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Chinese Herbs

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Herbal chemistry refers to the subject combines modern scientific theories and methods for studying the chemical composition of herbs. The research object of herbal chemistry is the chemical composition of herbs. Herb has a very complicate chemical composition, usually containing sugars, amino acids, proteins, fats, waxes , enzymes, pigments, vitamins, organic acids, tannins, inorganic salts, essential oils, alkaloids, glycosides and so on. Each herb may contain a variety of ingredients. In these ingredients, there are some types with obvious biological activity and can play a role in health care, often referred to as the active ingredient, such as alkaloids, glycosides, volatile oils, amino acids and so on.

The reason why herbs have medical effects is mainly due to the active ingredients contained in them. In addition to the many kinds of herbal active ingredient that have already been studied and widely applied in the past, such as anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial berberine, the ephedrine contained ephedra for asthma treatment, the anti-hypertension ingredient, reserpine contained in Rauvolfia verticillata, in recent years, it has been found of many more active ingredients contained in Chinese herb from both domestic and abroad. It has been particularly studied of the biological active ingredients in the field of anti-tumor, the treatment of cardiovascular disease and chronic bronchitis. Other ingredients are universally presented in the herbal kingdom, but usually have no biological activity without any pharmaceutical effect, thereby being known as "ineffective ingredients", such as carbohydrates, proteins, pigments, resins, and inorganic salts. However, the definition of “effective” and “ineffective” is not absolute, and some components originally considered as invalid have also become active ingredients later due to the presence of the biological activity contained in it. For example, the polysaccharide contained in mushrooms and poria cocos has certain anti-tumor effect; seaweed polysaccharide has lipid-lowering effect; the radices trichosanthis protein has a labor induction effect; tannin is widely presented in the herbal kingdom. Although it generally has no major effect on the treatment of diseases, thereby often being considered as a kind of inactive ingredient, the tannin contained in gall, Polygonum cuspidatum and sanguisorba officinalis, because of the high content and certain biological activity, is treated as a kind of active ingredient; another example is that the mucus is usually considered as ineffective ingredient, and is treated as an active ingredient in rhizome beltillae.

Owing to the development of modern science, the separation methods of all kinds of sophisticated quantitative methods tend to be fast, enabling the further deepened analysis on the chemical composition of herbs. In particular, people has combined gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, linking the separation, purification and identification, several steps together,  improving the speed and accuracy of structure determination, further opening broad prospects for the study of the chemical composition of herbs, in the 1950s, due to the discovery in folk medicine of blood pressure-lowering component, Rauwolfia alkaloids reserpine, and the discovery of the anticancer component, vincaleukoblastinum from Catharanthus roseus, there is a renewed emphasis on the study of the ingredients contained in folk herbal plant in the international scientific community. It is especially worth mentioning that many countries around the world are now competing on screening active anti-cancer ingredient from the plant drugs. In China, in recent years, it has been found from herbs Artemisia annua of artemisinin, being a fast-acting anti-malarial drug; the agrimophol identified from the bud and roots of Agrimonia pilosa has excellent tenia-expelling effect; the farrerol identified from Rhododendron and other studies on the components of ginseng and acanthopanax have all clarified that herbal chemistry has made substantial progress.

It can be expected that in the field of a number of drugs for the treatment of major disease, will soon obtain some new breakthroughs from plant ingredients. In the foundation of achieving a major success in the research of herbal and plant effective component, people has developed a new subject of plant tissue culture, which is a new area of research engaged in studying the production of secondary metabolites from plant tissue after artificial culture process, which aims to directionally produce a lot of active ingredients in favor of the industrial production. For example, the crude soap content in the ginseng tissue culture can be up to 21%. Meanwhile, it is promising that tissue culture can develop into an effective method of analyzing the biosynthetic pathway of plant components. The proposed chemical plant taxonomy in the recent nearly three decades is exactly the development of the chemical constituents of plants, namely hoping to develop a truly natural classification system from the distribution principle of metabolites in plants (chemical composition). It will promote the study of the kinship of plants from the angle of the chemical constituents.

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Structure:
Chemical Name:
Alantolactone
CAS:
546-43-0
MF:
C15H20O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cephalomannine
CAS:
71610-00-9
MF:
C45H53NO14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ELEUTHEROSIDE B
CAS:
118-34-3
MF:
C17H24O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Rutaecarpine
CAS:
84-26-4
MF:
C18H13N3O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Lercanidipine hydrochloride
CAS:
132866-11-6
MF:
C36H42ClN3O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
TAUROURSODEOXYCHOLIC ACID
CAS:
14605-22-2
MF:
C26H45NO6S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
L-Epicatechin
CAS:
490-46-0
MF:
C15H14O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Baicalein
CAS:
491-67-8
MF:
C15H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
BERBERINE CHLORIDE
CAS:
141433-60-5
MF:
C20H18ClNO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
10,11-Dimethoxystrychnine
CAS:
357-57-3
MF:
C23H26N2O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Aconitine
CAS:
302-27-2
MF:
C34H47NO11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Bilobalide
CAS:
33570-04-6
MF:
C15H18O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Loganin
CAS:
18524-94-2
MF:
C17H26O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
FUMONISIN B1
CAS:
116355-83-0
MF:
C34H59NO15
Structure:
Chemical Name:
7-Hydroxycoumarin
CAS:
93-35-6
MF:
C9H6O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Berberine
CAS:
2086-83-1
MF:
C20H18NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Jujuboside A
CAS:
55466-04-1
MF:
C58H94O26
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Dihydrocapsaicin
CAS:
19408-84-5
MF:
C18H29NO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Vitexin
CAS:
3681-93-4
MF:
C21H20O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Julolidine
CAS:
479-59-4
MF:
C12H15N
Structure:
Chemical Name:
gamma-Linolenic acid
CAS:
506-26-3
MF:
C18H30O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Xylometazoline hydrochloride
CAS:
1218-35-5
MF:
C16H25ClN2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic acid
CAS:
99-50-3
MF:
C7H6O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
10-Deacetylbaccatin III
CAS:
32981-86-5
MF:
C29H36O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Aucubin
CAS:
479-98-1
MF:
C15H22O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Stigmasterol
CAS:
83-48-7
MF:
C29H48O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Carnosic acid
CAS:
3650-09-7
MF:
C20H28O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
RHAPONTIN
CAS:
155-58-8
MF:
C21H24O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Betulinic acid
CAS:
472-15-1
MF:
C30H48O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Hordenine
CAS:
539-15-1
MF:
C10H15NO
Structure:
Chemical Name:
HARMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
CAS:
343-27-1
MF:
C13H13ClN2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(-)-Arctigenin
CAS:
7770-78-7
MF:
C21H24O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
D-Pinitol
CAS:
10284-63-6
MF:
C7H14O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
5,5-Dimethylhydantoin
CAS:
77-71-4
MF:
C5H8N2O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Silymarin
CAS:
65666-07-1
MF:
C25H22O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Imperatorin
CAS:
482-44-0
MF:
C16H14O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
USNIC ACID
CAS:
125-46-2
MF:
C18H16O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Neohesperidin
CAS:
13241-33-3
MF:
C28H34O15
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Mesaconitine
CAS:
2752-64-9
MF:
C33H45NO11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Rotenone
CAS:
83-79-4
MF:
C23H22O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Aloe emodin
CAS:
481-72-1
MF:
C15H10O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
FORSYTHIN
CAS:
487-41-2
MF:
C27H34O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Bufalin
CAS:
465-21-4
MF:
C24H34O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Astragaloside IV
CAS:
84687-43-4
MF:
C41H68O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Deoxycholic acid
CAS:
83-44-3
MF:
C24H40O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Glycocholic acid
CAS:
475-31-0
MF:
C26H43NO6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
alpha-Asarone
CAS:
2883-98-9
MF:
C12H16O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Apigenin 7-glucoside
CAS:
578-74-5
MF:
C21H20O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Bilirubin
CAS:
635-65-4
MF:
C33H36N4O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol
CAS:
498-00-0
MF:
C8H10O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Isoimperatorin
CAS:
482-45-1
MF:
C16H14O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Picroside II
CAS:
39012-20-9
MF:
C23H28O13
Structure:
Chemical Name:
DL-Octopamine hydrochloride
CAS:
770-05-8
MF:
C8H12ClNO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Scutellarin
CAS:
27740-01-8
MF:
C21H18O12
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Patchouli alcohol
CAS:
5986-55-0
MF:
C15H26O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ELEUTHEROSIDE A
CAS:
474-58-8
MF:
C35H60O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Leonurine hydrochloride
CAS:
24697-74-3
MF:
C14H21N3O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-DEOXYMANNOJIRIMYCIN HYDROCHLORIDE
CAS:
73465-43-7
MF:
C6H14ClNO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Hydroxycitric acid
CAS:
6205-14-7
MF:
C6H8O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Protopanaxatriol
CAS:
1453-93-6
MF:
C30H52O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Vinflunine
CAS:
162652-95-1
MF:
C45H54F2N4O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(-)-GALLOCATECHIN
CAS:
3371-27-5
MF:
C15H14O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Astragaloside II
CAS:
84676-89-1
MF:
C43H70O15
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ALEURITIC ACID
CAS:
533-87-9
MF:
C16H32O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
LUCIGENIN
CAS:
2315-97-1
MF:
C28H22N4O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Hypaconitine
CAS:
6900-87-4
MF:
C33H45NO10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
REBAUDIOSIDE A
CAS:
58543-16-1
MF:
C44H70O23
Structure:
Chemical Name:
APIIN
CAS:
26544-34-3
MF:
C26H28O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
NUCIFERINE
CAS:
475-83-2
MF:
C19H21NO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
β-Boswellic Acid
CAS:
631-69-6
MF:
C30H48O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
LIQUIRITIGENIN
CAS:
578-86-9
MF:
C15H12O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
MORIN R. G.
CAS:
654055-01-3
MF:
C15H12O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
CASTICIN
CAS:
479-91-4
MF:
C19H18O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
6-Shogaol
CAS:
555-66-8
MF:
C17H24O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
CYANIDIN CHLORIDE
CAS:
528-58-5
MF:
C15H11ClO6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Neoandrographolide
CAS:
27215-14-1
MF:
C26H40O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,9,10-Trimethoxy-5,6-dihydroisoquinolino[2,1-b]isoquinolin-7-ium-3-ol
CAS:
3621-38-3
MF:
C20H20INO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
9H-PYRIDO[3,4-B]INDOLE
CAS:
244-63-3
MF:
C11H8N2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
CORILAGIN
CAS:
23094-69-1
MF:
C27H22O18
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Schisandrin A
CAS:
61281-38-7
MF:
C24H32O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(+)-FANGCHINOLINE
CAS:
436-77-1
MF:
C37H40N2O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
LANOSTEROL
CAS:
79-63-0
MF:
C30H50O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4'-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin
CAS:
6559-91-7
MF:
C21H20O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Geniposidic acid
CAS:
27741-01-1
MF:
C16H22O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
13,14-Didehydromatridin-15-one
CAS:
145572-44-7
MF:
C15H22N2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Vitexin-2-O-rhamnoside
CAS:
64820-99-1
MF:
C27H30O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
SCHIZANDRIN B
CAS:
61281-37-6
MF:
C23H28O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Peimine
CAS:
23496-41-5
MF:
C27H45NO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
10-Hydroxy-2-decenoic acid
CAS:
14113-05-4
MF:
C10H18O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
FRAXIN
CAS:
524-30-1
MF:
C16H18O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Sweroside
CAS:
14215-86-2
MF:
C16H22O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
CARNOSOL
CAS:
5957-80-2
MF:
C20H26O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
1-Deoxynojirimycin
CAS:
19130-96-2
MF:
C6H13NO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Liensinine
CAS:
2586-96-1
MF:
C37H42N2O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Dehydroandrographolide
CAS:
134418-28-3
MF:
C20H28O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Isoalantolactone
CAS:
470-17-7
MF:
C15H20O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Protopine
CAS:
130-86-9
MF:
C20H19NO5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Vanillylacetone
CAS:
122-48-5
MF:
C11H14O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Albiflorin
CAS:
39011-90-0
MF:
C23H28O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
DL-SULFORAPHANE
CAS:
4478-93-7
MF:
C6H11NOS2