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3-Nitrochlorobenzene

Product Name
3-Nitrochlorobenzene
CAS No.
121-73-3
Chemical Name
3-Nitrochlorobenzene
Synonyms
mncb;1-Chloro-3;3-Chlornitrobenzol;M-CHLORONITROBENZENE;1-chloronitrobenzene;3-CHLORONITROBENZENE;3-NITROCHLOROBENZENE;M-NITROCHLOROBENZENE;Chloro-m-nitrobenzene;3-Chluoronitrobenzene
CBNumber
CB8747505
Molecular Formula
C6H4ClNO2
Formula Weight
157.55
MOL File
121-73-3.mol
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3-Nitrochlorobenzene Property

Melting point:
43-47 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
236 °C(lit.)
Density 
1.534 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
1.5545 (estimate)
Flash point:
218 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
alcohol: freely soluble (hot)(lit.)
PH
7 (0.26g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
INSOLUBLE
Merck 
14,2151
BRN 
1907947
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong reducing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
121-73-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzene, 1-chloro-3-nitro-(121-73-3)
EPA Substance Registry System
m-Chloronitrobenzene (121-73-3)
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Safety

Hazard Codes 
Xn,N,T
Risk Statements 
22-50/53-23/24/25
Safety Statements 
22-24/25-60-61-45-38-36/37/39-28A
RIDADR 
UN 1578 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
CZ0940000
Autoignition Temperature
500 °F
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
6.1
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29049085
Hazardous Substances Data
121-73-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
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Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)

Symbol(GHS)
Signal word
Warning
Hazard statements

H302Harmful if swallowed

H311Toxic in contact with skin

H370Causes damage to organs

H372Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H373May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H400Very toxic to aquatic life

H401Toxic to aquatic life

H411Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements

P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

P264Wash hands thoroughly after handling.

P264Wash skin thouroughly after handling.

P270Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

P273Avoid release to the environment.

P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

P321Specific treatment (see … on this label).

P391Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment

P307+P311IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.

P405Store locked up.

P501Dispose of contents/container to..…

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N-Bromosuccinimide Price

Sigma-Aldrich
Product number
218758
Product name
1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene
Purity
98%
Packaging
250g
Price
$42.1
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
C0221
Product name
1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene
Purity
>99.0%(GC)
Packaging
25g
Price
$16
Updated
2021/03/22
TCI Chemical
Product number
C0221
Product name
1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene
Purity
>99.0%(GC)
Packaging
500g
Price
$82
Updated
2021/03/22
Alfa Aesar
Product number
B23423
Product name
1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene, 98%
Packaging
1000g
Price
$140
Updated
2020/06/24
Alfa Aesar
Product number
B23423
Product name
1-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene, 98%
Packaging
250g
Price
$38.9
Updated
2021/03/22
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3-Nitrochlorobenzene Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties

Moist tan or pale yellow crystalline solid

Uses

Intermediate for dyes.

Production Methods

m-Chloronitrobenzene is of lesser economic importance than its ortho- and para-isomers, with no U.S. production reported. The annual production in Germany was reported to be on the order of 1000–3000 metric tons. It has limited use in the manufacturing of dyes and agricultural chemicals.
There is no information on potential exposure. Chloronitrobenzene has been detected in the surface water of the Rhine River with concentrations between 20 and 500 ng/L and in fish at levels of up to 1 mg/kg.

General Description

Pale yellow crystals. Insoluble in water.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

3-Nitrochlorobenzene can react with oxidizing materials. .

Hazard

Toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Combustible. Questionable carcinogen.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for 3-Nitrochlorobenzene are not available. 3-Nitrochlorobenzene is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and inhalation. It forms methemoglobin in the body and gves rise to cyanosis and blood changes. Its effects are cumulative and analogous to those of nitrobenzene. The para compound is thought to be somewhat less toxic than the ortho compound. Chemically, it is probably converted in the body to chloroaniline, whch is also poisonous. In industry, it is the dust of hs material that is most often the source of intoxication. Flammable liquid and dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. It can react with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-, NOx, and phosgene. See also other chloronitrobenzene entries and NITRO COMPOUNDS of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the nitrobenzene from MeOH or 95% EtOH (charcoal), then pentane. [Beilstein 5 IV 722.]

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3-Nitrochlorobenzene Suppliers

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