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3-Nitrobenzoic acid

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3-Nitrobenzoic acid Basic information

Product Name:
3-Nitrobenzoic acid
Synonyms:
  • RARECHEM AL BO 0229
  • M-NITROBENZOIC ACID
  • NITROBENZOIC(3-) ACID
  • 3-NITROPHENYL METHANOIC ACID
  • 3-NITRODRACYLIC ACID
  • 3-NITROBENZOIC ACID
  • LABOTEST-BB LT00795102
  • 3-nitrobenzoic
CAS:
121-92-6
MF:
C7H5NO4
MW:
167.12
EINECS:
204-508-5
Product Categories:
  • Aromatic Carboxylic Acids, Amides, Anilides, Anhydrides & Salts
  • Organics
  • Organic acids
  • Dyestuff Intermediates
  • C7
  • Carbonyl Compounds
  • Carboxylic Acids
Mol File:
121-92-6.mol
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3-Nitrobenzoic acid Chemical Properties

Melting point:
139-141 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
295.67°C (rough estimate)
Density 
1,494 g/cm3
vapor density 
5.76 (vs air)
refractive index 
1.6280 (estimate)
Flash point:
190 °C
storage temp. 
Storage temperature: no restrictions.
solubility 
water: soluble3g/L at 25°C
pka
3.47(at 25℃)
form 
Crystals or Powder
color 
Slightly green to light yellow
PH
3 (5g/l, H2O, 20℃)(aqueous suspension)
PH Range
3
Water Solubility 
<0.01 g/100 mL at 18 ºC
Merck 
14,6588
BRN 
908644
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
AFPHTEQTJZKQAQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
121-92-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzoic acid, 3-nitro-(121-92-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
m-Nitrobenzoic acid (121-92-6)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
Xn,Xi
Risk Statements 
22-36/37-33-36/37/38
Safety Statements 
26-24/25
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
DH5000000
Autoignition Temperature
490 °C
Hazard Note 
Irritant
TSCA 
Yes
HS Code 
29163900
Hazardous Substances Data
121-92-6(Hazardous Substances Data)

MSDS

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3-Nitrobenzoic acid Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

light yellow crystals

Synthesis Reference(s)

Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 1, p. 391, 1941
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 46, p. 3056, 1981 DOI: 10.1021/jo00328a013

General Description

Off white to yellowish-white crystals. Bitter taste. Melts in hot water.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

3-Nitrobenzoic acid is incompatible with strong oxidizers. 3-Nitrobenzoic acid is also incompatible with strong bases. 3-Nitrobenzoic acid may react with cyanides.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for 3-Nitrobenzoic acid are not available but 3-Nitrobenzoic acid is probably combustible.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the acid from *benzene, H2O, EtOH (charcoal), glacial acetic acid or MeOH/H2O. Dry and store it in a vacuum desiccator. The amide has m 143o (from H2O or *C6H6). [Beilstein 9 III 1489, 9 IV 1055.]

3-Nitrobenzoic acidSupplier

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