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Propionyl chloride

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Propionyl chloride Basic information

Product Name:
Propionyl chloride
Synonyms:
  • PROPIONYL CHLORIDE FOR SYNTHESIS
  • AKOS BBS-00004085
  • Propionyl chloride, 98.5%
  • PROPIONIC ACID CHLORIDE
  • Propionyl chloride Propanoyl chloride
  • PROPIONYL CHLORIDE
  • PROPANOYL CHLORIDE
  • Propionyl Chloride Factory Price
CAS:
79-03-8
MF:
C3H5ClO
MW:
92.52
EINECS:
201-170-0
Product Categories:
  • Acid Halides
  • Organics
  • Acid Halides
  • Carbonyl Compounds
  • Organic Building Blocks
  • organic synthesis material
  • Building Blocks
  • Carbonyl Compounds
  • Chemical Synthesis
  • Organic Building Blocks
  • API Intermediate
Mol File:
79-03-8.mol
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Propionyl chloride Chemical Properties

Melting point:
-94 °C
Boiling point:
77-79 °C (lit.)
Density 
1.059 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor density 
3.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
106 hPa (20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.404(lit.)
Flash point:
53 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear
PH Range
<7.0
explosive limit
3.6-11.9%(V)
Water Solubility 
REACTS
FreezingPoint 
-94℃
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,7828
BRN 
385632
Exposure limits
ACGIH: TWA 0.1 ppm
OSHA: TWA 0.1 ppm(0.4 mg/m3)
NIOSH: IDLH 2 ppm; TWA 0.1 ppm(0.4 mg/m3); Ceiling 0.2 ppm(0.8 mg/m3)
InChIKey
RZWZRACFZGVKFM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
79-03-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Propanoyl chloride(79-03-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Propanoyl chloride (79-03-8)
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Safety Information

Hazard Codes 
F,C
Risk Statements 
11-14-34-20/22
Safety Statements 
9-16-26-45
RIDADR 
UN 1815 3/PG 2
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
UG6657000
Autoignition Temperature
270 °C
TSCA 
Yes
HazardClass 
3
PackingGroup 
II
HS Code 
29051900
HS Code 
29399990
Hazardous Substances Data
79-03-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity
LD50 orally in Rabbit: 823 mg/kg

MSDS

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Propionyl chloride Usage And Synthesis

Chemical Properties

Propionyl chloride is a colorless to light yellow liquid with a strongly pungent odor. soluble in ethanol, decomposition in water. It is an easily flammable reagent and is corrosive, lachrymatory. It is used for the introduction of the propionyl group and for the synthesis of propionate esters because of its high reactivity. With water and lower alcohols it reacts vigorously under solvolysis to give the acid or ester.

Uses

Propionyl chloride is used as an intermediate in the production of agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. It serves as an intermediate for dyes, textile auxiliaries and peroxide compounds. It acts as a crop protecting agent.

Preparation

Propionyl chloride is synthesized by reacting propionic acid with phosphorus trichloride at 40-50°C for 1h, cooling, standing, separating and distilling to obtain the product.
CH3CH2COOH+PCl3→CH3CH2COCl+HOPCl2
Propionyl chloride is industrially produced by chlorination of propionic acid with phosgene:
CH3CH2CO2H + COCl2 → CH3CH2COCl + HCl + CO2

Application

Propionyl chloride is used for the introduction of the propionyl group and for the synthesis of propionate esters because of its high reactivity. It is an chemical intermediate in the preparation of various propionic acid derivatives, It can also be used:
To convert anisole to 4-methoxypropiophenone and 2-methoxynaphthalene to 1-propio-2-methoxynaphthalene in the presence of Indium(III) chloride (InCl3) impregnated mesoporous Si-MCM-41 catalyst.
For chlorination in the presence of sulfuryl chloride and peroxides to form α-chloropropionyl chloride and β-chloropropionyl chloride.
In reaction with (hydroxypropyl)cellulose to form the propanoate ester, [(propionyloxy)propyl]cellulose.

General Description

Propionyl chloride appears as a colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Corrosive and very irritating to skin and eyes. Used to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Propionyl chloride reacts vigorously or violently with water to form propionic acid and hydrochloric acid [Merck 11th ed. 1989].

Reactivity Profile

Acid halides, such as Propionyl chloride, are water reactive; some are violently reactive. They are incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, and alkali. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].

Hazard

Strong irritant to skin.

Health Hazard

May cause toxic effects if inhaled or ingested/swallowed. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

Safety Profile

A corrosive irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Exothermic reaction with diisopropyl ether produces much gas. The reaction may be dangerous if confmed. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical; do not use water. When heated to decomposition it emits lughly toxic fumes of Cl-. See also HYDROCHLORIC ACID.

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