ChemicalBook > CAS DataBase List > 2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether

2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether

Product Name
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether
CAS No.
111-44-4
Chemical Name
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether
Synonyms
bcee;DCEE;Clorex;Chlorex;ent4,504;Khloreks;ENT 4,504;2,2'-DichL;orodiethyL;dichloroethyl
CBNumber
CB6374619
Molecular Formula
C4H8Cl2O
Formula Weight
143.01
MOL File
111-44-4.mol
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2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether Property

Melting point:
−47 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
65-67 °C15 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
1.22 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor pressure 
0.4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.456(lit.)
Flash point:
131 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
0.01g/l
form 
Colorless liquid
Odor
Sweet, like chloroform.
explosive limit
0.8%(V)
Water Solubility 
Slightly soluble. 1.72 g/100 mL
Merck 
14,3066
BRN 
605317
Henry's Law Constant
(x 10-5 atm?m3/mol): 124.7, 15.8, 72.0, 12.5, and 1.38 at 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C, respectively (EPICS, Howe et al., 1987)
Exposure limits
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m3), STEL 10 ppm, IDLH 100 ppm; OSHA PEL: C 15 ppm (90 mg/m3); ACGIH TLV: TWA 30 mg/m3, STEL 60 mg/m3.
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
ZNSMNVMLTJELDZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
111-44-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
3 (Vol. 9, Sup 7, 71) 1999
NIST Chemistry Reference
Beta,beta'-dichloroethyl ether(111-44-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (111-44-4)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
T+,T,F
Risk Statements 
10-26/27/28-40-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
Safety Statements 
27-28-36/37-45-7/9-28A-16
RIDADR 
UN 1916 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
KN0875000
Autoignition Temperature
365 °C
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
6.1
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29091900
Hazardous Substances Data
111-44-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 75 mg/kg (Smyth, Carpenter)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Danger
Hazard statements

H225Highly Flammable liquid and vapour

H226Flammable liquid and vapour

H300Fatal if swallowed

H301Toxic if swalloed

H310Fatal in contact with skin

H315Causes skin irritation

H319Causes serious eye irritation

H330Fatal if inhaled

H336May cause drowsiness or dizziness

H351Suspected of causing cancer

H370Causes damage to organs

Precautionary statements

P210Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.

P233Keep container tightly closed.

P240Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P262Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.

P264Wash hands thoroughly after handling.

P264Wash skin thouroughly after handling.

P270Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P271Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P284Wear respiratory protection.

P311Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P320Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).

P330Rinse mouth.

P301+P310IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P302+P350IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.

P303+P361+P353IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.

P304+P340IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

P307+P311IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P405Store locked up.

P403+P233Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

P501Dispose of contents/container to..…

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
35660
Product name
Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether
Purity
puriss., ≥99.0% (GC)
Packaging
50ml
Price
$31.6
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.01678
Product name
Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether
Purity
for synthesis
Packaging
250 mL
Price
$35.4
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
8.01678
Product name
Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether
Purity
for synthesis
Packaging
1 L
Price
$116
Updated
2021/03/22
Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
35660
Product name
Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether
Purity
puriss., ≥99.0% (GC)
Packaging
1l
Price
$135
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
B0472
Product name
Bis(2-chloroethyl) Ether
Purity
>99.0%(GC)
Packaging
25g
Price
$26
Updated
2021/03/22
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2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid

Chemical Properties

Dichloroethyl ether is a clear, colorless liquid. Pungent, fruity odor. It is also described as having a chlorinated solvent-like odor.

Physical properties

Colorless to pale yellow volatile liquid with a pungent, fruity, chlorinated-like odor. The low odor and high odor threshold concentrations were 90.0 and 2,160 mg/m3, respectively (Ruth, 1986).

Uses

Reagent for organic synthesis; solvent. Has been used as a scouring agent for textiles; as soil fumigant.

Uses

Soil fumigant; acaricide.

Uses

Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether (BCEE) is used as ascouring agent for textiles; as a dewaxingagent for lubricating oils; as a soil fumigant;as a solvent for resins, oils, and lacquers; andin organic synthesis.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a sweet pleasant or nauseating odor. Flash point 131°F. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Used in cleaning compounds, paints, textile finishing, and as a general solvent.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Insoluble in water. Reacts slowly with water to form HCl. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154].

Reactivity Profile

2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether may form phosgene or hydrogen when heated to high temperature. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154]. Mixing in equal molar portions with the following substances in a closed container caused the temperature and pressure to increase: chlorosulfonic acid and oleum [NFPA 1991].

Health Hazard

2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether is very toxic; the probable oral lethal dose is 50-500 mg/kg, or between 1 teaspoonful and 1 ounce for a 150 pound person. It can be a central nervous system depressant in high concentrations. It is extremely irritating to the eyes, nose, and respiratory passages. It can penetrate the skin to cause serious and even fatal poisoning. Poisonous; may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin.

Health Hazard

BCEE is an acute toxic compound withcancer-causing properties. The toxic routesare inhalation, ingestion, and absorptionthrough the skin. Exposure to its vaporscaused irritation of the eyes, nose, and res piratory tracts in test animals. Exposure to aconcentration of 250 ppm in air for 4 hoursproved lethal to rats (ACGIH 1986). At alower concentration, it caused delayed deathfollowing damage to lungs. Other organsaffected to a lesser degree were the liver,kidneys, and brain.
The irritant action of BCEE on the eyesvaried from mild to severe. In humans,contact of pure liquid can cause conjunctivalirritation and injury to the cornea. On theskin, its irritation effect is mild. However,on prolonged contact, the liquid may beabsorbed through the skin and manifest toxiceffects
Ingestion of this compound in smallamounts may produce nausea and vomiting.An oral dose of 50–75 mL is expected to befatal to humans
LC50 value, inhalation (rats): 330 mg (56ppm)/m3/4 hr
LD50 value, oral (rats): 75 mg/kg
LD50 value, skin (guinea pigs): 300 mg/kg
LD50 value, skin (guinea pigs): 300 mg/kg.

Fire Hazard

May form phosgene or hydrogen chloride in fires. There is danger of explosion when ethers are heated or exposed to flames or sparks. Ethers tend to form peroxides; when ethers containing peroxides are heated, they can detonate. May be ignited by heat, sparks, or flames. Container may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Decomposes in the presence of moisture to form hydrochloric acid. Emits toxic fumes when heated to decomposition. Reacts vigorously with oleum and chlorosulfonic acid. Ethers tend to form peroxides upon standing. Heating peroxide-containing ethers can cause detonation.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water : No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: V; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

A poison by ingestion, skin contact, and inhalation. A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Exposure to 1000 ppm for 30 to 60 minutes may result in death within days. The odor is easily detectable at 35 ppm whch causes only slight irritation. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidants. Dangerous explosion hazard; reacts vigorously with oleum, chlorosulfonic acid. Reacts with water or steam to evolve toxic and corrosive fumes. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, mist, fog, spray, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also ETHERS.

Potential Exposure

Dichloroethyl ether is used as a soil fumigant, an insecticide, and an acaricide; in the manufacture of paint, varnish, lacquer, soap, and finish removers. It is also used as a solvent for cellulose esters, naphthalenes, oils, fats, waxes, greases, pectin, tar, and gum; in dry cleaning and in textile scouring.

Source

Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether does not occur naturally in the environment. In Canada, this compound enters the environment as a by-product from chlorination of waste streams containing ethylene, propylene (Environment Canada, 1993) or ethyl ether (quoted, Verschueren, 1983).

Environmental Fate

Biological. When 5 and 10 mg/L of bis(2-chloroethyl)ether were statically incubated in the dark at 25°C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum, complete degradation was observed after 7 days (Tabak et al., 1981).
Chemical/Physical. Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether is subject to hydrolysis (Enfield and Yates, 1990; NIOSH, 1994). The hydrolysis rate constant for bis(2-chloroethyl)ether at pH 7 and 25°C was determined to be 2.6 × 10–5/hour, resulting in a half-life o
Emits chlorinated acids when incinerated (Sittig, 1985).

Shipping

UN1916 2,20 -Dichlorodiethyl ether, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3-Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

Wash the ether with conc H2SO4, then Na2CO3 solution, dry with anhydrous Na2CO3, and finally pass it through a 50cm column of activated alumina before distillation. Altern

Incompatibilities

Contact with moisture caused decomposition producing hydrochloric acid. Can form peroxides. May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some plastics, rubber, and coatings. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture

Waste Disposal

A potential candidate for liquid injection incineration at a temperature range of 650 to 1600C and a residence time 0.1 to 2 seconds. Also, a potential candidate for rotary kiln incineration at a temperature range of 820 to 1600C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and hours for solids. Also, a potential candidate for fluidized bed incineration at a temperature range of 450 to 980C and residence times of seconds for liquids and gases, and longer for solids. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≧100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal

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2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether Suppliers

Yangzhou Hopechem Co., Ltd.
Tel
86-18701858496
Fax
QQ:1719657062,MSN:quality.kate@hotmail.com
Email
marketing@hepuchem.com
Country
China
ProdList
100
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58
Jiaxing Nova Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-20921617-
Fax
021-20921617
Email
2240425080@qq.com
Country
China
ProdList
892
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58
Huai'an Chenhui Technology Co., Ltd.
Email
jianshen1977@126.com
Country
China
ProdList
13
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58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.
Tel
010-82848833- ;010-82848833-
Fax
86-10-82849933
Email
jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
96500
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76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel
21-61259100-
Fax
86-21-61259102
Email
sh@meryer.com
Country
China
ProdList
40264
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62
Alfa Aesar
Tel
400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax
021-67582001/03/05
Email
saleschina@alfa-asia.com
Country
China
ProdList
30159
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84
TAIYUAN RHF CO.,LTD.
Tel
+86 351 7031519
Fax
+86 351 7031519
Email
sales@RHFChem.com
Country
China
ProdList
2346
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56
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.
Tel
021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Fax
021-67121385
Email
Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com
Country
China
ProdList
24555
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Energy Chemical
Tel
021-58432009-
Fax
021-58436166
Email
sales8178@energy-chemical.com
Country
China
ProdList
42923
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61
Wuhan Chemwish Technology Co., Ltd
Tel
86-027-67849912
Fax
86-027-87531808
Email
sales@chemwish.com
Country
China
ProdList
35909
Advantage
56
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View Lastest Price from 2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether manufacturers

Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
Product
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether 111-44-4
Price
US $5.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
100 Tons
Release date
2021-07-14
Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
Product
N-Methylphenethylamine 111-44-4
Price
US $10.00/KG/Tin
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
5000tons per month
Release date
2021-04-02
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Product
2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl 111-44-4
Price
US $0.00/KG
Min. Order
1KG
Purity
99%
Supply Ability
10 mt
Release date
2020-12-08

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