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Phenylacetyl chloride

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Phenylacetyl chloride Basic information

Product Name:
Phenylacetyl chloride
Synonyms:
  • Acetyl chloride, phenyl-
  • alpha-Phenylacetyl chloride
  • alpha-Toluyl chloride
  • phenylacetyl
  • -Toluylchloride
  • AKOS BBS-00003909
  • A-TOLUYL CHLORIDE
  • LABOTEST-BB LT00643802
CAS:
103-80-0
MF:
C8H7ClO
MW:
154.59
EINECS:
203-146-5
Product Categories:
  • Pharmaceutical Intermediates
  • Acid Halides
  • Carbonyl Compounds
  • Organic Building Blocks
Mol File:
103-80-0.mol
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Phenylacetyl chloride Chemical Properties

Melting point:
264-266 °C(Solv: N,N-dimethylformamide (68-12-2))
Boiling point:
94-95 °C12 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
1.169 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.5325(lit.)
Flash point:
217 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
Miscible with alcohol and ether.
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
BRN 
742254
Stability:
Stable. Reacts with water. Incompatible with amines, most common metals, moisture, strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
103-80-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzeneacetyl chloride(103-80-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Benzeneacetyl chloride (103-80-0)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
C
Risk Statements 
34-37-14
Safety Statements 
26-36/37/39-45-25-27
RIDADR 
UN 2577 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 
3
21
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
8
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29163900

MSDS

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Phenylacetyl chloride Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 96, p. 6469, 1974 DOI: 10.1021/ja00827a034
Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 2, p. 156, 1943

General Description

A colorless volatile liquid with a strong odor. Denser than water. Contact may severely irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion. May also be combustible.

Air & Water Reactions

Soluble in water. Fumes in air. Decomposes in water or steam to form very corrosive hydrogen chloride gas.

Reactivity Profile

Phenylacetyl chloride is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, bases (including amines). May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].

Health Hazard

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. Substance will react with water (some violently) releasing flammable, toxic or corrosive gases and runoff. When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.

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