Monosaccharide Oligosaccharides Polysaccharide Disaccharides
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Saccharides

Monosaccharide Oligosaccharides Polysaccharide Disaccharides
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Saccharides are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen three elements. From the chemical structure, carbohydrates are polyhydroxy aldehydes, ketones or their polymers. Sugar widely present in the plant kingdom and it is a major component of plant material which plays an important role in physiological and biochemical processes in plants. According to the structure, saccharides can be divided into simple sugars (including glucose, fructose, and galactose), disaccharides (including sucrose, maltose, and lactose etc.) and polysaccharides (including starch, liver glycogen and muscle glycogen, etc.). Monosaccharides are simplest carbohydrates, a polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones which can not be hydrolyzed any more. They are commonly called aldoses and ketoses. For instance, glucose is an aldohexose, fructose is a ketohexose, and ribose is an aldopentose. The number of carbon atoms in the monosaccharide is no more than 10. Naturally occurring monosaccharides are 5 to 6 carbon atoms. Disaccharide is a combination of two monosaccharide molecules by removal of a molecule of H2O. The polysaccharide is made up of hundreds or even thousands of glucose molecules. After complete hydrolysis of polysaccharides, thousands of monosaccharide molecules such as starch cellulose and the like is emerging. Saccharide compounds closely related to human life. sugar is the main source of human energy. Saccharide is also closely related with drugs. For example, the patient needs glucose injection, dextran for plasma preparations;  production of tablets commonly used starch as excipients; saccharides contained in some traditional Chinese medicine has a physiological activity, such as Poria Charges carbohydrate on mice sarcoma S100 which have a strong inhibition PUPS ; lentinan also strong inhibition of tumor.

Saccharides are the major products of photosynthesis of green plants, a major source of energy needed to maintain the life of animals and plants, an indispensable diet for human and animal. Saccharides are also important raw materials on the industry, and they are used in the construction paper pharmaceutical and food sectors. Processing them directly and indirectly can meet the needs of basic necessities of human and other aspects. Recent studies of carbohydrates in two directions:
① carbohydrate chemists dedicated to synthetic compounds, primarily for long-term plans for social development to make human food possible to gradually get rid of dependence on agriculture. This synthetic task is to seek ways to change the current situation of natural photosynthesis in plants alone and to be economically viable.
② To study the relationship of saccharide and life is because proteins, nucleic acids often inseparable from sugar in the body. The mystery carbohydrate compound in the living body will be uncovered.

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Structure:
Chemical Name:
5-Bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-beta-D-galactoside
CAS:
7240-90-6
MF:
C14H15BrClNO6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside
CAS:
369-07-3
MF:
C12H15NO8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Ribose
CAS:
50-69-1
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L-FUCOSE
CAS:
2438-80-4
MF:
C6H12O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Galactose
CAS:
59-23-4
MF:
C6H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Mannose
CAS:
3458-28-4
MF:
C6H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
β-D-Glucose pentaacetate
CAS:
604-69-3
MF:
C16H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cyclohexapentylose
CAS:
10016-20-3
MF:
C36 H60 O30
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D(+)-GLUCOSE MONOHYDRATE
CAS:
14431-43-7
MF:
C6H14O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3,4,6-TETRA-O-BENZYL-D-GLUCOPYRANOSE
CAS:
6564-72-3
MF:
C34H36O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Deoxy-D-glucose
CAS:
154-17-6
MF:
C6H12O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,6-DI-O-METHYL-BETA-CYCLODEXTRIN
CAS:
51166-71-3
MF:
C56H98O35
Structure:
Chemical Name:
GENTIOBIOSE
CAS:
554-91-6
MF:
C12H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine
CAS:
7512-17-6
MF:
C8H15NO6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Uridine
CAS:
58-96-8
MF:
C9H12N2O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Chitosan
CAS:
9012-76-4
MF:
C6H11NO4X2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Saccharin
CAS:
81-07-2
MF:
C7H5NO3S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside
CAS:
367-93-1
MF:
C9H18O5S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D(+)-Raffinose pentahydrate
CAS:
17629-30-0
MF:
C18H42O21
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-(-)-Salicin
CAS:
138-52-3
MF:
C13H18O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
beta-(1,3)-D-Glucan
CAS:
9012-72-0
MF:
C18H30O14X2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,2:5,6-Bis-O-(1-methylethylidene)-D-mannitol
CAS:
1707-77-3
MF:
C12H22O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Fructose-1,6-diphoshate calcium salt
CAS:
103213-33-8
MF:
C6H16CaO12P2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
FERROUS GLUCONATE DIHYDRATE
CAS:
12389-15-0
MF:
C12H26FeO16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-(+)-Cellobiose
CAS:
528-50-7
MF:
C12H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Neosperidin dihydrochalcone
CAS:
20702-77-6
MF:
C28H36O15
Chemical Name:
Pectin
CAS:
9000-69-5
MF:
C6H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
beta-D-Ribofuranose 1-acetate 2,3,5-tribenzoate
CAS:
6974-32-9
MF:
C28H24O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L-Threonic acid calcium salt
CAS:
70753-61-6
MF:
C8H14CaO10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Diacetone-D-glucose
CAS:
582-52-5
MF:
C12H20O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Tri-O-acetyl-D-glucal
CAS:
2873-29-2
MF:
C12H16O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside
CAS:
29836-26-8
MF:
C14H28O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
beta-D-(-)-Arabinose
CAS:
10323-20-3
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Sucrose
CAS:
57-50-1
MF:
C12H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-(+)-Glucono-1,5-lactone
CAS:
90-80-2
MF:
C6H10O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
beta-D-Ribofuranose 1,2,3,5-tetraacetate
CAS:
13035-61-5
MF:
C13H18O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Mannitol
CAS:
87-78-5
MF:
C6H14O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Deoxy-D-ribose
CAS:
533-67-5
MF:
C5H10O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
beta-Cyclodextrin methyl ethers
CAS:
128446-36-6
MF:
C54H94O35
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,2,3-Triacetyl-5-deoxy-D-ribose
CAS:
62211-93-2
MF:
C11H16O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D(-)-Fructose
CAS:
57-48-7
MF:
C6H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin
CAS:
128446-35-5
MF:
C63H112O42
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Erythritol
CAS:
149-32-6
MF:
C4H10O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
DL-Dithiothreitol
CAS:
3483-12-3
MF:
C4H10O2S2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
alpha-D-Methylglucoside
CAS:
97-30-3
MF:
C7H14O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Arbutin
CAS:
497-76-7
MF:
C12H16O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-Acetylneuraminic acid
CAS:
131-48-6
MF:
C11H19NO9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Dipotassium glycyrrhizinate
CAS:
68797-35-3
MF:
C42H60K2O16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L(+)-Arabinose
CAS:
87-72-9
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
SODIUM GLUCOHEPTONATE
CAS:
31138-65-5
MF:
C7H13NaO8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D(+)-Xylose
CAS:
58-86-6
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Amikacin Disulfate
CAS:
39831-55-5
MF:
C22H47N5O21S2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
beta-D-Galactose pentaacetate
CAS:
4163-60-4
MF:
C16H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Esculin
CAS:
531-75-9
MF:
C15H16O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L-(-)-SORBOSE
CAS:
87-79-6
MF:
C6H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Dithioerythritol
CAS:
6892-68-8
MF:
C4H10O2S2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,6-ANHYDRO-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSE
CAS:
498-07-7
MF:
C6H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Gluconic acid
CAS:
526-95-4
MF:
C6H12O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L(+)-Rhamnose monohydrate
CAS:
10030-85-0
MF:
C6H14O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
MUCIC ACID
CAS:
526-99-8
MF:
C6H10O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Diacetonefructose
CAS:
20880-92-6
MF:
C12H20O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,4,6-Tri-O-acetyl-D-galactal
CAS:
4098-06-0
MF:
C12H16O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Xanthan gum
CAS:
11138-66-2
MF:
C8H14Cl2N2O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Deoxy-2-fluoro-1,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-D-ribofuranose
CAS:
97614-43-2
MF:
C26H21FO7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Microcrystalline cellulose
CAS:
9004-34-6
MF:
H2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-(+)-Maltose monohydrate
CAS:
6363-53-7
MF:
C12H24O12
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D(+)-Trehalose dihydrate
CAS:
6138-23-4
MF:
C12H22O11·2H2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside
CAS:
3150-24-1
MF:
C12H15NO8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
6-O-ALPHA-MALTOSYL-BETA-CYCLODEXTRIN HYDRATE
CAS:
104723-60-6
MF:
C54H90O45
Chemical Name:
Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
CAS:
9004-32-4
MF:
C6H7O2(OH)2CH2COONa
Structure:
Chemical Name:
XYLAN
CAS:
9014-63-5
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-TAGATOSE
CAS:
87-81-0
MF:
C6H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Galactal
CAS:
21193-75-9
MF:
C6H10O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Deoxy-2,2-difluoro-D-erythro-pentafuranous-1-ulose-3,5-dibenzoate
CAS:
122111-01-7
MF:
C19H14F2O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ethyl cellulose
CAS:
9004-57-3
MF:
C23H24N6O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
INULIN
CAS:
9005-80-5
MF:
C18H32O16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
GLYCYRRHIZIC ACID TRISODIUM SALT HYDRATE
CAS:
71277-78-6
MF:
C42H61Na3O17
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Agar
CAS:
9002-18-0
MF:
C14H24O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-Deoxy-L-ribose
CAS:
18546-37-7
MF:
C5H10O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ALLOXAN MONOHYDRATE
CAS:
2244-11-3
MF:
C4H4N2O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1,3,5-Tri-O-benzoyl-D-ribofuranose
CAS:
22224-41-5
MF:
C26H22O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Glucal
CAS:
13265-84-4
MF:
C6H10O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L-ARABINOSE
CAS:
5328-37-0
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
TREHALOSE
CAS:
99-20-7
MF:
C12H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ribose
CAS:
24259-59-4
MF:
C5H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Naringin
CAS:
10236-47-2
MF:
C27H32O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Amygdalin
CAS:
29883-15-6
MF:
C20H27NO11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-beta-D-Arabinofuranosyluracil
CAS:
3083-77-0
MF:
C9H12N2O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Lactobionic acid
CAS:
96-82-2
MF:
C12H22O12
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Maltitol
CAS:
585-88-6
MF:
C12H24O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Apramycin sulfate
CAS:
65710-07-8
MF:
C21H43N5O15S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,3,4,6-Tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide
CAS:
572-09-8
MF:
C14H19BrO9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-DEOXY-1-(OCTYLAMINO)-D-GLUCITOL
CAS:
23323-37-7
MF:
C14H31NO5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Sucralose
CAS:
56038-13-2
MF:
C12H19Cl3O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D(+)-Galactosamine hydrochloride
CAS:
1772-03-8
MF:
C6H14ClNO5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-NITROPHENYL-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE
CAS:
2492-87-7
MF:
C12H15NO8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Glucurone
CAS:
32449-92-6
MF:
C6H8O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Glucose pentaacetate
CAS:
604-68-2
MF:
C16H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cyclooctapentylose
CAS:
17465-86-0
MF:
C48H80O40
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Chitin
CAS:
1398-61-4
MF:
C6H11NO4X2