- Product Name:
- (1R,2S)-Biopterin, 2-Amino-4-hydroxy-6-(1,2-dihydroxypropyl)pteridine, L-erythro-6-(1,2-Dihydroxypropyl)pterin
- Product Categories:
- Fluorescent Labels & Indicators
- Bases & Related Reagents
- Chiral Reagents
- Mol File:
6-Biopterin Chemical Properties
- Melting point:
- >210°C dec.
- D24 -50° (c = 0.4 in 0.1N HCl); D24 -26° (c = 0.92 in 0.1N NaOH)
- Boiling point:
- 379.74°C (rough estimate)
- 1.3472 (rough estimate)
- refractive index
- 1.7610 (estimate)
- storage temp.
- Aqueous Acid (Slightly, Heated, Sonicated)
- White to pale yellow powder.
- White to Light Yellow
- CAS DataBase Reference
- 22150-76-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
- Language:English Provider:SigmaAldrich
6-Biopterin Usage And Synthesis
6-Biopterin (L-Biopterin) is the oxidized form of tetrahydro-L-biopterin (BH4), a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) cofactor. L-Biopterin can be reduced to BH4 via thioredoxin reductase followed by dihydropteridine reductase or reduced glutathione. It is extremely toxic to human melanocytes in culture (IC50 = 0.2 μM after 48 hrs). L-Biopterin is rarely found under physiological conditions except in the epidermis of patients with the depigmentation disorder Vitiligo.
L-Biopterin is a pteridine widely distributed in nature; naturally occurring as the L-erythro-form. Considered as a growth factor for some insects. Fluoresces with a blue color in alkaline solution.
6-Biopterin is an enzymatic cofactor derived from pterin and involved in certain oxidation-reduction reactions. It is a biopterin in which the 1,2-dihydroxypropyl group has (1R,2S)-configuration; naturally occurring form. It is an enantiomer of a D-erythro-biopterin.
6-Biopterin is an oxidation product from the melanogenesis regulating cofactor (6R)5,6,7,8 tetrahydrobiopterin (6-BH4). In vitro, 6-Biopterin is cytotoxic to melanocytes. However, in vivo, 6-Biopterin is rapidly and sequentially reduced back to 6-GH4 via q-BH2. Recent studies suggest that 6-Biopterin among other pteridines may be a useful non-invasive biomarker for cancer.
Biopterin is synthesized by reacting 2,4,5-triamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine with 5-deoxy-L-arabinosone in aqueous solution at pH of about 7.5 to 10, acidifying and then recrystallizing by dissolving in basic solution and precipitating with acid. 5-deoxy-L-arabinosone is prepared by oxidizing S-deoxy-L-arabinose, which is prepared from L-rhamnose, using cupric acetate.
Process for the synthesis of biopterin
Moderately toxic by ingestion andintraperitoneal routes. Mutation data reported. Whenheated to decomposition it emits toxic vapors of NOx.
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