sweetening petroleum gases; in galvanic electrodes; as flux in metallurgy; in correcting Cu deficiencies in soil; as optical-glass polishing agent; in antifouling paints, pyrotechnic compositions; as exciter in phosphor mixtures; as catalyst for organic reactions; in high tempereture superconductors.

Uses

  • Nanoscale Copper(II) Oxide has been studied as photocatalysts, sensors, lubricant additives and batteries.
  • Nanorods of cupric oxide have also shown advantages as oxidizing agents in high speed chemical reactions over traditional cupric oxide nanoparticles.
  • Copper(II) oxide is a promising p-type oxide material although with a small band gap.

Definition

A black solid prepared by the action of heat on copper(II) nitrate, hydroxide, or carbonate. It is a basic oxide and reacts with dilute acids to form solutions of copper(II) salts. Copper(II) oxide can be reduced to copper by heating in a stream of hydrogen or carbon monoxide. It can also be reduced by mixing with carbon and heating the mixture. Copper(II) oxide is stable up to its melting point, after which it decomposes to give oxygen, copper(I) oxide, and eventually copper.

Reactions

Copper(II) oxide dissolves in mineral acids such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid or nitric acid to give the corresponding copper(II) salts:
CuO + 2 HNO3 → Cu(NO3)2 + H2O
CuO + 2 HCl → CuCl2 + H2O
CuO + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + H2O
It reacts with concentrated alkali to form the corresponding cuprate salts:
2 MOH + CuO + H2O → M2[Cu(OH)4]
It can also be reduced to copper metal using hydrogen, carbon monoxide, or carbon:
CuO + H2 → Cu + H2O
CuO + CO → Cu + CO2
2 CuO + C → 2Cu + CO2
When cupric oxide is substituted for iron oxide in thermite the resulting mixture is a low explosive, not an incendiary.

benefits

Cupric oxide is an oxide of the mineral copper. It is an essential element needed by the body to perform a host of functions.
Cupric oxide is used by specific enzymes to help in the production of energy, to create collagen and elastin, to metabolize iron, and in many functions of the brain and central nervous system. Cupric oxide is found in health supplements such as vitamins and health aid treatments.
Copper is a mineral that is needed in the body in small doses but has the ability to become toxic at high levels. Additional supplements of copper beyond what you should get in your normal diet should be discussed with a doctor.

General Description

Copper oxides (Cu2O, CuO) are p-type semiconductor materials with small band gap energy. High physical and chemical stability of metal oxide nanoparticles renders them extremely useful in catalytic applications.The structures of the compounds are monoclinic. Nanoscaled copper oxide compounds can be prepared by thermal plasma technology. A study reports its antimicrobial properties.

Health Hazard

Exposures to copper fume cause fever, chills, muscle aches, nausea, dry throat, coughing, weakness, lassitude, irritation to the eyes, nose, throat, skin, upper respiratory tract, chest tightness, nose bleed, edema, and lung damage. Symptoms of copper fume poisoning also include metallic or sweet taste, skin itching, skin rash, skin allergy, and a greenish color to the skin, teeth, and hair. Workers have increased risk of Wilson’s disease.

Precautions

Occupational workers should use protective clothing, such as suits, gloves, footwear, and headgear, and promptly change the contaminated clothing/work dress. Workers should not eat, smoke, or drink where copper dust or powder is handled, processed, or stored. Workers should wash hands carefully before eating, drinking, smoking, or using the toilet. The workplace should have a vacuum or a wet method facility to reduce the metal dust during cleanup

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