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Plant extracts

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During the process of plant growth, they carry out a number of metabolic and biochemical processes, forming and accumulating various kinds of chemical substances that form the chemical composition of plants. Plant extracts are very complicated and also contain many types of chemical composition with the composition in different parts also being different. Usually plants contain many types of chemical constituents below: alkaloids, glycosides, organic acids, resins (including resin acids, resin alcohols and hydrocarbon resins), volatile oils, sugars (including starches, inulin, gums and phlegmatic, etc.) , amino acids, proteins and enzymes, tannins, plant pigments (including chlorophyll, carotenoids, flavonoids, beet red bases and quinones, etc.), oils and waxes, and inorganic ingredients (trace elements).

There are many kinds of plant extracts with their major functions contained in skin medicines, efficacy cosmetics and cosmetic including: anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, anti-infective, sterilization, wetting, protecting the skin and so on. No matter whether it is a single plant extract or compound extract, it often has multiple effects, especially that the clinical efficacy of the compound extract is reflected in the combined and overall effect of compound compatibility, its efficacy is sometimes more excellent than mixed material of the isolated purified ingredients.

According to the formulations of plant extracts, it can be divided into: water-soluble plant extracts (including water and propylene glycol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, and glycerol extract), oil-soluble plant extracts (including various vegetable oils, such as the exact of sunflower oil, coconut oil and olive extract oil, sometimes use isopropyl myristate extract), essential oils, spray-dried powder, enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable protein powder, the pure active ingredients, peeled fruit core powder, liposome encapsulated microcapsules, polysaccharides or other porous polymer-encapsulated microcapsules and microspheres absorbed extract. It has been also used of freshly prepared fruit or vegetable juice in the professional beauty salon or family. If the plant parts used for the plant extract are different, the active ingredients are also different, including: roots, stems, leaves, bark, flowers, garland, fruits, seeds, shoots and the like. This classification method is more meaningful in the preparation, application, storage and transportation, and is used frequently by the manufacturer of some plant extracts.

With the development of various pieces of studies including extraction, isolation, determination techniques of composition and structure and the pharmacological effects, some separated and purified plant extract has begun to be taken seriously. Some companies of plant extracts manufacturing are actively studying and developing these new types of products. Some larger cosmetic companies have done a lot of research work, separating and extracting pure extract and further applying to various products. There are highly effective ingredients contained in such plant extracts, containing no or less other irrelevant substances but containing one or more pure components. These components have accurate contents and structure components, relatively explicit quality standards and inspection methods, and have their product undergone pharmacological testing, clinical trials and activity tests. The application of such plant extracts is more effective and practical, easy for the anti-corrosion and the quality control of the product, but usually having higher cost compared general extract. We will discuss below of some plant extracts which have been applied in cosmetics, having clearly defined composition and structure as well as having undergone separation and purification.

The plant extracts industry in our country, because of the influence of traditional Chinese medicine culture, has unique advantages for development. With rich resources and technological advantages, China has become one of the world's most important suppliers of plant extracts. According to Chinese customs statistics, China's plant extracts of exports had amounted to $815 million in 2010, accounting for 41.9% of China's total export of Chinese medicine, the extract of Chinese products have become the major driving force in the increasing of the China's export growth. At present, there are around 2000 enterprises engaging in plant extracts production and trade business with thousands of products being exported to foreign countries every year.

Data has shown that the inn the first half of 2011, the exports sales of plant extracts in China has reached up to $525 million with an increase of 47.68%. The proportion of plant extract in Chinese exports is gradually increasing. As the product of "natural medicine" and "homeopathy" usage, plant extracts have a very stable market in the international market.

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Structure:
Chemical Name:
(-)-Epicatechin gallate
CAS:
1257-08-5
MF:
C22H18O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
CYTISINE
CAS:
485-35-8
MF:
C11H14N2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Triptolide
CAS:
38748-32-2
MF:
C20H24O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate
CAS:
989-51-5
MF:
C22H18O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
KUROMANIN CHLORIDE
CAS:
7084-24-4
MF:
C21H21ClO11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Rhein
CAS:
478-43-3
MF:
C15H8O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Diosgenin
CAS:
512-04-9
MF:
C27H42O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Guanine
CAS:
73-40-5
MF:
C5H5N5O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Phenylmorpholine
CAS:
92-53-5
MF:
C10H13NO
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Schisandrin
CAS:
7432-28-2
MF:
C24H32O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(1R)-(+)-ALPHA-PINENE
CAS:
7785-70-8
MF:
C10H16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Jujuboside B
CAS:
55466-05-2
MF:
C52H84O21
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Docetaxel trihydrate
CAS:
148408-66-6
MF:
C43H53NO14.3H2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Emodin-3-methyl ether
CAS:
521-61-9
MF:
C16H12O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(1S)-(-)-alpha-Pinene
CAS:
7785-26-4
MF:
C10H16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ASTRAGALIN
CAS:
480-10-4
MF:
C21H20O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Zeaxanthin
CAS:
144-68-3
MF:
C40H56O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
6-Hydroxypurine
CAS:
68-94-0
MF:
C5H4N4O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Salvianolic acid B
CAS:
115939-25-8
MF:
C36H30O16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(3b,6a,12b,24R)-20,24-Epoxy-3,12,25-trihydroxydammaran-6-yl 2-O-(6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside
CAS:
69884-00-0
MF:
C42H72O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
eupatilin
CAS:
22368-21-4
MF:
C18H16O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
HOMOORIENTIN
CAS:
4261-42-1
MF:
C21H20O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Schisantherin A
CAS:
58546-56-8
MF:
C30H32O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Sennoside A
CAS:
81-27-6
MF:
C42H38O20
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Tanshinone IIA
CAS:
568-72-9
MF:
C19H18O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Salvianolic acid
CAS:
96574-01-5
MF:
C26H22O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2,4,6-Trihydroxybenzoic acid
CAS:
83-30-7
MF:
C7H6O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Harpagoside
CAS:
19210-12-9
MF:
C24H30O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cholesteryl chloride
CAS:
910-31-6
MF:
C27H45Cl
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Grape Seed Extract
CAS:
84929-27-1
MF:
C32H30O11
Chemical Name:
Garlic oil
CAS:
8000-78-0
MF:
W99
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Gentiopicroside
CAS:
20831-76-9
MF:
C16H20O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rf
CAS:
52286-58-5
MF:
C42H72O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rb1
CAS:
41753-43-9
MF:
C54H92O23
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rg1
CAS:
22427-39-0
MF:
C42H72O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cholesterol
CAS:
57-88-5
MF:
C27H46O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
4-Aminoantipyrine
CAS:
83-07-8
MF:
C11H13N3O
Chemical Name:
Ginseng extract
CAS:
90045-38-8
MF:
C15H24N2O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ECHINACOSIDE
CAS:
82854-37-3
MF:
C35H46O20
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Irinotecan hydrochloride
CAS:
100286-90-6
MF:
C33H39ClN4O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cynarin
CAS:
30964-13-7
MF:
C25H24O12
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(1S)-(1)-beta-Pinene
CAS:
18172-67-3
MF:
C10H16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ligustilide
CAS:
4431-01-0
MF:
C12H14O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Pterostilbene
CAS:
537-42-8
MF:
C16H16O3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Hinokitiol
CAS:
499-44-5
MF:
C10H12O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Sodium danshensu
CAS:
67920-52-9
MF:
C9H9O5.Na
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Protodioscin
CAS:
55056-80-9
MF:
C51H84O22
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Acetyl-trans-resveratrol
CAS:
42206-94-0
MF:
C20H18O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Geniposide
CAS:
24512-63-8
MF:
C17H24O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rc
CAS:
11021-14-0
MF:
C53H90O22
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rg3
CAS:
14197-60-5
MF:
C42H72O13
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Chrysophanic acid
CAS:
481-74-3
MF:
C15H10O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
GENIPIN
CAS:
6902-77-8
MF:
C11H14O5
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Typhaneoside
CAS:
104472-68-6
MF:
C34H42O20
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Demethyl
CAS:
11041-94-4
MF:
C16H18ClNO3
Structure:
Chemical Name:
PULCHINENOSIDE B4
CAS:
129741-57-7
MF:
C59H96O26
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ISORHAMNETIN-3-RUTINOSIDE
CAS:
604-80-8
MF:
C28H32O16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
GOITRINE
CAS:
1072-93-1
MF:
C5H7NOS
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Notoginsenoside R1
CAS:
80418-24-2
MF:
C47H80O18
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Forskolin
CAS:
66575-29-9
MF:
C22H34O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
N-BUTYLIDENEPHTHALIDE
CAS:
551-08-6
MF:
C12H12O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Epimedin A
CAS:
110623-72-8
MF:
C39H50O20
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Hecogenin
CAS:
467-55-0
MF:
C27H42O4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
MORIN
CAS:
480-16-0
MF:
C15H10O7
Structure:
Chemical Name:
ERIOCITRIN
CAS:
13463-28-0
MF:
C27H32O15
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Saikosaponin D
CAS:
20874-52-6
MF:
C42H68O13
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Saikosaponin C
CAS:
20736-08-7
MF:
C48H78O17
Structure:
Chemical Name:
(+/-)-exo-6-Hydroxytropinone
CAS:
5932-53-6
MF:
C8H13NO2
Chemical Name:
Garcinia cambogia extract
CAS:
90045-23-1
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Tectoridin
CAS:
611-40-5
MF:
C22H22O11
Structure:
Chemical Name:
FORSYTHOSIDE A
CAS:
79916-77-1
MF:
C29H36O15
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Coptisine chloride
CAS:
6020-18-4
MF:
C19H14ClNO4
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Saikosaponin A
CAS:
20736-09-8
MF:
C42H68O13
Structure:
Chemical Name:
2-N-PROPYLPYRIDINE
CAS:
622-39-9
MF:
C8H11N
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Fucoxanthin
CAS:
3351-86-8
MF:
C42H58O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Tectorigenin
CAS:
548-77-6
MF:
C16H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Betulinicaldehyde
CAS:
13159-28-9
MF:
C30H48O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rh1
CAS:
63223-86-9
MF:
C36H62O9
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rb3
CAS:
68406-26-8
MF:
C53H90O22
Structure:
Chemical Name:
VERBENALIN
CAS:
548-37-8
MF:
C17H24O10
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rd
CAS:
52705-93-8
MF:
C48H82O18
Structure:
Chemical Name:
GAMBOGIC ACID
CAS:
2752-65-0
MF:
C38H44O8
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Ginsenoside Rg2
CAS:
52286-74-5
MF:
C42H72O13
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Germacrone
CAS:
6902-91-6
MF:
C15H22O
Structure:
Chemical Name:
NARIRUTIN
CAS:
14259-46-2
MF:
C27H32O14
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Cichoric acid
CAS:
70831-56-0
MF:
C22H18O12
Structure:
Chemical Name:
gracillin
CAS:
19083-00-2
MF:
C45H72O17
Structure:
Chemical Name:
tuberostemonine
CAS:
6879-01-2
MF:
C22H33NO4
Chemical Name:
Alginic acid
CAS:
9005-32-7
MF:
(C6H8O6)n
Chemical Name:
Blueberry extract
CAS:
84082-34-8
MF:
C27H31O16
Structure:
Chemical Name:
DIOSMETIN
CAS:
520-34-3
MF:
C16H12O6
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Sennoside B
CAS:
128-57-4
MF:
C42H38O20
Structure:
Chemical Name:
LIGUSTRAZOINEHYDROCHLORIDE
CAS:
76494-51-4
MF:
C8H12N2.ClH
Structure:
Chemical Name:
DIGITONIN
CAS:
11024-24-1
MF:
C56H92O29
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Isoflavone
CAS:
574-12-9
MF:
C15H10O2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
GINSENOSIDE RB2
CAS:
11021-13-9
MF:
C53H90O22
Structure:
Chemical Name:
STACHYDRINE HYDROCHLORIDE
CAS:
4136-37-2
MF:
C7H14ClNO2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
TRYPTAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
CAS:
343-94-2
MF:
C10H13ClN2
Structure:
Chemical Name:
Fucoidan
CAS:
9072-19-9
MF:
C7H14O7S
Structure:
Chemical Name:
7-Ethylcamptothecin
CAS:
78287-27-1
MF:
C22H20N2O4