Aromatic hydrocarbons Cyclic hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon sulfonate Hydrocarbon halides Hydrocarbon nitrification Acyclic hydrocarbons
ChemicalBook >   Product Catalog >  Organic Chemistry >  Hydrocarbons and derivatives

Hydrocarbons and derivatives

Aromatic hydrocarbons Cyclic hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon sulfonate Hydrocarbon halides Hydrocarbon nitrification Acyclic hydrocarbons
More
Less

Hydrocarbon compounds are also known as hydrocarbons. They are compounds only containing two elements, hydrogen and carbon. When their molecular hydrogen atoms are replaced by various kinds of other element atoms or atom groups, we can obtain various kinds of hydrocarbon derivatives. German chemist Schorlemmer had discovered butane and other hydrocarbons, and is thus known as the founder of the hydrocarbon chemistry. There are many types of hydrocarbons with number of hydrocarbons with known structure being over 2,000 kinds. Based on the connecting way of carbon bonds, they are divided into chain hydrocarbon and cyclic hydrocarbon, two types with the former one having its carbon atoms connected in a chain shape. According to the saturation degree of hydrogen atom on valence bonds, they are divided into saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Saturated hydrocarbons are namely alkanes, such as methane, ethane and so on; unsaturated hydrocarbons include olefin and alkynes with representation being ethylene and acetylene. Cyclic hydrocarbon has its intramolecular carbon bonds connected into a closed ring. It includes two kinds, alicyclic hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons. There are many similarities between alicyclic hydrocarbons and chain hydrocarbon. General cyclic hydrocarbons are similar to hydrocarbons while cyclic olefin and cyclic alkyne are respectively similar as alkenes and alkynes. Aromatic hydrocarbons mainly refer to hydrocarbons containing benzene ring structure.

Chain hydrocarbon is also known as aliphatic hydrocarbon due to that during the initial study; it was found that oil lipid contained many of these open chain compounds. The naming of alicyclic hydrocarbons is due to its similar nature as aliphatic hydrocarbons. The nature of aromatic hydrocarbon is different from other hydrocarbons while first discovered several compounds are all scented, leading to the name which is still in use today.

Oil, gas and coal are the main source of hydrocarbons. Petroleum refining can give a variety of alkane mixture such as gasoline, kerosene, diesel, etc; oil cracking, reforming give various kinds of olefins, alicyclic hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons. Coal tar contains various kinds of aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g., benzene, naphthalene, etc.). Many kinds of higher hydrocarbons are presented in plants such as the pigments contained in tomatoes and carrots. The wax of many kinds of plants and animals also contains higher content of alkanes. For example, beeswax contains C27H56 and C31H64; wax of spinach leaves contains C33H68, C35H72, and C37H76; wax of cabbage leaves contains C29H60 and so on. The main component of natural rubber, polyisoprene also belongs to hydrocarbon. An important application of hydrocarbons is being used as fuel and chemical raw materials. Through secondary processing of petroleum, it can give ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene and naphthalene, and other basic organic industrial raw materials. From these materials, we can further prepare styrene, ethanol, acetone and other chemicals. Re-use of these raw materials can be used for manufacturing of a variety of plastics, synthetic rubber, synthetic fibers and fine chemical products. Hydrocarbons may also be used as food for certain bacteria to utilize with those proteins (oil protein) excreted by these bacteria proteins being applied as feed. The national scale and level of processing and application of hydrocarbons may reflect the extent of economic and technological development of a country.

Hydrocarbon derivative refers to the general term of many kinds of complicated compound derived from hydrocarbon molecules with one or more hydrogen atoms being substituted by other atoms or atoms groups. Compounds derived from halogen substitution are called halogenated hydrocarbon; derived from hydroxy substitution are called alcohols or phenols; derived from carboxy substitution are called carboxylic acids. Ester, acyl halide, acid anhydride, amides, aldehydes, ketones, amines and nitriles, etc. can be considered to be the compounds derived from hydrocarbons with intramolecular hydrogen atoms being substituted by corresponding atoms. During early 19th century, German chemist Schorlemmer, based on years of experimental and theoretical studies, had first defined organic chemistry as chemistry concerning hydrocarbons and their derivatives. This definition is formulated based on the principles of atom combination theory, being more reasonable and advanced than all the previous definitions, thus further being adopted by many chemists. However, the problem is that it doesn’t distinguish the difference between organic and inorganic substances. The definition of Schorlemmer had greatly promoted the development of the theory regarding to the organic chemistry structure. He was the first man who defined organic compound as above scientific classifications, establishing a scientific system. He was the first man who divided organics into aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and further classified aliphatic compounds into hydrocarbons (saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons), halocarbons, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters and so on.

Click on the specific product, view the latest prices of the products, information, serving information

Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-Nitrophthalonitrile
CAS:
51762-67-5
MF:
C8H3N3O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Methoxybenzonitrile
CAS:
6609-56-9
MF:
C8H7NO
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Methylsulfonylphenol
CAS:
14763-60-1
MF:
C7H8O3S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
5-Chloro-2-nitroaniline
CAS:
1635-61-6
MF:
C6H5ClN2O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Bromo-5-chloropentane
CAS:
54512-75-3
MF:
C5H10BrCl
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-BROMO-2,5-DIFLUOROBENZENESULFONYL CHLORIDE
CAS:
207974-14-9
MF:
C6H2BrClF2O2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-BROMO-4-CHLORONITROBENZENE
CAS:
16588-26-4
MF:
C6H3BrClNO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-CHLORO-5-NITROACETOPHENONE
CAS:
23082-50-0
MF:
C8H6ClNO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Chlorostyrene
CAS:
1073-67-2
MF:
C8H7Cl
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,6-DICHLOROIODOBENZENE
CAS:
19230-28-5
MF:
C6H3Cl2I
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-(Trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
777-44-6
MF:
C7H4ClF3O2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
O-TOLUENESULFONYL CHLORIDE
CAS:
133-59-5
MF:
C7H7ClO2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,4-Diiodobenzene
CAS:
624-38-4
MF:
C6H4I2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
1694-92-4
MF:
C6H4ClNO4S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,4-Dinitrobenzoic acid
CAS:
528-45-0
MF:
C7H4N2O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-NITROPHENYL TRIFLUOROACETATE
CAS:
658-78-6
MF:
C8H4F3NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Cyano-4'-methylbiphenyl
CAS:
93717-55-6
MF:
C14H11N
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Methyl-2-nitrobenzonitrile
CAS:
26830-95-5
MF:
C8H6N2O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Piperonyl chloride
CAS:
20850-43-5
MF:
C8H7ClO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,3,5-Trimethoxybenzene
CAS:
621-23-8
MF:
C9H12O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-(Trifluoromethyl)benzyl bromide
CAS:
402-23-3
MF:
C8H6BrF3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Iado-4-(trifluoromethoxy)benzene
CAS:
103962-05-6
MF:
C7H4F3IO
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,6-Difluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
60230-36-6
MF:
C6H3ClF2O2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(2-Bromoethyl)benzene
CAS:
103-63-9
MF:
C8H9Br
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-(METHYLAMINO)-3-NITROBENZOIC ACID
CAS:
41263-74-5
MF:
C8H8N2O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,6-Difluorobenzyl bromide
CAS:
85118-00-9
MF:
C7H5BrF2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
O-TERPHENYL
CAS:
84-15-1
MF:
C18H14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3-Dimethylbromobenzene
CAS:
576-23-8
MF:
C8H9Br
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-FLUORO-5-NITROBENZOIC ACID
CAS:
14027-75-9
MF:
C7H4FNO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Iodobenzene
CAS:
591-50-4
MF:
C6H5I
Structure:
Chemical Name:
tert-Amylbenzene
CAS:
2049-95-8
MF:
C11H16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Chloro-3-nitroanisole
CAS:
10298-80-3
MF:
C7H6ClNO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Bromo-4-chlorobutane
CAS:
6940-78-9
MF:
C4H8BrCl
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Bromo-2-chloroethane
CAS:
107-04-0
MF:
C2H4BrCl
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-DOCOSANE
CAS:
629-97-0
MF:
C22H46
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
97-08-5
MF:
C6H3Cl2NO4S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Chloro-3-nitrocinnamic acid
CAS:
20797-48-2
MF:
C9H6ClNO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-BROMO-2,3,5,6-TETRAFLUOROBENZENE
CAS:
1559-88-2
MF:
C6HBrF4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(S)-(+)-Glycidyl nosylate
CAS:
115314-14-2
MF:
C9H9NO6S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-Nitro-N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-4-aminophenol
CAS:
92952-81-3
MF:
C9H12N2O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,5-DIFLUOROBENZENESULFONAMIDE
CAS:
140480-89-3
MF:
C6H5F2NO2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
HEXATRIACONTANE
CAS:
630-06-8
MF:
C36H74
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-Buten-1-ol
CAS:
627-27-0
MF:
C4H8O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Bromo-m-xylene
CAS:
576-22-7
MF:
C8H9Br
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3-DIFLUORO-6-NITROPHENOL
CAS:
82419-26-9
MF:
C6H3F2NO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-(Trifluoromethyl)benzenesulfonamide
CAS:
1869-24-5
MF:
C7H6F3NO2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Methyl-5-nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
121-02-8
MF:
C7H6ClNO4S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4,4'-Diacetylbiphenyl
CAS:
787-69-9
MF:
C16H14O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,5-Difluorobenzyl bromide
CAS:
85117-99-3
MF:
C7H5BrF2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Chloro-4-fluoro-5-nitrophenol
CAS:
84478-75-1
MF:
C6H3ClFNO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3-Difluorobenzyl bromide
CAS:
113211-94-2
MF:
C7H5BrF2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Fluoro-6-nitrotoluene
CAS:
769-10-8
MF:
C7H6FNO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Bromo-4-chloro-2-fluorobenzene
CAS:
1996-29-8
MF:
C6H3BrClF
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-NITROPHENYLACETIC ACID
CAS:
1877-73-2
MF:
C8H7NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,5-Dibromopentane
CAS:
111-24-0
MF:
C5H10Br2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-EICOSANE
CAS:
112-95-8
MF:
C20H42
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Methoxy-5-nitrophenol
CAS:
636-93-1
MF:
C7H7NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4,4'-Diiodobiphenyl
CAS:
3001-15-8
MF:
C12H8I2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,4-(Methylenedioxy)phenylacetonitrile
CAS:
4439-02-5
MF:
C9H7NO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Oleyl alcohol
CAS:
143-28-2
MF:
C18H36O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,4-Dimethoxytoluene
CAS:
494-99-5
MF:
C9H12O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Bromo-2-nitrobenzoic acid
CAS:
99277-71-1
MF:
C7H4BrNO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-Carboxy-5-nitrophenylboronic acid
CAS:
101084-81-5
MF:
C7H6BNO6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine
CAS:
99-56-9
MF:
C6H7N3O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-METHOXY-2-NITRO-BENZALDEHYDE
CAS:
22996-21-0
MF:
C8H7NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Bromo-2-fluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
216159-03-4
MF:
C6H3BrClFO2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Nitrophenylacetic acid
CAS:
104-03-0
MF:
C8H7NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Bromo-2,4,6-trifluorobenzene
CAS:
2367-76-2
MF:
C6H2BrF3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Orcinol
CAS:
504-15-4
MF:
C7H8O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-Nitrobenzoic acid
CAS:
121-92-6
MF:
C7H5NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Nitrobenzophenone
CAS:
1144-74-7
MF:
C13H9NO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,5-Dimethylnitrobenzene
CAS:
89-58-7
MF:
C8H9NO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,5-BIS(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)IODOBENZENE
CAS:
328-73-4
MF:
C8H3F6I
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Nitrobenzonitrile
CAS:
619-72-7
MF:
C7H4N2O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,1-Diphenylethylene
CAS:
530-48-3
MF:
C14H12
Structure:
Chemical Name:
o-Xylene
CAS:
95-47-6
MF:
C8H10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-tert-Butyltoluene
CAS:
98-51-1
MF:
C11H16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Naphthylamine-6-sulfonmethylamide
CAS:
104295-55-8
MF:
C11H12N2O2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Iodo-3,5-dimethylbenzene
CAS:
22445-41-6
MF:
C8H9I
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3,4-TRICHLORONITROBENZENE
CAS:
17700-09-3
MF:
C6H2Cl3NO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Bromochlorobenzene
CAS:
694-80-4
MF:
C6H4BrCl
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-HEPTADECANE
CAS:
629-78-7
MF:
C17H36
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3-METHYLHEPTANE
CAS:
589-81-1
MF:
C8H18
Structure:
Chemical Name:
5-Sulfoisophthalic acid monosodium salt
CAS:
6362-79-4
MF:
C8H5NaO7S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Nitrobenzoyl chloride
CAS:
122-04-3
MF:
C7H4ClNO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,3-Diethylbenzene
CAS:
141-93-5
MF:
C10H14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,5-Difluoro-4-nitrobenzoic acid
CAS:
116465-48-6
MF:
C7H3F2NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Methyl-3-nitroanisole
CAS:
17484-36-5
MF:
C8H9NO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-NONADECANE
CAS:
629-92-5
MF:
C19H40
Structure:
Chemical Name:
5,5′-Dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)
CAS:
69-78-3
MF:
C14H8N2O8S2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Bromo-2-fluorobenzyl bromide
CAS:
76283-09-5
MF:
C7H5Br2F
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,5-Dichlorobenzenesulfonyl chloride
CAS:
705-21-5
MF:
C6H3Cl3O2S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Chloro-3-nitrotoluene
CAS:
89-60-1
MF:
C7H6ClNO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Nitroso-2-naphthol
CAS:
131-91-9
MF:
C10H7NO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,2'-Biphenol
CAS:
1806-29-7
MF:
C12H10O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
9-DECEN-1-OL
CAS:
13019-22-2
MF:
C10H20O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-OCTADECENE
CAS:
112-88-9
MF:
C18H36
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,4-Dimethylaniline-6-sulfonic acid
CAS:
88-22-2
MF:
C8H11NO3S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3-DIFLUOROETHOXYBENZENE
CAS:
121219-07-6
MF:
C8H8F2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
n-Octacosane
CAS:
630-02-4
MF:
C28H58